Showing 601 to 650 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
scarreʒ v. scares 'take alarm, startle, fly' skirra 'bar, prevent', cp. skirrask 'shun, skrink from' A1c *skerr(j)an- Icel skirra, Norw skjerra, skirra, Sw skärra, Sw dial skjärra Cl 598, 838, 1784; WA 3865, 4802 View
scaþe n. scathe

'harm, injury, disaster, wrong, sin'

skaði ‘harm, damage’ 

A1*c

*skaþōn

Far skaði, Icel skaði, Norw skade, ODan skathi, Dan skade, OSw skaþi, Sw skada

Gaw 674, 2353; Cl 21, 151, 196 etc.; WA 3915

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scaþel adj.

'dangerous'

*skǫðull, cp. skaði (n.) 'harm, damage'

A1*c

*skaþula-

Pat 155; WA 2992, 4802

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scautand adj., v. ? 'venomous, jutting out' cp. skjóta 'shoot, push, shove', skota 'shove', skúta 'jut out' DD1c ?*skeutan- WA 4200 View
scelt v. ?'hasten; break out, begin; raise, mock, revile' cp. skella 'make to slam, clash; strike; scold; burst (out)' D1c *skaljan- or *skellan- cp. Far skella, Icel skella, Norw skjella, Dan skjede, Sw skälla Cl 827, 1186, 1206 etc.; ; Erk 278 View
schere v. shear

(1) 'to cut; meander along'; (2) 'make bright or pure'
 

(2) skǽrr 'bright, clear'

DD2

(1) *skeran-; (2) *skairi-

(2) Far skærur, Icel skær, Norw skjær, ODan skiær, Dan skær, OSw skær, Sw skär

Pe 165, 213

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schifted v. (1) shift; (2) shaft

(1) (*schifted) ‘shifted, declined’; (2) (MS schafted) (a) ‘beamed, shone forth’, (b) ‘set’

(1) skifta, skipta ''to order, arrange'

DD2

(1) *skiptian- or *skipatjan-; (2) *skaft-

(1) Far skifta, Icel skipta, skifta, Norw skifta, ODan skiftæ, Dan skifte, Sw skifta

Gaw 1467

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scho pron. she

'she'

(1) sjá ‘this’ 

DD1c

Gaw 969, 1259, 1550 etc.; Pe 758; WA 241, 257, 268 etc.

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scholes adj., n. (1) shoeless; (2) soles

(1) (adj.) ‘shoeless’;  (2) (n. pl.) ‘shoes with long pointed toes’; (3) (n. pl.) ‘thin plates (part of the horse’s armour)’; (4) (n. pl.) ‘protections under and inside the thighs’; (5) (n. pl.) ‘supports covering the sole of the foot’.

(1) skólauss 'shoeless'; (4) skál ‘bowl, hollow; scales’

DD2

(1) *skōhaz; (3) *skullōn; (4) *skēl-

(1) Far skógvur, Icel skór, Norw sko, Dan sko, Sw sko; (3) Sw skolla; (4) Far skál, Icel skál, Norw skål, Dan skål, Sw skål

Gaw 160

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schout n. shout

'shout'

skúta 'a taunt'

B1

*skūt-

Cl 840; WA 4730

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schowted v. shouted

'raise a loud cry, insult with shouts'

skúta 'a taunt'

B1

*skūt-

Pe 877; WA 929

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schrikis v. skrike 'shriek' skrækja 'screetch, skriek' BB2a *skrīkjan- Icel skrækja, Norw skrækja, Sw dial skräka WA 3866 View
schunt n. shunt

‘sudden jerk and swerve’

(1) skundi ‘speed’; cp. skunda (v.) ‘to speed, hasten’; (2)  skunda (v.) ‘to speed, hasten’

DD1c

(1) *skunð-; (2)?*skunōjan- 

(1) Far skundur, Icel skundi, Norw skunde

Gaw 2268

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schunt v. shunt ‘swerved; flinched’ (1) skunda ‘to speed, hasten’ DD1c (1) *skunð-; (2)?*skunōjan-  (1) Far skunda, Icel skunda, Norw skunda, Dan skynde, OSw skunda Gaw 1902, 2280; Cl 605 View
sckerres n. scar 'rocks' sker 'skerry, isolated rock in the sea' A1abc *skarjan Far sker, Icel sker, Norw skjer, Dan skær, Sw skär WA 4865 View
scoghe n. 'wood' skógr 'forest' A1bc *skōg- Far skógurskógbur, Icel skógur, Norw skog, Dan skov, Sw skog WA 3915, 4731, 5157 View
scole n. scale

'cup; scales'

skál 'bowl, scales'

A1a

*skēlō

Far skál, Icel skál, Norw skål, Dan skål, Sw skål

Cl 1145; WA 3895
 

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score n. 'sets of twenty' skor 'notch, incision, the number four hundred' A1c *skurō- Far skor, Icel skor, Norw skor, Sw dial skårr WA 1372, 3177, 4200 View
scowtes n. scout

'jutting rocks'

skúti ‘cave formed by jutting rocks’ 

A1bc

*skūtōn 

Far skúti, Icel skúti, Norw skût

Gaw 2167

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scrape v. scrape

‘to scrape, paw the ground’

skrapa ‘to scrape, clatter; scratch’

CC2

*skrapō(j)an-

Icel skrapa, Norw skrapa, Dan skrabe, Sw skrapa

Gaw 1571; Cl 1546

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*scrof adj.

'rough'

A1*c

*skurfa-

Icel skurfur, Norw skurv, ODan skurf, Dan skurv, Sw skorv

Cl 1546

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scutis v. scoot

'jut out'

skúta ‘jut out’

A1c

*skeutan-

Icel skúta, Norw skuta 

WA 4865

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scylful adj. skillful

'reasonable, righteous'

skil (pl.) ‘distinction, discernment (etc.)’

A1a

*skeli-

Far skil, Icel skil, Norw skil, Dan skel, Dan dial skil, OSw skil, Sw skäl

Cl 1148; Erk 278; WA 645

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seke v. seek 'seek, proceed, move, attack, etc.' sœkja 'seek, visit, advance, catch' CC2 *sōkjan- Far søkja, Icel sækja, Norw søkja, Dan søge, Sw söka WA 154, 908, 924 etc.  View
sekke n.

'(piece of ) sackcloth'

sekkr 'sackcloth'

C1c

*sakkiz

Far sekkur, Icel sekkur, Norw sekk, Dan sæk, Sw säck

Pat 382

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seme adj., adv. seem

‘seemly, fair, excellent; becomingly, fairly'

sœmr ‘becoming, fit’

C1ac

*sōmi-

Icel sæmur, Norw sømre, Sw dial sym

Gaw 1085; Pe 190, 1115; Cl 549, 1810

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seme v. seem ‘to beseem, suit, seem fitting; seem, appear’  sóma ‘to beseem, become, befit’; sœma ‘to honour’ C3 *sōmi- Icel sóma; Far, søma, Icel sæma, Norw søma, ODan søme, Dan sømme, OSw söma, syma Gaw 73, 201, 235, etc.; Pe 760; Cl 117, 416, 793; Erk 98; WA 70, 635, 716 etc. View
semly adj., n. seemly

‘seemly, fitting; comely, fair’

sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiligr ‘becoming’ 

C1a

*sōmi-

Icel sæmur, Norw sømre, Sw dial sym

Gaw 83, 348, 672, etc.; Pe 34, 45, 789; Cl 209, 262, 816 etc.; Erk 84; WA 238, 1281, 2003 etc.

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semly adv. seemly

‘becomingly, excellently; pleasantly, sweetly’

sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiliga ‘honourably, becomingly’ 

C1a

*sōmi-

Icel sæmur, Norw sømre, Sw dial sym

Gaw 865, 882, 888, etc.; Cl 1442; Erk 35; WA 198, 281, 424

View
semlyly adv. seemlily

'becomingly'

sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiliga ‘honourably, becomingly’ 

C1ac

*sōmi-

Icel sæmur, Norw sømre, Sw dial sym

Gaw 622

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sene adj., v. ‘visible, plain, clear; seen’ sýnn ‘visible, clear, evident; sightly’ CCC1a *segwni- or *sexwan- Icel sýnn, sýn, Norw syn, OSw syn Gaw 148, 197, 239, etc.; Pe 164, 194, 787, etc.; Cl 1169; Erk 100; WA 62, 1551 View
sere adv. sere 'in each case, severally, various, different' sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.), adv. A2c *sē-z Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, I sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär Gaw 632, 1522; WA 277 View
sere adj. sere ‘separate, individual; various, several’ sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.) A2c *sē-z Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, I sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär Gaw 124, 761, 822, etc.; Cl 336, 358, 507, etc.; Pat 12; WA 86, 570, 1083 View
serelepy adj. 'various, separate, different' sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.) A2c *sē-z WA 605, 4305, 4440 etc. View
serke n. sark

'undergarment' 

serkr 'long undershirt, nightshirt'

CC2c

*sarkiz

Far serkur, Icel serkur, Norw serk, ODan særk, Sw särk

WA 4339, 4672, 4963

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serlepes adj., adv.

‘separately, in turn; single, individual'

sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.)

A2c

*sē-z

Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, I sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär

Gaw 501; Pe 994

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*serly adv.

'severally, individually'

sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.), adv.; serliga (adv.) 'apart, particularly'

A2c

*sē-z

Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, i sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär

Cl 117; Pat 193

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sete n., v. (1) seat; (2) set, sit (1) 'seat, throne, place (at table)'; (2) 'to sit'; (3) 'to be seated' (1) and (3) sæti (n.) ‘seat’ D2 (1) *sētjan-; (2) *satjan- or *setjan-; (3) *sētjan- (1) and (3) Far sæti, Icel sæti, Norw sæte, ODan sæte, Dan sæde, OSw sǣte Sw säte Cl 1395 View
sete adj. sete

'fitting, excellent'

 sœtr 'sweet'

CCC3

*sēt- or *swot- 

Far søtr, Icel sætur, Norw søt, ODan søt, Dan sød, OSw söter, Sw söt

Gaw 889

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sete n. seat

'seat, throne, place at table, abode'

sæti ‘seat’ 

A1*

*sētjan

Far sæti, Icel sæti, Norw sæte, ODan sæte, Dan sæde, OSw sǣte Sw säte

Gaw 72, 493; Cl 37, 92, 176, etc.; Pat 24; WA 238, 482, 801* etc.

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sid-bordez n. sideboard 'side tables' borð 'board, plank, beam' CCC3 *bord- Far borð, Icel borð, Norw bord, Dan bord, Sw bord Gaw 115; Cl 1398 View
silk adj., n. silk ‘silk, piece of silk’ silki 'silk' CC2 Far silki, Icel silki, Norw silke, Dan silke, Sw silke Gaw 159, 164, 589, etc.; Cl 790; WA 2401, 4016, 4339 etc. View
sister-sunes n. sister

'sister's sons, nephews'

systir ‘sister’

A1*c

*swestēr, *swestōr

Far systir, Icel systir, runic Norw swestar, Norw syster, ODan runic systiʀ, ODan systir, systær, Dan søster, Sw syster

Gaw 111 

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skatheles adj. scatheless 'without injury' skaði ‘harm, damage’; cp. skaðlauss (adj.) 'unscathed, without loss' A1*c *skaþōn Norw skadesløs, ODan skathaløs, Sw skadeslös WA 2992 View
skathely adv.

'with injury'

skaði ‘harm, damage’ 

A1*

*skaþōn

WA 642

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skayned v.

‘grazed’

skeina ‘to scratch, wound slightly’

A1

*skainjan-

Far skeina, Icel skeina, Norw skeina, skjene, Sw dial skäin'

Gaw 2167

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skayued v. skayved

(a) ‘wild, desolate’, (b) ‘precipitously overhanging, threatening’, (c) ‘twisted’

skeifr ‘askew, oblique’

A1

*skaiba-

Far skeivur, Icel skeifur, Norw skeiv, ODan skev, Dan skæv, OSw skēver, Sw skev

Gaw 2167

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skere n. scare 'fear' cp. skirra (v.) 'bar, prevent', cp. skirrask 'shun, skrink from' A1c *skerr(j)an- WA 4731 View
skere adj.

'pure'

skærr ‘bright, clear, pure’

A1

*skairi- (or *skairja-)

Far skærur, Icel skær, Norw skjær, ODan skiær, Dan skær, OSw skær, Sw skär

Gaw 1261

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skete adj., adv.

'quickly'

skjótr ‘quick’

A1*c

*skeutaz

Far skjótur, Icel skjótur, Norw skjot, ODan skiud, OSw skiuter

Gaw 19; Cl 1186; Pat 195

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Etymology