adj., v. (pp.)

Cl pres. pctp. dasande; Pat past 3 sg. dased; WA pp. dasyd

‘to be bewildered, dazed; to be numb’

(Modern English dazed)


Always derived from ON, cp. OIcel *dasa, which is attested only in the past participle dasaðr ‘exhausted, worn out’ and reflexive dasast ‘to become weary’. No related forms appear to be attested in Gmc outside Scandinavian languages and the ulterior etymology is unclear, but it is usually related to Lat. fatigo 'tire' and fames ‘hunger’ from the IE root *dhe-. Alternatively, Mag. suggests Gmc *dwas-, *dwēs as in OE dwǣs ‘dull, foolish, stupid’ (see Kroonen s.v. *dwēsa), with loss of /w/, comparing Far fósin ‘dreary’.

PGmc Ancestor


Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

*dasa, cp. dasaðr ‘exhausted, worn out’, dasast 'to become weary'
(ONP dasa (v.))

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

Icel dasa, Norw dasa, Dan dase, Sw dasa

OE Cognate

Phonological and morphological markers

Summary category



ME citations in OED and MED are predominantly N/EM.

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

Pe 1085; Cl 1538; Pat 383; WA 3044, 3997

The A MS of WA reads <darid> at 3044.


MED dāsen (v.) , OED dazed (adj.)[ http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/47578?redirectedFrom=dazed&], HTOED , EDD daze (v. and sb.), Bj. 233, de Vries dasast, Mag. dasa