Cl kyrke; Erk kyrke, pl. kyrkes; WA kirke
'church' (Modern English kirk)
Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)
(ONP kirkja (sb.))
Other Scandinavian Reflexes
Far kirkja, Icel kirkja, Norw kyrkje, Dan kirke, Sw kyrka
Phonological and morphological markers
absence of palatalization of */k/
Predominantly N in ME and later (see LALME dot maps 387 and 388, and cp. LAEME map 00568308). For earliest occurrences, see SPS; for ME distribution see McIntosh 1973: 55–66 (Laing 1989: 86–97), Smith 1996: 139–41, and Miller 121–2; on place-name evidence see EPNE s.vv. kirkja, kirkju-bý(r), Fisiak 1995 and Fellows-Jensen 1987.
Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus
Gaw 2196; Pe 1061; Cl 1270, 1431; Erk 16, 113; WA 1549, 4542
The instance at Cl 1431 refers to the Temple.