'acquire, earn (for themselves)' (Modern English addle)
Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)
ǫðlask 'to win, gain as property, get for oneself'
(ONP ǫðla (vb.))
Other Scandinavian Reflexes
Icel öðlast, Norw odla
geæþelian 'ennoble, make excellent'
Phonological and morphological markers
First attested in Orrm, with citations exclusively from N/EM texts in ME from MED and OED3. Widely attested in MnE dial, incl. Nhp. and War., but most frequent in N (see EDD, OED3).
Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus
The D MS of WA reads attelland a mede at 3191 for A MS adill þaim a mede. TPD (3319n) allow that the A MS reading 'could be correct', but note that the sense 'expecting' is otherwise unrecorded for attle (v.) and argue instead that the reading in D came about as an attempt to avoid this rare v.