adj., v. (pres. 3 pl., pp.)

WA buwne, bowne, pres. 3 sg. bounes, bownes, bownez, pp. boune

'prepare, place, present'

(Modern English )


The ME v. bounen is formed on boun (adj.).

PGmc Ancestor

*bō(w)an or *bū(w)an-

Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

búinn ‘ready, prepared, finished, willing, favourably disposed (towards sth.)’
(ONP búa (2) (vb.); -búinn (adj.))

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

OE Cognate

cp. būan (v.) ‘to dwell, inhabit’

Phonological and morphological markers

Summary category



Most of MED's citations, beginning in the latter part of the 14c., are from N alliterative poetry. N and Sc in MnE, perhaps revived by Sir Walter Scott (OED, EDD)

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

Cl 1398; WA 218, 768, 1116 etc.

On the glossing of this word in the context of Cl 1398, see Vant.


MED bǒunen (v.) , OED boun (v.) , HTOED , EDD boun (v.); see further boun (adj.).