(Modern English )


Always derived from ON, cp. vindáss 'windlass', probably via AN windas. The compound is formed from the ON reflexes of PGmc *wendan- (cp. Go us-windan 'to twine, plait', bi-windan 'to wind, wrap', OIcel vinda 'to ring, twist', OE windan 'to plait, curl, twist', OFris winda, OS windan 'to turn, move', OHG wintan) and the masc. n. *ansaz (cp. Go ans 'beam', OIcel áss 'pole, rafter', MHG ans-boum 'beam of a bridge').

PGmc Ancestor

*wendan- + *ansaz

Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

vindáss 'windlass'
(ONP vindáss (sb.))

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

Icel vindás

OE Cognate

Phonological and morphological markers

[ON consonant cluster assimilation] (possibly diagnostic)

Summary category




OED and MED have citations from a variety of texts, beginning with (1293) *Acc.Exch.K.R.

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

Pat 103


MED windas (n.) , OED windas (n.) , Bj. 98, de Vries vindáss, Mag. vindás, Orel *ansaz, *wenđanan, Kroonen *ansa-, *windan-