Showing 851 to 900 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
warp v. warp

‘to cast; say, speak, utter; drive, put'

varpa ‘to throw, cast’

CC1c

*werpan- or *warpan-

Far varpa, Icel varpa, Norw varpa

Gaw 224, 1423, 2025 etc.; Pe 879; Cl 152, 213, 284, etc.; Pat 356; Erk 321

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warþe n. warth

?'ford, shore'

cp. vað ‘wading place, ford’

CC3c

*waruþaz 

Far vað, Icel vað, Norw vad, ODan vad, Dan vad, Sw vad

Gaw 715

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wassayl interj. wassail

'wassail!, your health'

heill (adj.) 'hale, sound; whole, healed, etc.'

A1*

*wesan- + *xaila-

Far heilur, Icel heill, Norw heil, Dan hel, Sw hel

Cl 1506

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wast n. waist

'waist'

vǫxtr ‘size, stature; growth (etc.)'

CCC1a

*waxs-

Far vøkstur, Icel vöxtur, Norw vokster, ODan wext, Dan vækst, vekst, OSw væxter, Sw växt

Gaw 144

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waweʒ n.

'waves'

vágr 'wave, sea'

CC2a

*wēg-az

Far vágur, Icel vogur, Norw våg, Dan vove, Sw dial våg

Pe 287; Cl 382, 404; Pat 142; WA 26, 1153, 1309, etc.

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wawil-eʒid adj. ?'having eyes of differing colours'  vagl-eygr 'wall-eyed' D1c Icel vagleygur WA 1706 View
wayke adj. weak 'weak' veikr (veykr) ‘weak’  A1* *weik(w)a- Far veikur, Icel veikur, Norw veik, Dan veg, Sw vek Gaw 282; WA 1271, 2077, 3587 etc. View
waykis v. 'grow weak' veikr (veykr) (adj.) ‘weak’  A1* *weik(w)a- WA 1006 View
waykned adv.

'was enfeebled'

veikr (veykr) (adj.) ‘weak’ 

A1*c

*weik(w)a-

Far veikur, Icel veikur, Norw veik, Dan veg, Sw vek; Norw dial veikna, OSw vikna, MSw vekna, Sw vekna

Cl 1422

View
waymot adj.

'bad-tempered'

vei ‘woe’

A1*c

*wai

Far vei, Icel vei, Norw vei, Dan ve, Sw ve

Pat 492

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wayne v. wain ‘to bring, send; urge, challenge’  vegna ‘to proceed’ CCC5c *weg- Far vignast, Icel vegna Gaw 264, 984, 2456 etc.; Pe 131, 249; Cl 1504, 1616, 1701; Pat 467 View
waytez v. wait

(1) ‘looks’; (2) ‘treats (him) with anger, i.e. behaves angrily’

(2) veita ‘to grant, give’

DD2

(1) *waxt-; (2) *waitjan-

(2) Far veita, Icel veita, Norw veita, OSw veta

Gaw 2289

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wayth n. waith ‘(meat gained in) hunting’ veiðr ‘a catch, hunting, fishing’  A1*bc *waiþjō Far veiði, veiða, Icel veiði, veiður, Norw veidd, Sw veydhe Gaw 1381 View
wayue v. waive ‘to wave, swing, agitate; sweep from side to side; offer, show (trans.)’ veifa ‘to wave, vibrate, pull (trans.)’ A1*c *waiƀjan- Icel veifa, Norw veiva, Dan veive, Sw veva Gaw 306, 1032, 1743; Pat 467, 545; WA 945  View
weʒtes n. weights 'scales, balance; weight' vǽtt, vétt 'weight' CCC2c *wextiz Icel vætt, Norw vætt Cl 1734; WA 5473 View
wel-haled adj., v. well-haled ‘pulled up properly, drawn tight’ hala ‘to haul, pull’  BBB2a *xalōjan- Far hála, Icel hala, Norw hala, Dan hale Gaw 157 View
wela adv. wella

'very'

vei ‘woe’

CCC2c

*wai

Far vei, Icel vei, Norw vei, Dan ve, Sw ve

Gaw 518, 2084

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welcum v. welcome

'to welcome'

velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’

CCC4

*welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman- 

Icel velkominn, Norw velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen

Gaw 819, 1477, 1759 

View
welcum adj. welcome 'welcome' velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’ CCC4a *welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman-  Icel velkominn, Norw velkomen, velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen Gaw 252, 814, 835, etc.; Pe 399; Cl 813 View
wener adj.

'more lovely'

 vænn ‘promising, likely to be expected; bidding fair, likely to succeed; (of persons) hopeful, promising; fair to behold, fine, beautiful’ 

CCC1

*wēni-

Far vænur, Icel vænn, Norw væn, ODan væn, Sw vän

Gaw 945

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werkis v. 'pains' virkja 'feel pain' CC2c *warkjan- Far virkja, Norw dial virkja WA 531 View
werle n.

(1a) ?'circlet, circular ornament'; (1b) 'circle, ring (of hair)'; (2) 'attire, covering'

hvirfill 'circle, ring, crown of the head'

D2

(1a) *xwarƀilaz; (1b) *xwerƀilaz; (2) *was(j)an-

Far hvir(v)il, Icel hvirfill, Norw kvirvel, kvervil, Dan hvirvel, Sw (h)virvel

Pe 209

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weterly adv. 'clearly, surely; truly'  vitr (adj.) ‘wise’, cp. vitrliga (adv.) ‘wisely, with wisdom’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter Gaw 1706; Cl 171, 1567; Pat 330; Erk 183; WA 422 View
weue v.

(1) ‘to go, pass, move to and fro; surge, swing; bring; offer, show (honour); give’; (2) ‘to weave, i.e. contrive’

(1) cp. veifa ‘to wave, vibrate, pull (trans.)’

D2

(1) *waiƀjan-; (2) *weƀan-

(1) Icel veifa, Norw veiva, Sw veva

Gaw 1976 2359; Pe 318, 976; Cl 422, 453, 857

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wharred v. whar ‘whirred’ hverfa ‘to turn’ and hvirfla ‘to whirl’ BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra Gaw 2203 View
whateʒ n., v.

(1) 'fortunes'; (2) 'runs'; (3) 'was'
 

(2) hvata 'to hasten, speed'

DD2

(1) *xwat-; (2) *xwata-

(2) hvata

Pe 1041

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wheþen adv. whethen ‘whence; from wherever’ hvaðan ‘whence’ B1c ?*xwan- or *xwað- Far hvaðan(i), Icel hvaðan, Norw kvadan, ODan hveden, Sw vadan Gaw 461, 871; WA 4192, 5216 View
whirre n. whirr 'crash, rush' cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c WA 560, 1854 View
whirres v. whirr 'let off (arrows) with a whizzing sound, move together noisily'  cp. hverfa ‘to turn’, hvirfla ‘to whirl’. BB1c Dan hvirre, Sw dial hvirra WA 1414, 1556, 2226 View
wiʒt adv. wight ‘ardently; swiftly’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 1762; Cl 617; Pat 103 View
wilily adv. wilily 'with guile' (4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’  DD1 (1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl WA 1764 View
with prep. with

'with (etc.)'

við (with dat.) ‘against, towards, along with, with (instr.)’, (with acc.) ‘by, at, close to; at, to; together with’

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 9, 32, 38, etc.; Pe 40, 183, 200, etc.; Cl 19, 58, 214 etc.; Pat 2, 24, 36, etc.

View
withalle adv. withal

‘entirely, altogether’

cp. með ǫllu ‘altogether, quite’ 

CCC3

*wiþra

Far við, viður-, Icel við, Norw ved, ODan withær, with, Dan ved, veder-, Sw vid, veder-

Gaw 106, 1926

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witnes v. 'give testimony to' vitna 'witness, attest' CC1 *wit- Far vitna, Icel vitna, Norw vitna, Dan vidne, Sw vittne WA 488, 1439, 1592 etc. View
witter adj. 'knowing'  vitr ‘wise’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter WA 629 View
won (1) n. wone ‘dwelling, abode; city’ ván ‘hope, expectation, expected place’ A1* *wēnō Far vón, ván, Icel von, Norw vôn, ODan vån, OSw van, Sw dial vån, von Gaw 257, 685, 739, etc.; Pe 32, 917, 924, etc.; Cl 140, 311, 375 etc.; Pat 69, 346, 436, etc. View
won (2) n. wone ‘course (of action); multitude, host’ ván ‘hope, expectation, expected place’ A1* *wēnō Far vón, ván, Icel von, Norw vôn, ODan vån, OSw van, Sw dial vån, von Gaw 1238, 1269  View
wondered v. wonder

‘made wonder, surprised (impers.)’

undra ‘to wonder at a person or thing’

CC3

*wunðran

Far undrast, Icel undra(st), Norw undra, Sw undra

Gaw 1201

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wont n. want

‘lack (of good things)’

 vanr (adj.) ‘lacking, wanting’

C1

*wan-

Icel vanur

Gaw 131

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wont v. want

‘to want, lack, fall short of (impers.)’

vanta, ‘to want, lack’

C1

*wanaton-

Far vanta, Icel vanta, Norw vanta, ODan vante, Dan dial vante

Gaw 987, 1062, 2366; Pe 215; Cl 13, 739; Erk 208; WA 809*, 996, 1854 etc.

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worre adj., n. war, waur

'worse'

verri 'worse'

CC2ac

*werziz-

Far verri, Icel verri, Norw verre, Dan værre, Sw värre

Gaw 1588, 1591; Cl 719

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woþe n.

'danger, peril'

váði ‘danger, peril; a dangerous object’

A1c

*waiwaðan or *waiwaþan 

Far váði, Icel voði, Norw våde, ODan wathæ, Dan våde, OSw vaþe, Sw våde

Gaw 222, 488, 1576, etc.; Pe 151, 375; Cl 855, 988; Erk 233

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wouen v. weave

'woven'

vefa 'to weave'

CCC1

*weƀan-

Far veva, Icel vefa, Norw veva, Dan væve, Sw väva

Gaw 2358

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wrang adv. wrong

‘unjustly, wrongly’

vrangr, rangr (adj.) ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang-

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Pe 488, 614; Cl 891

View
wrang adj. wrong

'evil, perverted; wrong; (in the) wrong'

vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang- 

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Gaw 1494; Cl 268; Pat 384; Erk 236

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wrange n. wrong 'wrongdoing, injustice; harm, evil, hurt, sorrow' vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’ C1 *wrang-  Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång Pe 15, 631; Cl 76; Pat 376; Erk 243 View
wro n. wro

'nook, corner, seculed place, passage'

, ‘corner, nook’

A1bc

*wranxō

Far vrá, Icel , Norw ro, Dan vrå, Sw vrå

Gaw 2222; Pe 866; WA 1585, 4190 

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wyʒt adj. wight ‘lively, loud, valiant, strong, fierce; quick’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 119, 261, 1591; Pe 694; Erk 69; WA 765*, 1014, 1798 etc. View
wyʒtly adv. wightly 'bravely; swiftly’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 688; Cl 908; WA 120, 651, 1030, etc.  View
wykez n. wick, wike

'corners (of the mouth)'

vik, 'corner'; cp. munn-vik (n. pl.) 'the corners of the mouth'

C1c

*wik-

Far vik, Icel vik, Norw vik, Dan mundvig, OSw vik, MSw vik, Sw veck

Gaw 1572; Cl 1690

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Etymology