Showing 1 to 50 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
wythnay v.

'refuse, reject'

(2) cp. nei (interj.) 'no'

DD1

(2) *ni-aiw-

Pe 916

View
wytered v. 'informed' vitra 'manifest, inform', cp. vitr (adj.) ‘wise’ CC1 *wit- Icel vitra, Norw vitra, OSw vitra Cl 1587; Erk 185 View
wyter adv.

'plainly'

 vitr (adj.) ‘wise’, cp. vitrliga (adv.) ‘wisely, with wisdom’

CC1c

*wit-

Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter

Cl 1552

View
wyrles v. whirl

'to whirl'

hvirfla ‘to whirl’

CC2a

*xwerƀan-, *xwerƀ-il-, ?*xwurƀ- 

Far hvirla, Icel hvirfla, Norw kvervla

Gaw 2222; Cl 475; WA 5297

View
wynne v. win ‘to get with effort (to), reach (intrans.), attain; come, go; bring’ vinna ‘to work, labour, till, cultivate; work, perform; win, gain; conquer, vanquish; avail; withstand; suffer, undergo’; vinna til ‘to reach (to)' (Zoëga sense 11) CC3ac *wennan- Far vinna, Icel vinna, Norw vinna, Dan vinde, Sw vinna Gaw 461, 1365, 1537, etc.; Pe 32, 107, 517, etc.; Cl 112, 140, 882, etc.; Pat 106, 237 View
wynge n. winges 'wing; area, district, outlying part' vængr 'wing' B1 Far vongur, Icel vængur, Norw veng, ODan wingæ, Dan vinge, OSw vinge, Sw vinge Pe 93; Cl 475, 1484; WA 1051, 1769, 2709, etc.  View
wyndow n. window

'window'

vind-auga ‘window’ 

A1*

*wenðaz + *augōn

Far vindeyga, Icel vindauga, Norw vindauga, Dan vindue, Sw dial vindöga

Gaw 1743; Cl 318, 453

View
wyndas n.

'windlass'

vindáss 'windlass'

C2

*wendan- + *ansaz

Icel vindás

Pat 103

View
wylyde adj. wild

(1a) ‘wild, i.e. licentious, amorous’, (1b) ‘cruel’ (~ werke ‘cruel act’);  (2) ‘choice’ (~ werke ‘choice handiwork’);  (3a) ‘guileful’ (~ werke ‘intrigue’), (3b) ‘skilful’

(2) vildr (vilðr) ‘chosen, choice, good’; (3) ?vél ‘wile, device, trick’

DD2

(1) *welþja-; (2) *wel-; (3) (1) *wīl-, wīgel- or ?*wihl-

(2) Icel vildur, ODan vildh, MSw vilder, Sw dial viller; (3) ?Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 2367

View
wyly adj. wily

'wily'

(4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’ 

DD1

(1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl

(4) Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 1728, 1905

View
wylt v. will ‘strayed, escaped’ villa ‘to bewilder, falsify’ A1*c *welþja- runic Norw wiltiʀ, Far villa, Icel villa, Norw villa, Dan vilde, Sw villa Gaw 1711; WA 2984, 4132 View
wylsum adj. wilsome ‘bewildering, leading one astray’ villr ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’ A1*c *welþja- Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild Gaw 689 View
wylle adj., n. will (1) 'going astray, erring, going wrong'; (2) 'wilfulness' (1a) villr (adj.) ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’; (1b) villa (n.) 'going astray; error, falsehood' DD2 (1) *welþjaz; (2)*weljōn, *welan (1a) Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild; (1b) Far villa, Icel villa, Norw villa, Sw villa Cl 76 View
wylle adj. will ‘wandering, perplexing’ villr ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’ A1*c *welþja- Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild Gaw 2084; WA 1272; Pat 473 View
wyles n. wile

'wiles'

(4) vél ‘wile, device, trick’ 

DD1c

(1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl

(4) Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 1700, 1711, 2415 etc.; WA 416, 1363, 1764 etc.

View
wykez n. wick, wike

'corners (of the mouth)'

vik, 'corner'; cp. munn-vik (n. pl.) 'the corners of the mouth'

C1c

*wik-

Far vik, Icel vik, Norw vik, Dan mundvig, OSw vik, MSw vik, Sw veck

Gaw 1572; Cl 1690

View
wyʒtly adv. wightly 'bravely; swiftly’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 688; Cl 908; WA 120, 651, 1030, etc.  View
wyʒt adj. wight ‘lively, loud, valiant, strong, fierce; quick’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 119, 261, 1591; Pe 694; Erk 69; WA 765*, 1014, 1798 etc. View
wro n. wro

'nook, corner, seculed place, passage'

, ‘corner, nook’

A1bc

*wranxō

Far vrá, Icel , Norw ro, Dan vrå, Sw vrå

Gaw 2222; Pe 866; WA 1585, 4190 

View
wrange n. wrong 'wrongdoing, injustice; harm, evil, hurt, sorrow' vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’ C1 *wrang-  Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång Pe 15, 631; Cl 76; Pat 376; Erk 243 View
wrang adv. wrong

‘unjustly, wrongly’

vrangr, rangr (adj.) ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang-

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Pe 488, 614; Cl 891

View
wrang adj. wrong

'evil, perverted; wrong; (in the) wrong'

vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang- 

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Gaw 1494; Cl 268; Pat 384; Erk 236

View
wouen v. weave

'woven'

vefa 'to weave'

CCC1

*weƀan-

Far veva, Icel vefa, Norw veva, Dan væve, Sw väva

Gaw 2358

View
woþe n.

'danger, peril'

váði ‘danger, peril; a dangerous object’

A1c

*waiwaðan or *waiwaþan 

Far váði, Icel voði, Norw våde, ODan wathæ, Dan våde, OSw vaþe, Sw våde

Gaw 222, 488, 1576, etc.; Pe 151, 375; Cl 855, 988; Erk 233

View
worre adj., n. war, waur

'worse'

verri 'worse'

CC2ac

*werziz-

Far verri, Icel verri, Norw verre, Dan værre, Sw värre

Gaw 1588, 1591; Cl 719

View
wont n. want

‘lack (of good things)’

 vanr (adj.) ‘lacking, wanting’

C1

*wan-

Icel vanur

Gaw 131

View
wont v. want

‘to want, lack, fall short of (impers.)’

vanta, ‘to want, lack’

C1

*wanaton-

Far vanta, Icel vanta, Norw vanta, ODan vante, Dan dial vante

Gaw 987, 1062, 2366; Pe 215; Cl 13, 739; Erk 208; WA 809*, 996, 1854 etc.

View
wondered v. wonder

‘made wonder, surprised (impers.)’

undra ‘to wonder at a person or thing’

CC3

*wunðran

Far undrast, Icel undra(st), Norw undra, Sw undra

Gaw 1201

View
won (2) n. wone ‘course (of action); multitude, host’ ván ‘hope, expectation, expected place’ A1* *wēnō Far vón, ván, Icel von, Norw vôn, ODan vån, OSw van, Sw dial vån, von Gaw 1238, 1269  View
won (1) n. wone ‘dwelling, abode; city’ ván ‘hope, expectation, expected place’ A1* *wēnō Far vón, ván, Icel von, Norw vôn, ODan vån, OSw van, Sw dial vån, von Gaw 257, 685, 739, etc.; Pe 32, 917, 924, etc.; Cl 140, 311, 375 etc.; Pat 69, 346, 436, etc. View
witter adj. 'knowing'  vitr ‘wise’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter WA 629 View
witnes v. 'give testimony to' vitna 'witness, attest' CC1 *wit- Far vitna, Icel vitna, Norw vitna, Dan vidne, Sw vittne WA 488, 1439, 1592 etc. View
withalle adv. withal

‘entirely, altogether’

cp. með ǫllu ‘altogether, quite’ 

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 106, 1926

View
with prep. with

'with (etc.)'

við (with dat.) ‘against, towards, along with, with (instr.)’, (with acc.) ‘by, at, close to; at, to; together with’

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 9, 32, 38, etc.; Pe 40, 183, 200, etc.; Cl 19, 58, 214 etc.; Pat 2, 24, 36, etc.

View
wilily adv. wilily 'with guile' (4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’  DD1 (1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl WA 1764 View
wiʒt adv. wight ‘ardently; swiftly’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 1762; Cl 617; Pat 103 View
whirres v. whirr 'let off (arrows) with a whizzing sound, move together noisily'  cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra WA 1414, 1556, 2226 View
whirre n. whirr 'crash, rush' cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c WA 560, 1854 View
wheþen adv. whethen ‘whence; from wherever’ hvaðan ‘whence’ B1c ?*xwan- or *xwað- Far hvaðan(i), Icel hvaðan, Norw kvadan, ODan hveden, Sw vadan Gaw 461, 871; WA 4192, 5216 View
whateʒ n., v.

(1) 'fortunes'; (2) 'runs'; (3) 'was'
 

(2) hvata 'to hasten, speed'

DD2

(1) *xwat-; (2) *xwata-

(2) hvata

Pe 1041

View
wharred v. whar ‘whirred’ hverfa ‘to turn’ and hvirfla ‘to whirl’ BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra Gaw 2203 View
weue v.

(1) ‘to go, pass, move to and fro; surge, swing; bring; offer, show (honour); give’; (2) ‘to weave, i.e. contrive’

(1) cp. veifa ‘to wave, vibrate, pull (trans.)’

D2

(1) *waiƀjan-; (2) *weƀan-

(1) Icel veifa, Norw veiva, Sw veva

Gaw 1976 2359; Pe 318, 976; Cl 422, 453, 857

View
weterly adv. 'clearly, surely; truly'  vitr (adj.) ‘wise’, cp. vitrliga (adv.) ‘wisely, with wisdom’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter Gaw 1706; Cl 171, 1567; Pat 330; Erk 183; WA 422 View
werle n.

(1a) ?'circlet, circular ornament'; (1b) 'circle, ring (of hair)'; (2) 'attire, covering'

hvirfill 'circle, ring, crown of the head'

D2

(1a) *xwarƀilaz; (1b) *xwerƀilaz; (2) *was(j)an-

Far hvir(v)il, Icel hvirfill, Norw kvirvel, kvervil, Dan hvirvel, Sw (h)virvel

Pe 209

View
werkis v. 'pains' virkja 'feel pain' CC2c *warkjan- Far virkja, Norw dial virkja WA 531 View
wener adj.

'more lovely'

 vænn ‘promising, likely to be expected; bidding fair, likely to succeed; (of persons) hopeful, promising; fair to behold, fine, beautiful’ 

CCC1

*wēni-

Far vænur, Icel vænn, Norw væn, ODan væn, Sw vän

Gaw 945

View
welcum v. welcome

'to welcome'

velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’

CCC4

*welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman- 

Icel velkominn, Norw velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen

Gaw 819, 1477, 1759 

View
welcum adj. welcome 'welcome' velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’ CCC4a *welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman-  Icel velkominn, Norw velkomen, velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen Gaw 252, 814, 835, etc.; Pe 399; Cl 813 View
wela adv. wella

'very'

vei ‘woe’

CCC2c

*wai

Far vei, Icel vei, Norw vei, Dan ve, Sw ve

Gaw 518, 2084

View
wel-haled adj., v. well-haled ‘pulled up properly, drawn tight’ hala ‘to haul, pull’  BBB2a *xalōjan- Far hála, Icel hala, Norw hala, Dan hale Gaw 157 View
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