Showing 801 to 850 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
tyþing n. 'message, word, information' tíðindi (pl.) 'tidings, news, events' A1* *tīð- Far tíðindi(r), Icel tíðindi, Norw tidend, ODan tidhande, Dan tidende, OSw tíþandi, Sw tidender Cl 458, 498, 1557; Pat 78; Erk 57; WA 5175 View
vgly adj. ugly

‘gruesome, threatening, evil-looking’

uggligr ‘to be feared’

B1c

Icel uggð, Norw ugg, Sw dial ugg, ygg

Gaw 441, 2079, 2190; Cl 892

View
vmbe adv., prep. umbe, umbe-

'about, round'

umb 'around'

CC2ac

*umƀ

Far um, Icel um, Norw um, Dan om, Sw om

Gaw 589, 1830, 2034; Cl 879, 1384, 1474 etc.; Pat 301, 381; WA 779, 1154, 2209 etc.

View
vmbe-kesten v.

‘cast about, search all around, circle'

kasta ‘to cast, throw’

A1c

*kas(a)tō(j)an- 

Far kasta, Icel kasta, Norw kasta, Dan kaste, Sw kasta

Gaw 1434; Cl 478

View
vmbe-torne adv., v. umbe-

‘all around’

(F)CCC1c

*umƀi + 

?Dan omtrent; Norw trinn, ODan trynd, Sw trind 

Gaw 184

View
vmbeþour adv.

'round about'

þori (n.) 'the greater part, main part'

B1c

*þurōn-

Icel þorri

Cl 1384

View
vmbewalt v.

'surrounded'

velta ‘to roll, set rolling; (reflex.) turn oneself, rotate, descend’

CC2ac

*waltjan-

Icel velta, Norw velta, OSw vælta; Far velta, Icel velta, Norw velta, Dan vælte, Sw välta

Cl 1181

View
vnbene adj. unbene

‘inhospitable, dreary’

beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating'

DD1c

(1)*baina-; (3) *bōni-

Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein

Gaw 710

View
vnbrosten adj.

'unbroken'

bresta ‘to crack, crash; snap, break, be split open; give way, break loose (etc.)’.

C2ac

*brestan-

Far bresta, Icel bresta, Norw bresta, Dan briste, Sw brista

Cl 365

View
vndertake v. undertake ‘to take in, perceive, understand; guarantee’ taka ‘to take’  B2 *tak- Far taka, Icel taka, Norw taka, Dan tage, OSw taka, tagha, Sw taga Gaw 1483; WA 1356, 2967 View
vnhap (1) n.

'mishap, misfortune, disaster'

happ ‘good luck, chance’; cp. óhapp ‘bad fortune’

C1

*xap(p)- 

Far happ, Icel happ, Norw happ, Sw dial happ

Gaw 438; Cl 143, 892, 1150; WA 3287, 4554

View
vnhap (2) n., v. unhap

(1) (n.) ‘misfortune’; (2) (v., infin.) ‘to unfasten’

(1) óhapp ‘bad fortune’

DD2

(1) *xap(p)-; (2) *haf-, *hasp-, or *haft-

(1) Far happ, Icel happ, Norw happ, Sw dial happ; (2) Far hefta, Icel hefta, Norw hefta, Dan hefte, Sw häfta 

Gaw 2511

View
vnhappen adj. cp. unheppen

'accursed'

heppinn ‘lucky’; cp. óheppinn 'unlucky'

CC1c

*xap(p)-

Far heppin, Icel heppinn, Norw heppen, Sw dial vanhäppen

Cl 573; Erk 198

View
vnhappy adj. unhappy

'unfortunate, wretched'

cp. happ (n.) ‘good luck, chance’; cp. óhapp (n.) ‘bad fortune’

C1

*xap(p)- 

WA 713, 1375, 4482

View
vnhaspe v. 'disclose' cp. hespa (n.) ‘wisp or skein of wool; hasp, fastening’ CCC2c *xasp- Cl 688 View
vnhyles v.

'uncover'

hylja 'to hide, cover'

C1a

*xuljan-

Far hylja, Icel hylja, Norw hylja, Dan hylle, Sw hölja

Cl 451, 1628

View
vnlyke adj. unlike

'unlike, different'

líkr ‘like, alike’

CCC2c

*(ga)līka-

Far líkur, Icel líkur, Norw lik, Dan lig, Sw lik

Gaw 950

View
vnneuened adj.

'unsaid, retracted'

nefna ‘to name, mention, appoint’; cp. ónefndr (pp. adj.) ‘unnamed'

A1*c

*namnjan-

Far nevna, Icel nefna, Norw nemna, Dan nævne, Sw nämna

Cl 727

View
vnsaʒt adj. 'unreconciled, unappeased' sáttr 'agreeing, at peace, reconciled'; cp. úsáttr 'disagreeing', sátt (n.) 'settlement, agreement, concord, peace' and sætt (n.) 'reconciliation, agreement' B1 *saxt- or *sanxt- Far sáttur, Icel sáttur, ODan sattær, OSw satter Erk 8 View
vnsamen adv. 'differently, not matching' saman ‘together’ CCC1ac *saman-  WA 605 View
vnsemely adj. unseemly 'unfitting, improper' sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiligr ‘becoming’  C1a *sōmi- WA 99 View
vnsemely adv. unseemly

'improperly'

sœmr (adj.) ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiliga ‘honourably, becomingly’

C1a

*sōmi-

WA 862

View
vnskathely adj., n.

'spiritually unharmed, the pure'

*skǫðull, cp. skaði (n.) 'harm, damage'

A1*c

*skaþula-

Erk 278

View
vnsleʒe adj.

'unwary'

 slœgr ‘sly, cunning’; cp. óslœgr ‘unsly’

C1

*slōg-

Icel slægur, Norw sløg, ODan sløv, MSw slögher, Sw dial sløg

Gaw 1209

View
vnþryfte n. unthrift

'wickedness, folly'

þrift (n.)(fem.) 'thrift', cp. þrif (n.)(neut.) 'thriving condition, prosperity'

B1

*þrīfan- or *þrift-

Icel þrift, Norw trîvst; cp. Icel þrif, Norw triv

Cl 516, 1728

View
vnþryftyly adv. unthriftily

'wantonly'

þrift (n.)(fem.) 'thrift', cp. þrif (n.)(neut.) 'thriving condition, prosperity'

B1

*þrīfan- or *þrift-

Icel þrift, Norw trîvst; cp. Icel þrif, Norw triv

Cl 267

View
vnþryuande adj. unthriving

‘unworthy, ignoble’

þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’

B1c

*þrīfan-

Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva

Gaw 1499

View
vnþryvandely adv.

'poorly, improperly, unsuitably'

þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’

B1c

*þrīfan-

Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thrive

Cl 135

View
*vntyl prep. (1) until

(1) (*vntyl) ‘until’;  (2) (vntyʒtel) ‘unrestraint, lightheartedness’ (dalten ~ ‘revelled’) or ‘trifling talk’

(1) undz, unz ‘till that, till, until’ + til ‘to, until (etc.)'

DD2

(1) *unða + *til-; (2) *tuhtiz

(1) Icel uns; Far til, Icel til, Norw til, Dan til, Sw till, til

Gaw 1114

View
vpcaste v. upcast

'proclaimed, uttered'

kasta ‘to cast, throw’

A1

*kas(a)tō(j)an- 

Far kasta, Icel kasta, Norw kasta, Dan kaste, Sw kasta

Cl 1574

View
vphalt adj., v. uphold

(1) ‘lifted up’;  (2) ‘raised, i.e. high’

(2) halla ‘to lean, turn, sway, swerve’ (or hala 'pull')

DD2

(1) *xaldan-; (2) *xalþōjan- or *xalōjan-

(2) Far halla, Icel halla; Far hála, Icel hala, Norw hala, Dan hale

Gaw 2079

View
vplyften adj., v. uplift

'to lift, rise, uplift (in prayer)'

lyfta ‘to lift, raise’

C1a

*luftjan-

Far lyfta, Icel lyfta, Norw lyfta, Dan løfte, Sw lyfta; cp. MDan uplyfte, MSw uplyfa

Gaw 505; Cl 987; WA 805

View
vpon adv., prep. upon ‘upon, on, (etc.)’ upp á 'upon, on' CCC4c *upp + *ana Norw paa, Dan paa, MSw up a, op a, uppa, oppa, etc.; Sw. Gaw 9, 37, 47, etc.; Cl 141, 268, 416, etc.; Pat 12, 134, 138, etc.; Erk 76, 92, 125, etc. View
waged v. wag 'flutter, shake, wag, nod' vaga 'wag, waddle', cp. vagga (n.) 'cradle' CCC1a *wag-
 
Icel vaga, Norw vaga; cp. Far vagga, Icel vagga, Norw vagga, Sw dial vagga Cl 1484; Erk 256; WA 968 View
wald-eʒed adj. ?'having eyes of differing colours' (1) vald-eygðr ?'wall-eyed' D1c ?walþ- (1) Icel valdeygður WA 608 View
wale n. wale 'choice, range to choose from, abundance' val 'choice', vǫl  'choice' B2ac *wal- Far val, Icel val, Norw val, ODan val, Dan valg, Sw val; Far velja, Icel velja, Norw velja, Dan vælge, Sw välja Erk 73 View
wale v. wale ‘to choose; take; pick out, perceive, distinguish; find, gather’ val 'choice', vǫl 'choice' B2ac *wal- Far val, Icel val, Norw val, ODan val, Dan valg, Sw val; Far velja, Icel velja, Norw velja, Dan vælge, Sw välja Gaw 398, 1238, 1276; Pe 1000, 1007; Cl 921, 1734; Pat 511; Erk 64; WA 759*, 806*, 1014, etc, View
wale adj. wale

‘choice, excellent, fair, noble’

val 'choice', vǫl  'choice'

B2ac

*wal-

Far val, Icel val, Norw val, ODan val, Dan valg, Sw val; Far velja, Icel velja, Norw velja, Dan vælge, Sw välja

Gaw 1010, 1403, 1712, etc.; Cl 1716, 1734

View
walt v. walt 'rolled round; tossed, flung, cast, set' velta ‘to roll, roll over; turn out, happen’; velta ‘to roll, set rolling; (reflex.) turn oneself, rotate, descend’  CCC2c *waltjan- Icel velta, Norw velta, OSw vælta; Far velta, Icel velta, Norw velta, Dan vælte, Sw välta Gaw 1336; Pe 1156; Cl 501; Pat 115 View
waltered v. walter ‘weltered, rolled in streams’ valtr (adj.) ‘reeling, easily upset’ CCC1a *walt- Icel valtur; Far valtra, voltra, Icel valtra, voltra, Norw valtra, voltra, Dan valtre, Sw vältra, Sw dial valtra Gaw 684; Cl 415, 1027; Pat 142, 247,263, etc. View
wamel v.

'feel sick'

vamla 'to get sick'

BB1

*wem-

Icel vamla, Norw vamla, Dan vamle

Pat 300

View
wande n. wand

(1) ‘branch’ (under ~ ‘in the wood’);  (2) ‘difficulty, hesitation’ (under ~ ‘under difficulty, in hesitation’)

(1) vǫndr ‘wand, switch’; (2) vandi ‘a difficulty, difficult task; obligation, duty’

D2

(1) *wanðuz; (2) *wanð-

(1) Far vond, Icel vöndur, Norw vond, Dan vånd, OSw vander, Sw dial vann; (2) Far vandi, Icel vandi, Norw vande, ODan wandæ, Dan vånde, Sw vånda, Sw dial vånde

Gaw 1161

View
wandez n. wand

‘wand, magic wand, staff; stave’s’

vǫndr ‘wand, switch’

C1c

*wanðuz

Far vond, Icel vöndur, Norw vond, Dan vånd, OSw vander, Sw dial vann

Gaw 215; WA 57

View
wap n. wap 'blow' vappa (v.) ‘to waddle’  DD1c (1) *wap- (1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp Gaw 2249; Pat 499 View
wapen n. 'weapon' vápn 'weapon' A1*c *wēpnan Far vápn, Icel vopn, Norw våpen, Dan våben, Sw vapen WA 65, 958, 1400 etc. View
wapened adj., v. 'armed' vápna 'to furnish with arms' A1*c *wēpn- Far vápna, Icel vopna, Norw våpna, Sw våpna WA 1250 View
wapped v. wap 'rushed, blew (in gusts), flung' vappa ‘to waddle’  DD1c (1) *wap- (1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp Gaw 1161, 2004; Cl 882; WA 2226 View
ware (1) v. ware

‘to deal, deliver; spend, employ’ 

verja ‘to invest money, lay out; exert oneself’

CC3c

*warō(n) 

Far verja, Icel verja, Norw verja, Dan værge, OSw värja, Sw värja

Gaw 402, 1235, 2344 

View
ware (2) v.

'were'

váru 'were'

A1*c

*wēr-

Far vóru, Icel voru, Norw var, Dan var, Sw var

Pe 142, 151, 1027 etc.; Cl  928

View
warke n. wark 'pain' verkr 'pain, inflamation' CC2c *warki- Far verkur, Icel verkur, Norw verk, Dan værk, Sw värk WA 539, 2811 View
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