v. (pp.)

'burnt' (Modern English kind)


Always derived from ON, cp. kynda 'kindle, light a fire' < a PGmc wk. v. *kunđjan- (cp. MHG künten 'kindle') of obscure ult. etymology (see further Kroonen). The more common ME reflex is kindelen (see kindill (v.)).

PGmc Ancestor


Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

kynda 'kindle, light a fire'
(ONP kynda (vb.))

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

Far kynda, Icel kynda, Norw kynda, Sw dial kynda

OE Cognate

Phonological and morphological markers

Summary category



Only three instances of this form of the v. are cited in MED and OED, all from N texts: c1350 Cum maker (Bod 425), WA and SJ. Attested in modern dial from the N and Sc (see EDD). See also kindill (v.).

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

WA 2247

The D MS of WA has the variant kyndlett (v.) at 2247.