?'small wood' (Modern English strothe)
(1) *sturðō; (2) *strōð-
Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)
(1) storð ‘grass, green stalk’
(ONP (1) storð (1) (sb.))
Other Scandinavian Reflexes
(1) Icel storð, OSw storþahug
(2) (a) strōd ‘marshy land overgrown with brushwood’, (b) *strōðer 'a place overgrown with brushwood'
Phonological and morphological markers
MED only cites twice from literary sources (Gaw and Pe). It gives a range of onomastic citations of widespread provenance (incl. Buc., Kent, Sus.), but all these forms contain <d> except (1198) Mem.St.Mary Fountains in Sur.Soc.67 15 <Langestroth> (next to the same text, 9 <Langestrod>). The place-name closest in form in EPNE s.v. strōd is Langstrothdale (WRY).
Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus
Gaw 1710; Pe 115
TGD and Vant suggest <ro> has been rewritten in the MS at Gaw 1710. Madden and Morris take it as an adj., which Morris glosses as 'wild' from context (see his note). Other editors' translations largely follow assumptions about the word's etymology: see esp. notes in TGD, TG, and further Gordon and Onions 1932: 129). PS prints a compound at Gaw 1710: strothe-rande 'strip of marshy scrubland'. On the sense of stroþe-men in Pe, see EVG 115n.