Showing 1 to 50 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
ʒol n. yule

'Yule, Christmas'

 jól 'Yule, Christmas'

CC2c

*jexwl- or *jegwl-

Far jól, Icel jól, Norw jôl, Dan jul, Sw jul

Gaw 284, 500

View
ʒaule v. yawl 'to yowl, howl' gaula ‘to low, bellow, howl’ BB2ac ?*gaul- Far geyla, Icel gaula, Norw gaula, Sw gjöla Gaw 1453 View
ʒette v. yate 'to grant' játa or játta ‘to say yes, assent, acknowledge, grant, yield’ B2ac ?*jē + -at(j)an or *jextō(j)anan  Icel játa, Norw jata, ODan jate, OSw jata, jæta; Far játta, Icel játta, Norw jatta, ODan jætte, jatte, OSw jatta Gaw 776; Pe 558 View
ʒarmand v. yarm, yirm, yerm 'howl' jarma 'to bleat' C2c *erma- Far jarma, Icel jarma, Norw jarma, jerma, ODan jarme, Sw dial jarma, järma WA 4745 View
ʒarm n. yarm 'clamour' jarmr 'bleating' C2c *erma- Far jarm(an), Icel jarmur, Norw jerm Cl 971 View
ʒayned v. yain

‘met, greeted’

gegna ‘to meet, pay, discharge, be fitting, signify’

CCC3a

*gagnjan-

Far gegna, Icel gegna, Norw gjegna, Dan gjenne, Sw dial gena

Gaw 1724

View
wrang adv. wrong

‘unjustly, wrongly’

vrangr, rangr (adj.) ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang-

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Pe 488, 614; Cl 891

View
wrang adj. wrong

'evil, perverted; wrong; (in the) wrong'

vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang- 

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Gaw 1494; Cl 268; Pat 384; Erk 236

View
wrange n. wrong 'wrongdoing, injustice; harm, evil, hurt, sorrow' vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’ C1 *wrang-  Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång Pe 15, 631; Cl 76; Pat 376; Erk 243 View
wro n. wro

'nook, corner, seculed place, passage'

, ‘corner, nook’

A1bc

*wranxō

Far vrá, Icel , Norw ro, Dan vrå, Sw vrå

Gaw 2222; Pe 866; WA 1585, 4190 

View
won (2) n. wone ‘course (of action); multitude, host’ ván ‘hope, expectation, expected place’ A1* *wēnō Far vón, ván, Icel von, Norw vôn, ODan vån, OSw van, Sw dial vån, von Gaw 1238, 1269  View
won (1) n. wone ‘dwelling, abode; city’ ván ‘hope, expectation, expected place’ A1* *wēnō Far vón, ván, Icel von, Norw vôn, ODan vån, OSw van, Sw dial vån, von Gaw 257, 685, 739, etc.; Pe 32, 917, 924, etc.; Cl 140, 311, 375 etc.; Pat 69, 346, 436, etc.; WA 134 etc. View
wondered v. wonder

‘made wonder, surprised (impers.)’

undra ‘to wonder at a person or thing’

CC3

*wunðran

Far undrast, Icel undra(st), Norw undra, Sw undra

Gaw 1201

View
withalle adv. withal

‘entirely, altogether’

cp. með ǫllu ‘altogether, quite’ 

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 106, 1926

View
with prep. with

'with (etc.)'

við (with dat.) ‘against, towards, along with, with (instr.)’, (with acc.) ‘by, at, close to; at, to; together with’

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 9, 32, 38, etc.; Pe 40, 183, 200, etc.; Cl 19, 58, 214 etc.; Pat 2, 24, 36, etc.

View
wynge n. winges 'wing; area, district, outlying part' vængr 'wing' B1 Far vongur, Icel vængur, Norw veng, ODan wingæ, Dan vinge, OSw vinge, Sw vinge Pe 93; Cl 475, 1484; WA 413, 1051, 1769, etc.  View
wyndow n. window

'window'

vind-auga ‘window’ 

A1*

*wenðaz + *augōn

Far vindeyga, Icel vindauga, Norw vindauga, Dan vindue, Sw dial vindöga

Gaw 1743; Cl 318, 453

View
wynne v. win ‘to get with effort (to), reach (intrans.), attain; come, go; bring’ vinna ‘to work, labour, till, cultivate; work, perform; win, gain; conquer, vanquish; avail; withstand; suffer, undergo’; vinna til ‘to reach (to)' (Zoëga sense 11) CC3ac *wennan- Far vinna, Icel vinna, Norw vinna, Dan vinde, Sw vinna Gaw 461, 1365, 1537, etc.; Pe 32, 107, 517, etc.; Cl 112, 140, 882, etc.; Pat 106, 237 View
wyly adj. wily

'wily'

(4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’ 

DD1

(1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl

(4) Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 1728, 1905

View
wylsum adj. wilsome ‘bewildering, leading one astray’ villr ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’ A1*c *welþja- Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild Gaw 689 View
wylt v. will ‘strayed, escaped’ villa ‘to bewilder, falsify’ A1*c *welþja- runic Norw wiltiʀ, Far villa, Icel villa, Norw villa, Dan vilde, Sw villa Gaw 1711; WA 2984, 4132 View
wylle adj., n. will (1) 'going astray, erring, going wrong'; (2) 'wilfulness' (1a) villr (adj.) ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’; (1b) villa (n.) 'going astray; error, falsehood' DD2 (1) *welþjaz; (2)*weljōn, *welan (1a) Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild; (1b) Far villa, Icel villa, Norw villa, Sw villa Cl 76 View
wylle adj. will ‘wandering, perplexing; at a loss’ villr ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’ A1*c *welþja- Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild Gaw 2084; WA 1272; Pat 473 View
wilily adv. wilily 'with guile' (4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’  DD1 (1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl WA 1764 View
wyles n. wile

'wiles'

(4) vél ‘wile, device, trick’ 

DD1c

(1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl

(4) Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 1700, 1711, 2415 etc.; WA 416, 1363, 1764 etc.

View
wylyde adj. wild

(1a) ‘wild, i.e. licentious, amorous’, (1b) ‘cruel’ (~ werke ‘cruel act’);  (2) ‘choice’ (~ werke ‘choice handiwork’);  (3a) ‘guileful’ (~ werke ‘intrigue’), (3b) ‘skilful’

(2) vildr (vilðr) ‘chosen, choice, good’; (3) ?vél ‘wile, device, trick’

DD2

(1) *welþja-; (2) *wel-; (3) (1) *wīl-, wīgel- or ?*wihl-

(2) Icel vildur, ODan vildh, MSw vilder, Sw dial viller; (3) ?Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 2367

View
wyʒtly adv. wightly 'bravely; swiftly’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 688; Cl 908; WA 120, 651, 1030, etc.  View
wyʒt adj. wight ‘lively, loud, valiant, strong, fierce; quick’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 119, 261, 1591; Pe 694; Erk 69; WA 765*, 1014, 1798 etc. View
wiʒt adv. wight ‘ardently; swiftly’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 1762; Cl 617; Pat 103 View
wykez n. wick, wike

'corners (of the mouth)'

vik, 'corner'; cp. munn-vik (n. pl.) 'the corners of the mouth'

C1c

*wik-

Far vik, Icel vik, Norw vik, Dan mundvig, OSw vik, MSw vik, Sw veck

Gaw 1572; Cl 1690

View
holsumly adv. wholesomely 'healthfully' heilsamr ‘salutary’; cp. heilsamliga 'uprightly' CCC1a *xaila- Far heilur, Icel heill, Norw heil, Dan hel, Sw hel Gaw 1731 View
whirres v. whirr 'let off (arrows) with a whizzing sound, move together noisily'  cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra WA 1414, 1556, 2226 View
whirre n. whirr 'crash, rush' cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c WA 560, 1854 View
wyrles v. whirl

'to whirl'

hvirfla ‘to whirl’

CC2a

*xwerƀan-, *xwerƀ-il-, ?*xwurƀ- 

Far hvirla, Icel hvirfla, Norw kvervla

Gaw 2222; Cl 475; WA 5297

View
wheþen adv. whethen ‘whence; from wherever’ hvaðan ‘whence’ B1c ?*xwan- or *xwað- Far hvaðan(i), Icel hvaðan, Norw kvadan, ODan hveden, Sw vadan Gaw 461, 871; WA 4192, 5216 View
wharred v. whar ‘whirred’ hverfa ‘to turn’ and hvirfla ‘to whirl’ BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra Gaw 2203 View
wela adv. wella

'very'

vei ‘woe’

CCC2c

*wai

Far vei, Icel vei, Norw vei, Dan ve, Sw ve

Gaw 518, 2084

View
wel-haled adj., v. well-haled ‘pulled up properly, drawn tight’ hala ‘to haul, pull’  BBB2a *xalōjan- Far hála, Icel hala, Norw hala, Dan hale Gaw 157 View
welcum v. welcome

'to welcome'

velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’

CCC4

*welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman- 

Icel velkominn, Norw velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen

Gaw 819, 1477, 1759 

View
welcum adj. welcome 'welcome' velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’ CCC4a *welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman-  Icel velkominn, Norw velkomen, velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen Gaw 252, 814, 835, etc.; Pe 399; Cl 813 View
weʒtes n. weights 'scales, balance; weight' vǽtt, vétt 'weight' CCC2c *wextiz Icel vætt, Norw vætt Cl 1734; WA 5473 View
wouen v. weave

'woven'

vefa 'to weave'

CCC1

*weƀan-

Far veva, Icel vefa, Norw veva, Dan væve, Sw väva

Gaw 2358

View
wayke adj. weak 'weak' veikr (veykr) ‘weak’  A1* *weik(w)a- Far veikur, Icel veikur, Norw veik, Dan veg, Sw vek Gaw 282; WA 1271, 2077, 3587 etc. View
wassayl interj. wassail

'wassail!, your health'

heill (adj.) 'hale, sound; whole, healed, etc.'

A1*

*wesan- + *xaila-

Far heilur, Icel heill, Norw heil, Dan hel, Sw hel

Cl 1506

View
warþe n. warth

?'ford, shore'

cp. vað ‘wading place, ford’

CC3c

*waruþaz 

Far vað, Icel vað, Norw vad, ODan vad, Dan vad, Sw vad

Gaw 715

View
warp v. warp

‘to cast; say, speak, utter; drive, put'

varpa ‘to throw, cast’

CC1c

*werpan- or *warpan-

Far varpa, Icel varpa, Norw varpa

Gaw 224, 1423, 2025 etc.; Pe 879; Cl 152, 213, 284, etc.; Pat 356; Erk 321

View
warke n. wark 'pain' verkr 'pain, inflamation' CC2c *warki- Far verkur, Icel verkur, Norw verk, Dan værk, Sw värk WA 539, 2811 View
ware (1) v. ware

‘to deal, deliver; spend, employ’ 

verja ‘to invest money, lay out; exert oneself’

CC3c

*warō(n) 

Far verja, Icel verja, Norw verja, Dan værge, OSw värja, Sw värja

Gaw 402, 1235, 2344 

View
worre adj., n. war, waur

'worse'

verri 'worse'

CC2ac

*werziz-

Far verri, Icel verri, Norw verre, Dan værre, Sw värre

Gaw 1588, 1591; Cl 719

View
wapped v. wap 'rushed, blew (in gusts), flung' vappa ‘to waddle’  DD1c (1) *wap- (1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp Gaw 1161, 2004; Cl 882; WA 2226 View
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