adj., adv.

Erk bone; WA bayne

'obedient, willing; eagerly' (Modern English bain)


cp. OIcel beinn ‘staight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating’ < PGmc *baina-. The ulterior etymology is obscure, though it is often linked to the n. OIcel bein, OE bān etc. ‘bone’, or the tribal name OE Bāningas in Widsith.  

PGmc Ancestor


Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating'
(ONP beinn (2) (adj.))

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein

OE Cognate

Phonological and morphological markers

ON /ei/ &lt; PGmc */ai/

Summary category



Fairly numerous in ME from c1300, mainly N/NM; increasingly widespread in 15c. and MnE dial usage.

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

Gaw 1092, 2158; Pe 807; Cl 1511; Pat 136; Erk 181; WA 323


MED bain (adj.) , OED bain (adj., n. and adv.) , HTOED , EDD bain (adj. adv.), Dance bayn, Bj. 40, 282, 306, de Vries beinn, Mag. beinn (2), Heid. (-)baina*-, VEPN beinn