Showing 1 to 50 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
ware (2) v. 'were' váru 'were' A1*c *wēr- Far vóru, Icel voru, Norw var, Dan var, Sw var Pe 142, 151, 1027 etc.; Cl  928; WA 3, 13, 33 etc. View
gunnes n. guns 'war engines' Gunnhildr (gunnr 'war' (poetic) + hildr 'battle') A1* *gunþz WA 2227 View
whirre n. whirr 'crash, rush' cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c WA 560, 1854 View
whirres v. whirr 'let off (arrows) with a whizzing sound, move together noisily'  cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra WA 1414, 1556, 2226 View
garysoun n. garrison ‘keepsake, treasure’ cp. gersemi, gersimi, giersom (etc.) (or gør-) ‘costly thing, jewel, treasure (literal and figurative)’  FCC3 *warjan-  cp. Far gersemi, gersimi, Icel gersemi,  Dan gørsum, OSw gärsimi, görsum, görsim Gaw 1255, 1807, 1837; WA 1074, 1662, 1809 etc. View
snape n. 'poor pasture' cp. snapa 'to sniff, snuffle' B2c *snapp- Icel snöp WA 1560 View
sleghtly adv. cp. slægð (n.) ‘slyness, cunning’ C1c *slōg- WA 2057, 2870 View
scautand adj., v. ? 'venomous, jutting out' cp. skjóta 'shoot, push, shove', skota 'shove', skúta 'jut out' DD1c ?*skeutan- WA 4200 View
skere n. scare 'fear' cp. skirra (v.) 'bar, prevent', cp. skirrask 'shun, skrink from' A1c *skerr(j)an- WA 4731 View
pike n. pike 'hill' cp. pík  'pointed stick' CC3b *pīk- Far pík, Icel pík, Norw pik, Dan pig, Sw pik WA 4818 View
lasse n. lass 'girl' cp. lǫskr (adj.) 'weak, idle' D1c ?*lask- MSw lösk WA 3746 View
claggid adj., v. ?'clogged, crammed' cp. kleggi 'horsefly'  CC2c ?*klaij- ODan klæg, Dan klæg  WA 5429 View
nekard n. ?niggard ?'weakling, mean person' cp. hnøggr (adj.) DD2 ?*xnaww- Far nøggur, Icel hnøggur, Norw nøgg, Dan nygger, Sw njugg, Sw dial nagg, nägg WA 1742 View
gremly adj. 'terrible' cp. gremi (n.) ‘wrath, anger’, gremja (v.) 'to anger, provoke' CC1ac *grama- or *gramjan- WA 726* View
twynne v. twin 'to be separated, part, depart' cp. tvennr, tvinnr ‘twofold, double’ CC1 *twizn- or *twi-n- Far tvinnur, Icel tvennur, Norw tvinn, tvenne, ODan tvinnæ, tvænnæ, Dan tvende, OSw tvænne, tvinn-, Sw tvenne, tvänne Gaw 2512; Cl 402 View
trascheʒ n. trash ?'old shoes'
 
cp. tros 'droppings, rubbish' DD1 *trus- Norw dial trask; cp. Icel tros, Norw tros, ODan tros, Dan dial tros, Sw tross, Sw dial tråss Cl 40 View
slentyng n. ‘slanting flight, shooting’, or perhaps ‘sleet’? cp. sletta (v.) ‘to slap, dab’ BB2 *slent- or *slant- Far sletta, Icel sletta, Norw sletta; Norw sletta, Norw dial slinta, Dan slente, Sw slinta; Far slettingur , Icel slettingur  Gaw 1160 View
scelt v. ?'hasten; break out, begin; raise, mock, revile' cp. skella 'make to slam, clash; strike; scold; burst (out)' D1c *skaljan- or *skellan- cp. Far skella, Icel skella, Norw skjella, Dan skjede, Sw skälla Cl 827, 1186, 1206 etc.; ; Erk 278 View
romys v. 'roars' cp. róma 'give assent by shouting, approve of', rómr (n.) 'voice, applause, response' DD1c cp. Icel róma; Far rómur, Icel rómur WA 612 View
oddely adv. oddly 'exceptionally, absolutely; remarkably' cp. odda-, oddi (n.) 'triangle, point (of land); (metaphorically) odd number' A1*c *uzd- Cl 698, 923; WA 275 View
moulynge n., v. 'mould, mouldiness' cp. mygla (v.) 'to grow muggy or musty' B1 cp. Icel mygla, Norw mygla, ODan mul, Dan dial mugle, OSw möghla, Sw mögla, Sw dial mögel Erk 86 View
rapely adv. rapely ‘hastily, quickly, rashly' cp. hrapalliga 'hurriedly, headlong'  B2a *xrap-  Sw dial. rap, rapp ‘quick’  Gaw 2219; Pe 363, 1168 View
haspe v. hasp ‘to clasp, fasten’ cp. hespa (n.) ‘wisp or skein of wool; hasp, fastening’ CCC2 *xasp- Far hespa, Icel hespa, Norw hespe, hespa, Dan haspe, Sw hasp Gaw 281, 590, 607, etc.; Cl 419; Pat 381 View
vnhaspe v. 'disclose' cp. hespa (n.) ‘wisp or skein of wool; hasp, fastening’ CCC2c *xasp- Cl 688 View
golanand adj., v. 'howling' cp. gaula ‘to low, bellow, howl’ D1c cp. Far geyla, Icel gaula, Norw gaula, Sw gjöla WA 4796 View
ar v. are 'are' cp. eru 'are' CCC5 *ar-  Gaw 207, 280, 1094, etc.; Pe 384, 402, 628 etc.; Cl 8, 15, 55, etc.; Pat 13, 15; Erk 164; WA 1, 12, 14 etc. View
dok n. dock ‘tail’ or perhaps ‘trimmed hair (of tail, etc.)’  cp. dokk, dokka 'windlass' B2 *ðukk- Icel dokkur, Norw dokke; Icel dokk, Norw dokka, Sw docka Gaw 193 View
borne n. burn 'stream' cp. brunnr, bruðr ‘well-spring, spring, stream; source, origin; well, reservoir, watering place’ CCC5 *ƀrunn- Far brunnur, Icel brunnur, Norw brunn, brynn, Dan brønd, Sw brunn Gaw 731, 1570, 2174; Pe 974; Cl 482 View
þrast n. threst, thrast 'thrust' cp. þrýsta (v.) ‘to thrust, press; compress, strain heavily; force, compel’ CC3 *þraistjan-  Far trýsta, Icel þrýsta, Norw trysta, ODan tryste, Dan tryste, OSw trysta, MSw thrysta, Sw tryste Gaw 1443; Cl 952; WA 554 View
kay adj. kay, key 'left' ?keikr ‘bent backward’ B1c ?*kai- or *kai-k ?Icel keikur, Norw keik, Dan dial kei ‘left hand’  Gaw 422 View
eggyng n. egging

'urging'

OIcel eggja 'sharpen; egg on, goad, incite'

C2

*agjōjan-

Far eggja, Icel eggja, Norw eggja, Dan ægge, Sw ägge

Cl 241

View
melle n.

inn ~ ‘in the midst, on all sides, among ourselves, among’

nom. sg. meðal-

A1*c

dat. sg. of PGmc *meðal-

Far meðal, miðil, Icel meðal, ODan and Sw medel; Far millin, millum, Ice milli, Norw mellan, Dan mellom, mellem, Sw mellan

Gaw 1451; Pe 1127; WA 4263, 4613

View
nabb n. nab

'rock'

Nabbi (dwarf name)

C1c

*naƀ-

Icel nabbi, Norw nabb, nabbe, Dan nabbe, Sw nabbe

WA 5495

View
mosse n. moss

'moss, lichen'

mosi 'bog, moorland; moss'

CCC3ab

*musa(n)-

Far mosi, Icel mosi, Norw mose, Dan mos, mose, OSw mos, mose, Sw mossa, mosse

Gaw 745

View
lygyngeʒ n., v.

'dwellings'

liggja (v.) ' to lie'

DD2ac

*legjan-

Far liggja, Icel liggja, Norw liggja, Dan ligge, Sw ligga

Pe 935

View
sylkyn adj. silken

'silk'

cp. silki (n.) 'silk'

CC2

Far silki, Icel silki, Norw silke, Dan silke, Sw silke

Gaw 610; WA 236, 1520, 5295

View
mensked v. mensk

'honour, reverence; adorn'

cp. mennska ‘humanity, generosity’ 

C2

*manniska-

Far (ó)menska, Icel mennska, ODan men(i)ske, OSw mænksa

Gaw 153; Cl 118, 141; Erk 258, 269; WA 4492, 4591, 5342

View
menskful adj.

'of worth, noble'

cp. mennska ‘humanity, generosity’ 

C2

*manniska-

Far (ó)menska, Icel mennska, ODan men(i)ske, OSw mænksa

Gaw 555, 1268, 1809; WA 2953

View
menskefully adv.

'gracefully'

cp. mennska ‘humanity, generosity’ 

C2c

*manniska-

Far (ó)menska, Icel mennska, ODan men(i)ske, OSw mænksa

Erk 50; WA 737*

View
herber v. harbour, habor

'to lodge'

cp. herbergja ‘to harbour a person; lodge, take in’

CCC4a

*xarjaz + *ƀerʒō 

Far herbergi, Icel herbergi, Norw herbyrgi, Dan herberg(e), Sw härberge

Gaw 805, 2481 

View
flosed v.

'fell in strands'

cp. flosna 'hang loose, wither', flosa 'slice, shell'

D1c

*flus-

Far flosna, Icel flosna, Norw flosna; Icel flosa, Norw flose, flose

Cl 1689

View
skitly adv.

'swiftly'

cp. skjótr (adj.) ‘quick’

A1*c

*skeutaz

WA 5040

View
vnhappy adj. unhappy

'unfortunate, wretched'

cp. happ (n.) ‘good luck, chance’; cp. óhapp (n.) ‘bad fortune’

C1

*xap(p)- 

WA 713, 1375, 4482

View
glauereʒ v. ?glaver

'deceives'

cp. glaðr (adj.) 'glad'

DD1

?*glaða-

Pe 688

View
warþe n. warth

?'ford, shore'

cp. vað ‘wading place, ford’

CC3c

*waruþaz 

Far vað, Icel vað, Norw vad, ODan vad, Dan vad, Sw vad

Gaw 715

View
swayf n.

'swinging blow'

cp. sveif 'tiller'

A1ac

*swaif-

Norw dial sveifa; cp. Far sveiv, Icel sveif, Norw sveiv, Sw dial svev

Cl 1268

View
swayues v.

'sweeps'

cp. sveif 'tiller'

A1ac

*swaif-

Norw dial sveifa

Pat 253

View
slente n. slent

'slope'

cp. sletta (v.) ‘to slap, dab’

BB2c

*slent- or *slant-

Far sletta, Icel sletta, Norw sletta; Norw sletta, Norw dial slinta, Dan slente, Sw slinta; cp. Norw slent, Sw slänt

Pe 141

View
withalle adv. withal

‘entirely, altogether’

cp. með ǫllu ‘altogether, quite’ 

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 106, 1926

View
lakked v. lacked

‘offended against; found fault with; (impers.) were at fault’

cp. lakr (adj.) 'lacking, defective', mállaki (n.) ‘defect of the speech organs’

BBB2a

*lak-

cp. Far lakur, Icel lakur, Norw ilak, ODan illake, Sw elak

Gaw 1250, 2366; Cl 723

View
Word
Etymology