Cl pl. capeles, WA (Dublin) capyll
'horse' (Modern English caple, capul)
Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)
kapall ‘nag, hack’
(ONP kapall (sb.))
Other Scandinavian Reflexes
Phonological and morphological markers
Distinctively N (esp. NW) in place-names. MED has a handful of 14c. occurrences (earliest in c1325 Of Rybaudʒ (Hrl 2253)); relatively widespread, inc. two citations from Chaucer and one from Cockaygne. Recorded in MnE Sc., Lan. and Chs. dial.
Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus
Gaw 2175; Cl 1254; WA 754*
On the word’s usage (though not in Gaw) with pejorative connotations, see Burnley 1983: 151–2.