Showing 751 to 800 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
threnen adj.

'three-fold'

cp. þrennr 'three-fold'

CCC2c

*þrizna- or þrixna-

Far trinnur, Icel þrennur, Norw trinn, ODan thrænnæ, Dan trende, OSw þrænni, þrinni, Sw trenne

Erk 210

View
thristis v. thrust 'thrust, pierce' þrýsta 'thrust, press, force, compel' B2 *þrūstjan- Far trýsta, Icel þrýsta, Norw trysta, ODan tryste, OSw trysta, Sw dial trysta WA 554, 773*, 1326, etc. View
til conj., prep. till 'to; until' til ‘to, until etc.' C5ac *til-  Far til, Icel til, Norw til, Dan til, Sw till, til Gaw 85, 449, 532, etc.; Pe 548, 676, 976; Cl 484, 498, 548 etc.; Pat 236, 272, 377; Erk 12, 136, 313; WA 340, 463, 564 etc. View
þire adj., pron. thir 'these' (1) þeir ‘they’ DD1c (1) *þai + z  Early runic þaiʀþeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de WA 95, 167, 262 etc. View
tite adv. tite, tit 'quickly, soon' tíðr (adj.) ‘frequent, usual, customary’ A3*c *tīða-  Far tíð, Icel tíð, tíður, Norw tid, Dan tid, Sw tid; Norw tidt, ODan tith, tidt, Dan tidt, tit, Norw tidt, OSw tit, Sw tidt Gaw 299, 1596; Pe 728; Cl 64, 901, 1099, etc.; Pat 100, 127, 229 etc.; WA 219, 3719, 2519, etc. View
titely adv.

'quickly'

tíðr (adj.) ‘frequent, usual, customary’

A3*c

*tīða- 

WA 267, 738*, 888 etc.

View
tobrest v. 'break in two' bresta ‘crack, crash; snap, break, be split open; give way, break loose (etc.)’ C2c *brestan- WA 640 View
þoʒ conj. though 'even though' þó ‘though, yet’  A1*c *þauh  Far , Icel þó, Norw do, da, ODan do, thoo, OSw þó Gaw 69, 624; Pe 345; Erk 320; WA 51, 254, 471 etc. View
tom n.

'leisure, time, opportunity, delay, pause, interval'

tóm 'emptiness; (metaphorically) leisure'

C1c

*tōm-

Pe 134, 585; Cl 1153; Pat 135; Erk 313

View
tor adj.

‘hard, difficult’

tor- ‘difficult, hard’

CC5ac

*tor-

Far tor-, Icel tor-, Norw tor-, Sw dial tor-

Gaw 165, 719; Pe 1109; WA 5500

View
torfar n. 'hardship' torfœra (fem.), torfœri (neut.) 'a difficult, dangerous passage or road' CC4c *tor- +  *fōrjan WA 1193, 1261, 3729, etc. View
toriuen v. ‘tear asunder, shatter, break up’ rífa ‘to tear, rend’ B2a *rīfan- Far ríva, Icel rífa, Norw riva, Dan rive, Sw riva Pe 1197; Cl 964; Pat 379 View
þorpes n. thorp

'villiages'

þorp 'hamlet, village'

C2abc

*þurpan

Far torpur, Icel þorp, Norw torp, ODan torp, OSw þorp, Sw torp

Cl 1178; WA 1803

View
toruayle n.

(1) (trauayle) ‘hard task’; (2) (toruayle) ‘hard task’, ‘difficulty’.

(2) torveldi (fem. or neut.) ‘a difficulty’

DD2

(2) *tor- + *waldi-

(2) Far tor-, Icel tor-, Norw tor-, Sw dial tor-

Gaw 1540

View
traistis v.

'trust, have confidence (in)'

treysta ‘to make trusty, try the strength of a thing’

A1c

*traustjan-

Far troysta, Icel treysta, Norw trøysta, Dan trøyste, OSw trösta, Sw trösta

WA 1344, 2467, 3270 etc.

View
þral n. thrall 'serf, slave, fellow' þrǽll 'thrall, slave' A3c *þranxilaz or *þraxilaz Cl 135; WA 4520 View
þrange adj., adv.

'oppressively, closely'

þrǫngr 'close, tight'

CC1c

*þrangwa-

Far. trongur, Icel. þröngur, Norw trong, Sw. trång, Dan. trang

Pe 17

View
trantes v. trant

'practices cunning, dodges'

DD1c

(1) *trand-; (3) *tranata-

(2) Dan dial trante, Sw dial tranta; (3) Icel tranta, Norw tranta

Gaw 1707

View
trascheʒ n. trash ?'old shoes'
 
cp. tros 'droppings, rubbish' DD1 *trus- Norw dial trask; cp. Icel tros, Norw tros, ODan tros, Dan dial tros, Sw tross, Sw dial tråss Cl 40 View
þrast n. threst, thrast 'thrust' cp. þrýsta (v.) ‘to thrust, press; compress, strain heavily; force, compel’ CC3 *þraistjan-  Far trýsta, Icel þrýsta, Norw trysta, ODan tryste, Dan tryste, OSw trysta, MSw thrysta, Sw tryste Gaw 1443; Cl 952; WA 554 View
traunt n. trant

'(cunning) practice'

DD1c

(1) *trand-; (3) *tranata-

(2) Dan dial trante, Sw dial tranta; (3) Icel tranta, Norw tranta

Gaw 1700

View
trayst adj. traist 'sure' treysta ‘to make trusty, try the strength of a thing’ A1c *traustjan- Far troysta, Icel treysta, Norw trøysta, Dan trøyste, OSw trösta, Sw trösta Gaw 1211 View
trayþely adv. ?'pitilessly, violently'
 
tregða 'unwillingness, reluctance, difficulty' D1c ?*treg- Cl 907, 1137 View
þrete v.

'to wrangle'

þræt(t)a 'to wrangle'

CC3

*þranxtjan-, or *þraut-

Far træta, Icel þrætaþrætta, Norw trætta, ODan thrættæ, Dan trætta, OSw þræ(t)a, Sw träta

Pe 561

View
þro n.

'wrath, impatience; victory'

þrá (neut.) 'hard struggle, obstinacy', cp. þrá (fem.) 'longing, yearning'

A1a

*þrawan

Far trá, Icel þrá, Norw trå, tråe, ODan trå, Dan attrå, Sw dial tråe, åtrå

Cl 754; Pat 6, 8; WA 2282, 2259, 5016

View
þro adj. thro, thra ‘bold, angry, intense, steadfast; oppressive; fierce, stubborn’ þrár ‘stubborn, obstinate’  A1c *þrawa- Far tráur, Icel þrár, Norw trå, ODan trå, Sw dial trå(r)  Gaw 645, 1713, 1751 etc.; Pe 344, 868; WA 554, 1246, 1631 View
þro adv. thro, thra

‘earnestly, heartily, eagerly, swiftly, violently’

þrár ‘stubborn, obstinate’ 

A1c

*þrawa-

Far tráur, Icel þrár, Norw trå, ODan trå, Sw dial trå(r) 

Gaw 1021, 1867, 1946; Cl 220, 590, 1805

View
þroly adv. throly, thraly

‘heartily, urgently, violently’

þrár ‘stubborn, obstinate’, cp. þráliga 'obstinately'

A1c

*þrawa-

Far tráur, Icel þrár, Norw trå, ODan trå, Sw dial trå(r) 

Gaw 929; Cl 180, 504; WA 371, 707, 2090

View
trone v.

'go, march'

B1c

Norw trine, ODan trene, trine, OSw trīna, Sw dial trina, trena

Pe 1113; Cl 132, 976; Pat 101; WA 694, 4888, 5171 etc.

View
þryftyly adv. thriftily

'with propriety'

þrift (n.)(fem.) 'thrift', cp. þrif (n.)(neut.) 'thriving condition, prosperity'

B1

*þrīfan- or *þrift-

Icel þrift, Norw trîvst; cp. Icel þrif, Norw triv

Cl 635

View
trylle v. trill

'quiver' or 'turn, spin'

BB2a

*trill-

Norw trille, Norw dial trilla, ODan trijlæ, Dan trille, Sw trilla

Pe 78; Erk 322

View
þrynne adj. thrin, thrinne

'three(fold)'

þrennr ‘triple, threefold’

B1c

*þrizna-

Far trinnur, Icel þrennur, Norw trinn, ODan thrænnæ, Dan trende, OSw þrænni, þrinni, Sw trenne

Gaw 1868; Cl 606, 645, 1727

View
tryst v. trist 'to believe, be sure'  traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’ BBB2 *trust- or *traust- Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Gaw 380, 2325; Pat 324 View
trysty adj. 'true, faithful; true men' traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’ BBB2 *trust- or *traust- Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Pe *460; Cl 763 View
trystyly adv. tristily 'faithfully'  traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’; cp. traustliga 'firmly, confidently' BBB2 Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Gaw 2348 View
þryuande adj., n. thriving

‘abundant, hearty, worthy’

þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’

B1c

*þrīfan-

Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva

Gaw 1980; Cl 751

View
þryuandely adv. thrivingly ‘abundantly, heartily, excellently’ þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’ B1c *þrīfan- Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva Gaw 1080, 1380; Erk 47 View
þryue v. thrive 'to thrive; mighty, large' þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’; cp. þrifinn (adj.) 'active, well favoured' B1 *þrīfan- Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva Gaw 387; Pe 851; Cl 249; Pat 521; WA 1326, 1407, 2259 etc. View
þryuen adj., v. thriven

‘fair, grown, honourable, worthy'

þrifinn 'clean, orderly, in good condition'

B1c

*þrīfan-

Icel þrifinn, Norw thriven, ODan treven, MSw þriven

Gaw 1740; Pe 868, 1192; Cl 298, 1571, 1639

View
tulk n.

'man, knight'

tulkr ‘interpreter, spokesman; broker’

FC2c

Far tolkur, tulkur, Icel túlkur, Nor tolk, Dan tolk, Sw tolk

Gaw 3, 41, 638, etc.; Cl 498, 687, 757; Erk 109; WA 752, 1212, 1304 etc.

View
tulket v. 'sound, respond to' túlka 'interpret, plead one's case, be the spokesman' DD2 Icel tulka Cl 1414, WA 2427 View
*þwarte-knot n. (1) thwart; (2) thwarl

(1) (*þwarte-knot) ‘cross knot’;  (2) (þwarle knot) ‘tight knot’, ‘intricate knot’, ‘twirled knot’

(1) þverr ‘athwart, across, transverse’

DD2

(1) *þwerxwaz; (2b) *þwer- or *þwar-; (2c) *xwerƀan-

(1) Far tvørur, Icel þver, Norw tver, ODan thwær, Dan tvær, OS þvær, þvar

Gaw 194
 

View
twelmonyth adv., n. twelvemonth

‘twelvemonth, year’ 

tolf-mánuðr ‘a twelve-month’

CCC4

*twalifa- + *mēnōþ-

Gaw 298, 383, 2243 

View
twynne adj., n. twin

'two, double'

tvennr, tvinnr ‘twofold, double’

CC1c

*twizn- or *twi-n-

Far tvinnur, Icel tvennur, Norw tvinn, tvenne, ODan tvinnæ, tvænnæ, Dan tvende, OSw tvænne, tvinn-, Sw tvenne, tvänne

Gaw 425, 1339; Pe 251, 1012; Cl 966, 1047

View
twynne v. twin 'to be separated, part, depart' cp. tvennr, tvinnr ‘twofold, double’ CC1 *twizn- or *twi-n- Far tvinnur, Icel tvennur, Norw tvinn, tvenne, ODan tvinnæ, tvænnæ, Dan tvende, OSw tvænne, tvinn-, Sw tvenne, tvänne Gaw 2512; Cl 402 View
twynnen v. twine

(1) (pp.) ‘twined, plaited’ (or pres. pl. 'twine, plait');  (2) (pres. pl.) ‘match’

(1) tvinni ‘twine, twisted thread’; (2) tvennr (tvinnr) cp. 'two-fold, twin, in pairs'

D2

*twizn-

(1) Icel tvinni, Dan tvinde, Sw tvinna; (2) Far tvinnur, Icel tvennur, Norw tvinn, tvenne, ODan tvinnæ, tvænnæ, Dan tvende, OSw tvænne, tvinn-, Sw tvenne

Gaw 191

View
tyne v. tine, tyne

'to lose, destroy, ruin'

týna 'to lose, destroy'

C3

*teunjan-

Far týna, Icel týna, Norw tyna, Dan tyne, Sw. dial tyna

Pe 332; Cl 216, 775, 907; Pat 500, 505; WA 903, 2683, 2784 etc.

View
þynke v. think 'to seem' þykkja 'to seem' CCC2 *þunkjan- Far tykja, Icel þykja, Norw tykkja, ODan thykk(i)æ, Dan tykkes, OSw þykkia, Sw tycka(s) Gaw 348, 1111, 1241, etc.; Pe 267, 316, 552, etc.; Cl 744; Pat 8, 43, 427 etc. View
type v. tip

'tip'

D1c

Sw tippa

Pat 506; WA 1303, 1418

View
typped adj., v. ?tipped

(1) ?'consummate'; (2) 'fallen'

(1) typpa 'to tip, top', cp. typptr (adj.) 'tipped, laced'

D2

(1) Icel typpa, Norw typpa; (2) Sw tippa

Pat 77

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Word
Etymology