adj., v. (pres. 3 sg.)

Pat ptcp. adj. daschande


(Modern English dash)


An ON etymon is often postulated for this v. because it does not occur before the 13c. and similar sound sound-symbolic formations can be found in modern Scandinavian languages, e.g Sw daska 'slap'. As Dance (2003: 456) notes (and McGee also acknowledges, although he maintains a Scandinavian origin is most likely), however, spellings like this one in <sch> seem to stand for a palatalised consonant, and there are no unambiguous ME spellings of this verbal root indicating /sk/ (early ME forms in <sc> could be interpreted either way).  The best explanation is, therefore, that this word represents a parallel native formation (cp. also Ger dial ta(t)schen 'clap').

PGmc Ancestor

Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

(ONP )

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

Dan daske, Sw daska

OE Cognate

Phonological and morphological markers

Summary category



MED has widespread attestations (incl. spellings in <sc>) of this v. from c. 1300 onwards.

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

Pat 312; WA 3882


MED dashen (v.) , OED dashing (adj.) , dash (v.1) , HTOED , HTOED , Nielsen daske, Hellquist daska