Showing 51 to 100 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
bayþe v.

'to ask; grant, agree, consent'

beiða ‘to ask for, demand, summon, provoke, desire’ 

A1*c

*baiðjan-

Far beiða, Icel beiða, Norw beidast, ODan bethæs, Sw bedas

Gaw 327, 1404, 1840; Erk 257

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bayted v. bait

'baited (by dogs), fed'

beita 'to graze, feed; cause to bite; set on; chase, etc.'

A1*

*baitjan-

Far beita, Icel beita, Norw beita, Dan bede, Sw beta

Cl 55

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bekyr n. beaker

'beaker, (large) cup'

bikarr 'beaker'

B2c


 

Far bikar, Icel bikar, Norw bikar, OSw bikar(e)

Cl 1474

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bele v.

‘burn’

bǽla ‘to burn’

C1c

ƀēl-

 Icel bæla

Pe 18

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bene adv. bein

'pleasantly, beautifully'

cp. beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating'

DD1c

(1)*baina-; (3) *bōni-

cp. Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein

Gaw 2402; Pe 198

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bene adj. bein 'pleasing, fair' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' DD1c (1)*baina-; (3) *bōni- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 2475; Pe 110; Pat 418 View
benke n. bink 'bench' bekkr 'bench' CC2ac *ƀanki- Far bekkur, bonkur, Icel bekkur, Norw bekk, Dan bænk, Sw bänk  WA 2927 View
berʒ n. barrow

'mound'

berg, bjarg (neut.) ‘hill, cliff, prominence in the landscape, crag, cliff-face; boulder, rock; (as material) rock, stone, rocky ground, foundation of rock’

CCC5a

*ƀerʒa-

Far berg, bjarg, bjørg, Icel berg, bjarg, Norw berg, björg, ODan bjærg, Dan bjerg, OSw biärgh, Sw berg

Gaw 2172, 2178 

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beryd v. (1) 'beat, rang'; (2) 'rang out' (2) berja 'hammer, knock, strike etc.' DD2 (1) *bēr-; (2) *barjan- Far berja, Icel berja, Norw berja, ODan bæriæ, Sw dial bärga Erk 352 View
big adj. big 'strong; sharp; big, great, mighty' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1c (1)*big-; (2) *bug- or *bugg- (1) Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga; (2) Norw dial bugge, bugga Gaw 554, 2101; Pe 102, 374; Cl 43, 229, 1183 etc.; Pat 302; WA 915, 1808, 1295 etc. View
bigge v. big

'to settle, found, build, make'

byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit'

A1*bc

*ƀewwjan- or *ƀuwwjan- 

Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga

Gaw 9, 20; Cl 1666; Pat 124, Erk 37, 207; WA 1366, 2215, 2256 etc.

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bigly adv. bigly

‘mightily, strongly, firmly’

byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit'

D1c

(1)*big-; (2) *bug- or *bugg-

(1) Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga; (2) Norw dial bugge, bugga

Gaw 1141, 1162, 1584; Pat 321; WA 423, 1138, 1371

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bignes n. bigness 'greatness, arrogance' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1 (1)*big-; (2)*bug- or *bugg- WA 105, 1018 View
bilooghe adv. below

'below'

lágr (adj.) ‘low’

A1*

*lēga-

Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg

Cl 116

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biseme v. beseem ‘to befit, become, suit’ sóma ‘to beseem, become, befit’; sœma ‘to honour’ C3 *sōmi- Icel sóma; Far, søma, Icel sæma, Norw søma, ODan søme, Dan sømme, OSw söma, syma Gaw 622, 1612, 2035, etc.; Pe 310 View
bit n. bit

‘blade, cutting edge’

bit ‘biting, bit, wound after a bite, (insect) bite; grazing, pasture; (of a weapon) ability to bite/cut, sharpness’

CC3

 *ƀīt-

Far bit, Icel bit, Norw bit, ODan bid, Dan bid, Sw bett

Gaw 212, 426, 2224 etc.

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bitan v.

'given, assigned'

taka ‘to take’ 

B2

*tak-

Far taka, Icel taka, Norw taka, Dan tage, OSw taka, tagha, Sw taga

Erk 28

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biwyled v.

'deluded'

(4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’, cp. véla ‘to defraud, trick’

DD1

(1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl

(4) Far væl, Icel vél, Norw vēl, MSw väl

Gaw 2425

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blande (1) v. bland 'adorned' blanda ‘to mix (together)’ CCC1c *blandan- Far blanda, Icel blanda, Norw, blanda, Dan blande, Sw blanda Gaw 1931 View
blande (2) n. bland ‘mingling’ (in the phrase 'in blande' ‘(mingled) together’) bland ‘mixture’ (literal or figurative) CC4c *bland- Icel bland Gaw 1205; Cl 885; WA 160, 2786, 3723 etc. View
blaste n.

'blast (of wind)'

 blástr ‘blast of wind, blowing; breathing, puffing, snorting; flatulence, swelling, inflammation’

C2

*ƀlēstaz or *ƀlēstuz

Far blástur, Icel blástur, Norw blåster, blæster, Dan blæst, OSw blāster, blæster, Sw bläster

Gaw 784, 1148 

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blayke adj.

‘yellow’

bleikr ‘pale, wan, ?bleached’

A1*

*ƀlaika-

Far bleikur, Icel bleikur, Norw bleik, Dan bleg, Sw blek, Shetl bleg

Pe 27

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blende v. blend

‘mingled; streamed together; set amidst, steep’

blanda ‘to ‘mix (together)

CCC1c

*blandan-

Far blanda, Icel blanda, Norw, blanda, Dan blande, Sw blanda

Gaw 1361, 1610, 2371; Pe 385, 1016; Cl 967, 1788; Pat 227

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blenk v. blenk

'to look; gleam'

blekkja ‘to deceive, betray, seduce’; cp. blakkr (adj.) ‘pale, dark’ 

CC2c

*ƀlankjan-

Icel blekkja, Norw blekkja

Gaw 799, 2315; WA 5607

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blo adj. blae

‘dark, dusky, livid, grey’

blár ‘blue, blue-black, black’

A1*

*ƀlēwa-

Far bláur, Icel blár, Norw blå, Dan blå, Sw blå

Pe 83, 875; Cl 1017; Pat 134, 138, 221; Erk 290; WA 559

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blom n. bloom

'flower, bloom; perfection'

blómi (m.), blóm (neut.) ‘flower, flowing plant’

C3ac

*ƀlom-

Far blómi, Icel blómi, Norw blome, Dan blomme, Sw blomma; Far blóma (f.), Icel blóm, Norw blom

Pe 27, 578; Cl 1042, 1467

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blose n.

(1) ?’rough uncouth person’; (2) 'ugly sight'; (3) and (4) ?’flame’

(3) blossi ‘flame’; cp. blys ‘torch’

DD2

(3) *ƀlus- or ƀlūs-; (4) blās-

(3) Icel blossi, Norw bluss, Dan blus, OSw blus, blos; cp. Icel blys

Pe 911

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blunder n. blunder

'turmoil, trouble'

(1) blunda ‘to have/keep one’s eyes shut’; (2) blanda ‘to mix (together)’

D1c

(1) *blund- (2) *bland-

Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, Dan blunde, Sw blund(r)a; Far blanda, Icel blanda, Norw blanda, Dan blande, Sw blanda

Gaw 18

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blunt adj. blunt

'stunned'
 

blunda (v.) 'to have one's eyes shut, doze'

DD1

Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, ODan blunde, Dan blunde, OSw blund(r)a

Pe 176

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blunt v. ?'stopped'
 
(1) blunda 'to have one's eyes shut, doze' DD2 (2) *linnan- (1) Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, ODan blunde, Dan blunde, OSw blund(r)a Pat 272 View
blykke v. blik, blike 'to shine' blika ‘to glisten, glint, shine’ CCC1a *blikōjan- Far blika, Icel blika, Norw blika, OSw blika, Sw bläcka Gaw 305, 429, 2485; Cl 603 View
blykned v. 'shine; fade' blikna 'to pale, turn sallow' CC1ac *blik- Cl 1467, 1759; WA 604 View
blyþe n.

'mercy'

blíða 'gentleness, kindness, friendliness'

CC1c

*ƀlīþ-

Pe 354

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bodworde n. bodeword 'message' boð-orð 'message, command, etc.' CC4c *ƀudan + *wurdan Cl 473; Erk 105; WA 48, 1458, 1489 View
bole n. bole 'tree trunk' bolr, bulr ‘tree trunk; torso’ BB2ac ?*ƀol- Far bulur, Icel bolur, Norw bul, Dan bul, Sw bål Gaw 766; Pe 76; Cl 622; WA 2851, 4851, *4994, etc. View
bolled adj. 'decorated in relief, embossed' bolgna (v.) ‘to swell, bulge’ CC1c *belgan- Icel bólginn, Norw bolgen, Dan bullen, OSw bulghin, bulin Cl 1464 View
bolne v. bolne 'to swell' bolgna ‘to swell, bulge’ CC1c *belgan- Icel bólginn, Norw bolgen, Dan bullen, OSw bulghin, bulin Gaw 512; Pe 18; Cl 179, 363; WA 396, 4435 View
bonde adj., n. 'bondmen, serfs' bóndi 'farmer, householder' C1 Far bóndi, Icel bóndi, Norw bonde, Dan bonde, Sw bonde Cl 88 View
bone n. boon 'request, boon, command, bidding' bón ‘petition, request’ C1 *bōn-  Icel bón; cp. Far bøn, Icel bœn, Norw bøn, ODan bǿn, Dan bøn, OSw bǿn, Sw bön Gaw 327; Pe 912, 916, 1090; Cl 826; Pat 136; Erk 194 View
bonk n. bank ‘hillside, slope; shore, bank, coast’ bakki ‘bank (of river, lake), shore; slope, escarpment; edge (etc.)’ C1abc *bank-ōn Far bakki, Icel bakki, Norw bakke, banke, ODan bakkæ, bakke, banke, Dan bakke, Sw backe, Sw dial bank Gaw 14, 511, 700, etc.; Pe 102, 106, 196 etc.; Cl 86, 363, 379 etc.; Erk 32 View
borde n. board

'table'

borð 'board, plank, beam'

CCC3

*bord-

Far borð, Icel borð, Norw bord, Dan bord, Sw bord

Gaw 481; Cl 1433, 1717

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borne n. burn 'stream' cp. brunnr, bruðr ‘well-spring, spring, stream; source, origin; well, reservoir, watering place’ CCC5 *ƀrunn- Far brunnur, Icel brunnur, Norw brunn, brynn, Dan brønd, Sw brunn Gaw 731, 1570, 2174; Pe 974; Cl 482 View
bos n. boose 'cow-house, manger' báss 'a stall in a cow-house' CCC1 *ƀan(d)sa- Far básur, Icel bás, Norw bås, Dan bås, Sw bås Cl 1075 View
bost n. boast 'outcry, clamour' (1) cp. busilkinna ?’woman with round cheeks’ DD1 (1) *bus- (1) Norw bos(s), OSw bos Gaw 1448, Cl 179, 1450, 1712 View
boster n. boaster 'boaster' (1) cp. busilkinna ?’woman with round cheeks’ DD1 (1) *bus- (1) Norw bos(s), OSw bos Cl 1499 View
boþe adj., adv., pron. both

'both'

báðir 'both'

C4a

*bai- + *þai-z (etc.)

Far báðir, Icel báðir, Norw både, beggje, Dan både, beggje, Sw både, begga

Gaw 18, 111, 129, etc.; Pe 90, 329, 373 etc.; Cl 11, 20, 57 etc.; Pat 36, 134, 136 etc.; Erk 194

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boþe n. booth

'booth, arbour'

búð 'booth, temporary building or tent'

B2abc

*būþō

Far búð, Icel búð, Norw bu, bud, Dan bod, Sw bod

Pat 441

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boun adj. bound

‘ready; bound, setting out; arranged, fixed’

búinn ‘ready, prepared, finished, willing, favourably disposed (towards sth.), obedient, submissive’

C3c

*bō(w)an or *bū(w)an-

Icel búinn, Norw buen

Gaw 548, 852, 1311, etc.; Pe 534, 992, 1103, Erk 181; WA 323, 534, 870 etc.

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bounet adj., v.

'prepare, place, present'

búinn ‘ready, prepared, finished, willing, favourably disposed (towards sth.)’

C3c

*bō(w)an or *bū(w)an-

Cl 1398; WA 218, 768, 1116 etc.

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braken n. bracken 'bracken, fern' *brakni B1c ?*ƀrak- Dan bregne, Sw bräken Cl 1675 View
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