Showing 651 to 700 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
skinnes n. skin

'skins'

skinn 'skin (of humans or animals), fur'

A1

*skenþan

Far skinn, Icel skinn, Norw skinn, Dan skind, Sw skinn

WA 4114, 5084

View
skitly adv.

'swiftly'

cp. skjótr (adj.) ‘quick’

A1*c

*skeutaz

WA 5040

View
skrike n. skrike 'shouting, cry' skrækja (v.) 'screetch, skriek' A1 *skrīkjan- WA 4721, 5157 View
skwe n. 'sky' skí ‘cloud’ (variant ský) A1*c *skiwi Far ský, skýggj, Icel ský, Norw sky, Dan sky, Sw sky Cl 483, 1206, 1759 etc. WA 561, 4865 View
skwez n. scu

(1) ‘shadows’;  (2) ‘precipitous banks; jagged faces’;  (3) ‘clouds’

(1) skuggi 'shadow'; (3) skí ‘cloud’ (variant ský)

D2

(1) *skuww-; (2) *skeuha-; (3) *skiwi

(1) Far skuggi, Icel skuggi, Norw skugge, Dan skygge, Sw skugga; (3) Far ský, skýggj, Icel ský, Norw sky, Dan sky, Sw sky

Gaw 2167

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skyfte v. skift 'shift, alternate, apportion, arrange' skifta, skipta ‘to divide; shift, change; exchange’  A1ac *skiptjan- or *skipatjan- Far skifta, Icel skipta, Norw skifta, ODan skiftæ, Dan skifte, OSw skipta, Sw skifta Gaw 19; Pe 569; Cl 709; WA 467, 4622, 5040 View
skyg adj.

?'particular'


 

D1c

?*skewwa-

cp. Norw dial skegg, Sw dial skegg

Cl 21

View
skyl n. skill

'reason, judgement; (that which is) reasonable; meaning; intention, purpose'

skil (pl.) ‘distinction, discernment (etc.)’

A1a

*skeli- 

Far skil, Icel skil, Norw skil, Dan skel, Dan dial skil, OSw skil, Sw skäl

Gaw 1296, 1509; Pe 54, 312, 674; Cl 151, 569, 709 etc.; WA 1575

View
skylly adj., n. 'wise, skilful; excuse, pretext' Cl 62, 529 View
skyre adj.

'bright'

skírr 'clear, bright, pure'

A1*c

*skīri-

Far skírur, Icel skír, Norw skir, OSw skir, Sw skir

Cl 1776; WA 467, 1824, 1924, etc.

View
skyrtez n. skirt

‘skirts, lower part of flowing garment or covering; flaps of a saddle, saddle-skirts’

skyrta ‘shirt, kind of kirtle’ 

A1*c

*skurtjōn

Far skjúrta, Icel skyrta, Norw skyrta, skjurta, ODan skyrtæ, skiortæ, Dan skjorte, OSw skyrta, skjurta, Sw skjorta

Gaw 171, 601, 865; WA 1533

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slaʒtir n. slaughter 'murder, deadly power, slaughter' slátr 'butcher's meat, slaughter' C1 *slaxt- Far slátur, Icel slátur, Norw slåtr WA 708, 3049, 4855 View
sleʒe adj. sly

'skilfully made'

 slœgr ‘sly, cunning’

C1

*slōg-

Icel slægur, Norw sløg, ODan sløv, MSw slögher, Sw dial sløg

Gaw 797, 893

View
sleghtly adv. cp. slægð (n.) ‘slyness, cunning’ C1c *slōg- WA 2057, 2870 View
sleʒly adv. slyly, slily

'(made) warily'

 slœgr ‘sly, cunning’; cp. slœgliga ‘slily, cunningly'

C1

*slōg-

Icel slægur, Norw sløg, ODan sløv, MSw slögher, Sw dial sløg

Gaw 1182; WA 2870

View
sleʒt n. sleight

‘cunning, skill; device, stratagem; act of practised skill’

slægð ‘slyness, cunning’

C1

*slōg-

Icel slægð, Norw sløgd, OSw slöghþ, Sw slögjd

Gaw 916, 1542, 1854, etc., Cl 1289; Pat 130; WA 38, 334, 1022 etc.

View
sleke v. sleck 'extinguish, slake, diminish to nothing' sløkkva 'extinguish, put out; slake, quench' CC2c *slakwjan- Far sløkkja, Icel slökkva, Norw sløkkva, sløkkja, Sw dial slick Cl 708; Erk 331 View
slente n. slent

'slope'

cp. sletta (v.) ‘to slap, dab’

BB2c

*slent- or *slant-

Far sletta, Icel sletta, Norw sletta; Norw sletta, Norw dial slinta, Dan slente, Sw slinta; cp. Norw slent, Sw slänt

Pe 141

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slentyng n. ‘slanting flight, shooting’, or perhaps ‘sleet’? cp. sletta (v.) ‘to slap, dab’ BB2 *slent- or *slant- Far sletta, Icel sletta, Norw sletta; Norw sletta, Norw dial slinta, Dan slente, Sw slinta; Far slettingur , Icel slettingur  Gaw 1160 View
slik adj., pron. 'such' slíkr (adj.) 'such' A1*c *swa-līkaz Far slíkur, Icel slíkur, Norw slik, Dan slig, Sw slik WA 11, 38, 62 etc. View
slokes n., v. slock

(1) (a) (v., imp. pl.) ‘stop, enough!’, (b) (v., pres. 2 sg.) ‘you are dawdling’, (c) (n., pl.) ‘stops’ (bot ~, ‘without stops, continuously’);  (2) (v., pres. 2 sg.) ‘thou remainest idle, inactive’.

(1) slokinn ‘slaked, extinguished’; (2a) sloka ‘to slop’; (2b) slókr ‘a slouching fellow’

D2

(1) *sluk- ; (2a) *sluk-; (2b) *slōk- (cp. *slaka-)

(1) Icel slokinn, OSw slukin; (2a) Icel sloka; (2b) Icel slókur, Norw slōk, Sw slok, Jutland slog; cp. (v.) Norw dial slōka, Sw sloka

Gaw 412

View
slyʒt adj. slight

'slender'

sléttr 'plain, flat, even, smooth, level'

CC4c

*slixta-

Far slættur, Icel sléttur, Norw slett, ODan slæt, Dan slet, Sw slät, Sw dial sljett

Pe 190

View
smyles v. smile 'smiles' BB2a *smeil- Norw smile, ODan smīle, Dan smile, Sw smila WA 2461, 2725 View
snape n. 'poor pasture' cp. snapa 'to sniff, snuffle' B2c *snapp- Icel snöp WA 1560 View
snart adj.

'sharp'

snarr ‘hard-twisted (rope); swift, keen; soon’

A2*c

*snarxa-

Far snarur, Icel snar, runic Norw (n. pl) snAreʀ, Norw snar, Dan snar, Sw snar

WA 3633

View
snart adv.

'bitterly'

snarr ‘hard-twisted (rope); swift, keen; soon’

A2*c

*snarxa-

Far snarur, Icel snar, runic Norw (n. pl) snAreʀ, Norw snar, Dan snar, Sw snar

Gaw 2003

View
snayped v. snape

‘nipped cruelly’

sneypa ‘to outrage, dishonour, disgrace’ 

A1c

*snaupjan- 

Icel sneypa, Norw snøypa, OSw snöpa, Sw snöpa

Gaw 2003; WA 3633, 3995

View
snitered v. snitter

?‘came shivering down’

(2) cp. snið (n.) ‘slice’

DD1c

(2) *snitt-

 (1) Norw dial snitra; (2) Far snið, Icel snið, Norw snid, ODan snid, sned, MSw snidh, Sw dial sned 

Gaw 2003

View
snyrt v. 'snicked, cut lightly' snerta, 'to touch, concern' BB2c *sner- Icel snerta, Norw snerta, Sw dial snärta Gaw 2312 View
soerly adj., adv. (1) 'filthy, base'; (2) 'severally, individually' (1) saurligr (adj.) 'unclean'; (2) sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.), adv.; serliga (adv.) 'apart, particularly' D2 (1) *saur-; (2) *sē-z (1) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör; (2) Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, i sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär (1) Cl 117; (2) Cl 117; Pat 193 View
sopp n. 'company' soppr 'ball' A1 *swumpaz Far soppur, Icel soppur, Norw sopp, Sw dial sopp, supp WA 2351 View
sorʒe n. 'muck, filth' (1) saurgan (n.) 'pollution, defilement', cp. saurigr (adj.) 'filthy, dirty'; (2) cp. saurr (n.) 'mud, dirt' D2 (1) *saur-; (2) *surgō- (1) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör Cl 75, 846; Pat 275 View
soþen v. seethe

'boiled'

sjóða 'to cook (etc.)'

CCC2

*seuþan-

Far sjóða, Icel sjóða, Norw sjoda, sjoa, Dan syde, Sw sjuda

Gaw 892

View
sour adj. (1) sour

'bitter, acid, vile'

(2) saurr (n.) 'mud, dirt', saurigr (adj.) 'filthy, dirty'

DD2

(1) *sūraz; (2) *saur-

(2) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör

Cl 192, 1036

View
spak adv.

'smartly'

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'

B1

Far spakur, Icel spakur, Norw spak, ODan spak, Dan spag, OSw skaper, Sw spak

Pat 104

View
spakest adj., n. spack

 'cleverest (one)'

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'

B1

Far spakur, Icel spakur, Norw spak, ODan spak, Dan spag, OSw skaper, Sw spak

Pat 169

View
spakid v.

'became calm' (reflexive)

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'; cp. spekja 'calm, soothe, keep quiet'

B1

cp. Far spekja, Icel spekja, Norw spekkja, Dan spæge, Sw späka

WA 237

View
spakly adv.

'readily, willingly, quickly'

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise', cp. spakliga (adv.) 'peaceably, wisely'

B1


 

Far spakur, Icel spakur, Norw spak, ODan spak, Dan spag, OSw skaper, Sw spak; cp. MSw spaklika, Sw spakliga

Cl 755; Pat 338; Erk 335; WA 786, 2975

View
*sparred v. (1) spar; (2) speed

(1) (*sparred) ‘sprang’;  (2) (*sped(e) (him)) ‘hastened’

(1a) sparra 'to stretch out (the legs)’, sperrask ‘to struggle (by putting the feet out)’; (1b) sparra ‘to raise the spars in a house; to stretch out the legs like rafters’, sperrask ‘to struggle by putting the feet out like spars’

DD2

(1a) *sparrjan-; (1b) *sparr-; (2) *spōdi-

(1a) Far sperra, Icel sperra, Norw sperra, Dan spærre, Sw spärra

Gaw 1444

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sparþe n. sparth 'battle-axe' sparða ‘kind of (Irish) axe’ B1 ?*barðaz Icel sparða Gaw 209; WA1403, 2458 View
spene v. spen

‘to be fastened, cling; clap; imprison’

spenna ‘to span, clasp’

C1ac

*spann-jan- 

Far spenna, Icel spenna, Norw spenna, Dan spæde, Sw spänna

Gaw 158, 587; Pe 49, 53

View
spenne (1) n. spen

(1) (a) ‘space, interval’; (b) ‘struggle, strife’; (c) ‘enclosed ground’ (in ~ ‘there, in that place’); (2) ‘ground, space of turf’ (in ~ ‘there’); (3) ‘thorn bush, thorn hedge, thorn thicket’

(1a) spenna ‘to span, clasp’; (1b) spenna ‘agitation, struggle’; (1c) spenni ‘clasp’

D2

(1) *span(n)-

(1a) Far spenna, Icel spenna, Norw spenna, Dan spænde, Sw spänna; (1b) Icel spenna; (1c) Far spenni, Icel spenni, Norw spenne, Sw spänne

Gaw 1074

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spenne (2) n. (1) spen; (2) spinney (1) ‘fence, hedge’;  (2) (a) ‘thorn-hedge’;  (b) ‘thorn bush, thorn hedge, thorn thicket’ (1) spenni 'clasp' D2 (1) *span(n)- Far spenni, Icel spenni, Norw spenne, Sw spänne Gaw 1709, 1896
 
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spenne-fote adv. spen-foot

(1) (a) ?‘with feet apart’;  (b) ‘with feet together’;  (2) ‘striking out with the feet’;  (3) ‘as if taking a spring with a kick’;  (4) ‘quickly’

(1) spenna (v.) ‘to span, clasp’; (3) spenna (v.) ‘(to jump) as if taking a spring with a kick’ (cp. sperna (v.) ‘to spurn, kick with the feet’); (4) spenna ‘to spend, enjoy’

D2

(1) *span(n)-; (2) *spennan-; (4) *spendan-

(1) Far spenna, Icel spenna, Norw spenna, Dan spænde, Sw spänna; (3) Far spenna, Norw spenna, Dan spænde, Sw dial spänna; (4) Icel spenna

Gaw 2316

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sponez n. spoon

'spoons'

spánn 'chip, shaving, spoon'

CC3a

*spēnuz

Far spónur, Icel spónn, Norw spon, spån, Dan spaan, Sw spån

Gaw 886

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sprent v. sprent 'leap, splash' spretta  ‘to make spring up, unloose; rip up’ BB2c *sprant-jan- Far spretta, Icel spretta, Norw spretta, Dan sprætte, Sw sprätta Gaw 1896; Erk 335; WA 743, 786 View
sprit v. sprit

‘sprang, started’

(3) spretta ‘to make spring up, unloose; rip up’; (4) sprita ‘to sprawl 

DD1c

(2) *sprutjan-; (3) *sprantjan-; (4) *sprīð-  

(3) Far spretta, Icel spretta, Norw spretta, Dan sprætte, Sw spritta, sprätta, Sw dial sprinta; (4) Far sprita, Icel sprita, Norw sprita

Gaw 2316

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stad adj., v. stead

‘placed; put down (in writing); present; standing there’

staddr ‘placed, present’ 

A1*c

*staðaða-

Icel steðja, Norw steda, stede, Dan stede, Sw städa, städja

Gaw 33, 644, 2137;  Cl 90, 806, 983, etc.; Erk 274; WA 465, 499

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staf-ful adj. staff-full

'cram-full'

(2) stappa (v.) 'to stamp, stamp down; dray in a mortar'

D1c

(1) *staƀ-az; (2) *stamp-

(2) Norw stappfull; cp. Far stappa, Icel stappa, Norw stappa, ODan stappe

Gaw 494; WA 1543, 4897

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stakirs v. stacker 'staggers'  stakra 'push, stagger' C1a *stakrōjan- Icel stakra, Norw stakra, Dan dial stagre WA 845 View
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Etymology