Showing 51 to 100 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
rose adj., v. roose

'praise'

hrósa ‘praise'

A1c

*hrōþs-

Far rósa, Icel hrósa, Norw rosa, Dan rose, OSw rosa

Cl 1371; WA 4313, 5122

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roþum adj., n. (2) rotten

(1) 'redness'; (2) 'rottenness'

(1a) roðna (v.) 'redden'; (1b) roþmi (n.) 'redness'; (2) rotinn (adj.) 'rotten'

D2

(1) *rod-; (2) *rut-

(1a) Far rodna, Icel roðna, Norw rodna, Sw rodna, Sw dial rudna; (1b) Dan rødme, OSw rodme, rudhme; (2) Far rotin, Icel rotinn, Norw roten, Dan rådden, Sw rutten, Sw dial rotin

Cl 1009

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saklez adj.

'innocent'

saklauss 'not guilty, innocent'

C3c

*sakō + *lausa-

Norw saklaus, Dan sageløs, Sw saklös

Cl 716; WA 2390

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*scrof adj.

'rough'

A1*c

*skurfa-

Icel skurfur, Norw skurv, ODan skurf, Dan skurv, Sw skorv

Cl 1546

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skyg adj.

?'particular'


 

D1c

?*skewwa-

cp. Norw dial skegg, Sw dial skegg

Cl 21

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skyre adj.

'bright'

skírr 'clear, bright, pure'

A1*c

*skīri-

Far skírur, Icel skír, Norw skir, OSw skir, Sw skir

Cl 1776; WA 467, 1824, 1924, etc.

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spakest adj., n. spack

 'cleverest (one)'

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'

B1

Far spakur, Icel spakur, Norw spak, ODan spak, Dan spag, OSw skaper, Sw spak

Pat 169

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aghlich adj., adv. awly 'terrible' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 136; Cl 874, 937 View
aʒlez adj. aweless, awless 'without fear' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’; cp. agalauss ‘peaceful’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 2335 View
brent adj. brent 'steep' bretta ‘to turn upwards’; cp. brattr ‘steep, precipitous; arduous, hard’ CC1c *brant-  Far bretta, Icel bretta, Norw bretta, ODan brente, Dan dial brette, OSw bränta, Sw dial brätta; Far, Icel brattur, Norw bratt, Dan brat, OSw branter, Sw brant, Sw dial bratt Gaw 2165; Pe 106; Cl 379; WA 3648, 4812 View
derf adj.

‘bold, audacious, doughty, stout; great, astonishing; grievous, severe’

djarfr ‘courageous, aggressive, dauntless; heedless, impudent’ 

C1ac

*derƀ- 

Far djarvur, Icel djarfur, Norw djerv, Dan djerv, Sw djärv

Gaw 558, 564, 1000, etc.; Cl 862; Pat 166; Erk 99; WA 1024, 1211, 1811, etc.

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happen adj. cp. heppen 'fortunate, blessed' heppinn ‘lucky’ CC1c *xap(p)-  Far heppin, Icel heppinn, Norw heppen, Sw dial vanhäppen Gaw 56; Pat 13, 15, 17, etc. View
vplyften adj., v. uplift

'to lift, rise, uplift (in prayer)'

lyfta ‘to lift, raise’

C1a

*luftjan-

Far lyfta, Icel lyfta, Norw lyfta, Dan løfte, Sw lyfta; cp. MDan uplyfte, MSw uplyfa

Gaw 505; Cl 987; WA 805

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mayn adj. main

'great, strong'

megn, meginn ‘strong’

CC1a

*maʒen-

Icel megn, Norw megna

Gaw 94, 187, 336 etc.

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mynne adj.

'less'

minni ‘lesser, smaller’

C1ac

*minnizan- 

Far minni, Icel minni, Norw mindre, Dan mindre, Sw mindre

Gaw 1881

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same adj., pron. same

'same, very'

samr ‘same’ (wk. sami)

C1ac

*sam-

Far samur, Icel samur, Norw sam, Dan samme, Sw samme

Gaw 157, 170, 881, etc.; Pe 1099, 1101; Cl 660; Erk 204; WA 288, 344, 356

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seme adj., adv. seem

‘seemly, fair, excellent; becomingly, fairly'

sœmr ‘becoming, fit’

C1ac

*sōmi-

Icel sæmur, Norw sømre, Sw dial sym

Gaw 1085; Pe 190, 1115; Cl 549, 1810

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semly adj., n. seemly

‘seemly, fitting; comely, fair’

sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiligr ‘becoming’ 

C1a

*sōmi-

Icel sæmur, Norw sømre, Sw dial sym

Gaw 83, 348, 672, etc.; Pe 34, 45, 789; Cl 209, 262, 816 etc.; Erk 84; WA 238, 1281, 2003 etc.

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sleʒe adj. sly

'skilfully made'

 slœgr ‘sly, cunning’

C1

*slōg-

Icel slægur, Norw sløg, ODan sløv, MSw slögher, Sw dial sløg

Gaw 797, 893

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vnsleʒe adj.

'unwary'

 slœgr ‘sly, cunning’; cp. óslœgr ‘unsly’

C1

*slōg-

Icel slægur, Norw sløg, ODan sløv, MSw slögher, Sw dial sløg

Gaw 1209

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twynne adj., n. twin

'two, double'

tvennr, tvinnr ‘twofold, double’

CC1c

*twizn- or *twi-n-

Far tvinnur, Icel tvennur, Norw tvinn, tvenne, ODan tvinnæ, tvænnæ, Dan tvende, OSw tvænne, tvinn-, Sw tvenne, tvänne

Gaw 425, 1339; Pe 251, 1012; Cl 966, 1047

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wener adj.

'more lovely'

 vænn ‘promising, likely to be expected; bidding fair, likely to succeed; (of persons) hopeful, promising; fair to behold, fine, beautiful’ 

CCC1

*wēni-

Far vænur, Icel vænn, Norw væn, ODan væn, Sw vän

Gaw 945

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wrang adj. wrong

'evil, perverted; wrong; (in the) wrong'

vrangr, rangr ‘awry, not straight; wrong, unjust, unrighteous’

C1

*wrang- 

Far rangur, Icel rangr, Norw vrang, rang, Dan vrang, Sw vrång

Gaw 1494; Cl 268; Pat 384; Erk 236

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lyke adj., n. like

'like, similar'

líkr ‘like, alike’

CCC2c

*(ga)līka-

Far líkur, Icel líkur, Norw lik, Dan lig, Sw lik

Gaw 187, 498; Pe 432, 501, 735, etc., Cl 212, 261, 790 etc., Pat 493; WA 240, 599, 654 etc.

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vnlyke adj. unlike

'unlike, different'

líkr ‘like, alike’

CCC2c

*(ga)līka-

Far líkur, Icel líkur, Norw lik, Dan lig, Sw lik

Gaw 950

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mensk adj. mensk

'honoured'

mennskr ‘human’

C2c

*manniska-

Far menskur, Icel mennskur, OSw mænsker

Gaw 964; WA 1746

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menskful adj.

'of worth, noble'

cp. mennska ‘humanity, generosity’ 

C2

*manniska-

Far (ó)menska, Icel mennska, ODan men(i)ske, OSw mænksa

Gaw 555, 1268, 1809; WA 2953

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silk adj., n. silk ‘silk, piece of silk’ silki 'silk' CC2 Far silki, Icel silki, Norw silke, Dan silke, Sw silke Gaw 159, 164, 589, etc.; Cl 790; WA 2401, 4016, 4339 etc. View
sylkyn adj. silken

'silk'

cp. silki (n.) 'silk'

CC2

Far silki, Icel silki, Norw silke, Dan silke, Sw silke

Gaw 610; WA 236, 1520, 5295

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worre adj., n. war, waur

'worse'

verri 'worse'

CC2ac

*werziz-

Far verri, Icel verri, Norw verre, Dan værre, Sw värre

Gaw 1588, 1591; Cl 719

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angardez adj., n. angard

‘i.e. excessive, arrogant’

ágjarn ‘covetous, greedy; ambitious; pugnacious, belligerent, eager to fight’; gort ‘bragging’; gera, gør(v)a ‘to make, do’

FCCC3c

Icel gjarn, Sw dial gärnt; Far ger-, Icel ger, ODan gør, Dan gør-, OSw gor, gör

Gaw 681

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boun adj. bound

‘ready; bound, setting out; arranged, fixed’

búinn ‘ready, prepared, finished, willing, favourably disposed (towards sth.), obedient, submissive’

C3c

*bō(w)an or *bū(w)an-

Icel búinn, Norw buen

Gaw 548, 852, 1311, etc.; Pe 534, 992, 1103, Erk 181; WA 323, 534, 870 etc.

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dryʒe adj., n. dree, dreigh ‘great; incessant, heavy; unmoved, enduring’ drjúgr 'abundant, sufficient, lasting; supportive staunch, persistent (etc.)' CC3ac *dreug- Far dr(j)úgvur, Icel drjúgur, Norw drjug, Sw dryg Gaw 335, 724, 1031, etc., Pe 823; Cl 342, 385; WA 2091, 4441, 4804 View
sete adj. sete

'fitting, excellent'

 sœtr 'sweet'

CCC3

*sēt- or *swot- 

Far søtr, Icel sætur, Norw søt, ODan søt, Dan sød, OSw söter, Sw söt

Gaw 889

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sunder adj., n. sunder ‘sunder, separation’ (in the phrase 'in sunder' ‘asunder’) sundr, í sundr  'asundr' CCC4ac *eni + *sunðraz Far sundur, Icel sundur, Norw sunder, sond(er), ODan sundær, syndær, søndær, Dan sønder, OSw sunder, synder, Sw sönder Gaw 1563 View
tor adj.

‘hard, difficult’

tor- ‘difficult, hard’

CC5ac

*tor-

Far tor-, Icel tor-, Norw tor-, Sw dial tor-

Gaw 165, 719; Pe 1109; WA 5500

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balʒ adj. balgh

‘swelling with round, smooth surface’ 

bali 'a soft grassy bank, especially sloping down to the shore’

DD1c

(1) *balg-; (2) *bal-

Icel bali, Norw bal

Gaw 967, 2032, 2172

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vnbene adj. unbene

‘inhospitable, dreary’

beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating'

DD1c

(1)*baina-; (3) *bōni-

Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein

Gaw 710

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(child)-gered adj. (1) gear; (2) gere; (3) cheer

'boyish, merry'

(1) gervi, gørvi ‘gear, apparel’; (2)  gerr ‘greedy’

DD1

(1) *garwj-; (2) *ger-

(1) Icel gervi; (2) Icel gerr, Norw gjer 

Gaw 86 

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farand adj. farrand, farrant

'fitting, seemly, splendid'

fara 'to move, go etc., to suit, befit'

D1c

(1) *faran-

Far fara, Icel fara, Norw fara, Dan fare, Sw fara

Gaw 101; Pe 865; Cl 607, 1758

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gryndel adj. grindel

'fierce, angry'

(1) grindill 'destroyer'; (2) grim(m)ð ‘vehemence, malice, ferocity, fierceness, violence’

DD1c

(1) *grend-; (2) *gremmiþō

Far grimd, Icel grimmd

Gaw 2338; Pat 524

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vnbrosten adj.

'unbroken'

bresta ‘to crack, crash; snap, break, be split open; give way, break loose (etc.)’.

C2ac

*brestan-

Far bresta, Icel bresta, Norw bresta, Dan briste, Sw brista

Cl 365

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vnneuened adj.

'unsaid, retracted'

nefna ‘to name, mention, appoint’; cp. ónefndr (pp. adj.) ‘unnamed'

A1*c

*namnjan-

Far nevna, Icel nefna, Norw nemna, Dan nævne, Sw nämna

Cl 727

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layth adj. loath, loth

'loathsome, hateful; unwilling'

leiðr 'loathed, disliked'

A1*c

*laiþa-

Far leiður, Icel leiður, Norw leid, ODan leth, Dan led, OSw leþer, Sw led

Pat 401; WA 1258, 4748, 4793 etc.; WA 1258, 3866, 4748

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scaþel adj.

'dangerous'

*skǫðull, cp. skaði (n.) 'harm, damage'

A1*c

*skaþula-

Pat 155; WA 2992, 4802

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waymot adj.

'bad-tempered'

vei ‘woe’

A1*c

*wai

Far vei, Icel vei, Norw vei, Dan ve, Sw ve

Pat 492

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dasches adj., v. dash

'rushing'

BBB2

Dan daske, Sw daska

Pat 312; WA 3882

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fale adj., v. (1) 'cheap', in phrase fale of 'unconcerned about'; (2) 'descend'
 
(1) falr 'venal, to be sold' D2 (1) *fala-;  (2) *fallan- Far falur, Icel falur, Norw fal, Dan fal, Sw fal Pat 92 View
glaymande adj., v.

'slimy'

kleima 'to daub, smear, dabble'

D1

?*klaimjan-
 

Far kleima, Icel kleima, Norw kleima, Sw dial klema

Pat 269

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typped adj., v. ?tipped

(1) ?'consummate'; (2) 'fallen'

(1) typpa 'to tip, top', cp. typptr (adj.) 'tipped, laced'

D2

(1) Icel typpa, Norw typpa; (2) Sw tippa

Pat 77

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Etymology