Showing 101 to 150 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
vnsaʒt adj. 'unreconciled, unappeased' sáttr 'agreeing, at peace, reconciled'; cp. úsáttr 'disagreeing', sátt (n.) 'settlement, agreement, concord, peace' and sætt (n.) 'reconciliation, agreement' B1 *saxt- or *sanxt- Far sáttur, Icel sáttur, ODan sattær, OSw satter Erk 8 View
vnskathely adj., n.

'spiritually unharmed, the pure'

*skǫðull, cp. skaði (n.) 'harm, damage'

A1*c

*skaþula-

Erk 278

View
roten adj., v. rotten

'decayed, decomposed'

rotinn 'rotten'

C1

*rut-

Far rotin, Icel rotinn, Norw roten, Dan rådden, Sw rutten, Sw dial rotin

Erk 344

View
threnen adj.

'three-fold'

cp. þrennr 'three-fold'

CCC2c

*þrizna- or þrixna-

Far trinnur, Icel þrennur, Norw trinn, ODan thrænnæ, Dan trende, OSw þrænni, þrinni, Sw trenne

Erk 210

View
gremly adj. 'terrible' cp. gremi (n.) ‘wrath, anger’, gremja (v.) 'to anger, provoke' CC1ac *grama- or *gramjan- WA 726* View
lowly adj. lowly

'modest'

lágr ‘low’, cp. lágligr (adj.) 'low'

A1*

*lēga-

Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg

WA 4620

View
skatheles adj. scatheless 'without injury' skaði ‘harm, damage’; cp. skaðlauss (adj.) 'unscathed, without loss' A1*c *skaþōn Norw skadesløs, ODan skathaløs, Sw skadeslös WA 2992 View
serelepy adj. 'various, separate, different' sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.) A2c *sē-z WA 605, 4305, 4440 etc. View
snart adj.

'sharp'

snarr ‘hard-twisted (rope); swift, keen; soon’

A2*c

*snarxa-

Far snarur, Icel snar, runic Norw (n. pl) snAreʀ, Norw snar, Dan snar, Sw snar

WA 3633

View
vnhappy adj. unhappy

'unfortunate, wretched'

cp. happ (n.) ‘good luck, chance’; cp. óhapp (n.) ‘bad fortune’

C1

*xap(p)- 

WA 713, 1375, 4482

View
vnsemely adj. unseemly 'unfitting, improper' sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiligr ‘becoming’  C1a *sōmi- WA 99 View
witter adj. 'knowing'  vitr ‘wise’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter WA 629 View
claggid adj., v. ?'clogged, crammed' cp. kleggi 'horsefly'  CC2c ?*klaij- ODan klæg, Dan klæg  WA 5429 View
golanand adj., v. 'howling' cp. gaula ‘to low, bellow, howl’ D1c cp. Far geyla, Icel gaula, Norw gaula, Sw gjöla WA 4796 View
gro adj., n. ?'angry, sorrowful; horror' (1) grár 'grey; spiteful, malicious' DD2 (1) *grēwa- (1) Far gráur, Icel grár, Norw grå, Dan grå, OSw grā, Sw grå WA 3228 View
laue adj. lave- 'drooping' lafa 'to hang, dangle' B2c *laƀēn- Far lave, Icel lafa, Norw lava WA 4748 View
renischeche adj. ranish 'strange, uncouth, outlandish; stern, awful, furious' hrjónn 'rough' DD1c ?*hrewwa- Icel hrjón, Norw rjone, rjøne WA 2943 View
renyst adj.

'mysterious, furious'

hrjónn 'rough'

DD1c

?*hrewwa-

Icel hrjón, Norw rjonerjøne

WA 387, 839*

View
scautand adj., v. ? 'venomous, jutting out' cp. skjóta 'shoot, push, shove', skota 'shove', skúta 'jut out' DD1c ?*skeutan- WA 4200 View
slik adj., pron. 'such' slíkr (adj.) 'such' A1*c *swa-līkaz Far slíkur, Icel slíkur, Norw slik, Dan slig, Sw slik WA 11, 38, 62 etc. View
þire adj., pron. thir 'these' (1) þeir ‘they’ DD1c (1) *þai + z  Early runic þaiʀþeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de WA 95, 167, 262 etc. View
tethe adj. 'excellent' tíðr 'frequent, usual, customary, noted, famous, beloved, eager' CC2 ?*tīð- Far tíður, Icel tíður, Norw tid, Dan tith WA 6632198, 2371, etc. View
wapened adj., v. 'armed' vápna 'to furnish with arms' A1*c *wēpn- Far vápna, Icel vopna, Norw våpna, Sw våpna WA 1250 View
wawil-eʒid adj. ?'having eyes of differing colours'  vagl-eygr 'wall-eyed' D1c Icel vagleygur WA 1706 View
wald-eʒed adj. ?'having eyes of differing colours' (1) vald-eygðr ?'wall-eyed' D1c ?walþ- (1) Icel valdeygður WA 608 View
aʒed adj., v. awed 'frightened' agi ‘(n.) dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag- WA 3763 View
aʒefullest adj. awful 'most formidable' agi ‘(n.) dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag-
 
WA 16 View
clyntirand adj. 'rocky' klettr (n.) 'cliff (in the landscape), cliff-face, crag, bluff, escarpment' B2ab *klentaz WA 4863 View
bayn adj., adv. bain 'obedient, willing; eagerly' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' A1bc *baina- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 1092, 2158; Pe 807; Cl 1511; Pat 136; Erk 181; WA 323 View
broþe adj.

'angry, fierce, grim'

bráðr ‘immediate, sudden, harsh, fierce, rash'

A1c

*brēða- or *brēþa-

Far bráður, Icel bráður, Norw bråd, Dan brad, Sw bråd

Gaw 1909, 2233; Cl 149, 1409

View
gayn adj. ‘direct, prompt; ready, obedient, profitable, good’ gegn ‘straight, direct, ready, serviceable, kindly’ A1*bc *gagni-  Icel gegn, Norw gjegn, ODan gjen, Dan dial gjen, Sw dial gen Gaw 178, 1241, 1973 etc.; Cl 259, 749; WA 1137, 1318, 3484 etc. View
grayþe adj.

'ready, skilled, competent; powerful'

greiðr ‘ready, free’ 

A1*c

*ga-raið-a

Far greiður, Icel greiður, Norw greid, Sw dial grei, gre

Gaw 448, 597, 2047; Erk 251; WA 162, 1865

View
hundreth adj., n., num. hundred

'hundred'

hundrað ' hundred (normally the so-called ‘long’ hundred, i.e. ‘a hundred and twenty’)'

A1*c

*xunða-raðan- 

Far hundrað, Icel hundrað, Norw hundrad, ODan hundrath, Dan hundred, Sw hundra

Gaw 743, 1144, 1543 etc.; Pe 869, 1107; Cl 315, 426, 442; WA 66, 94, 805* etc.

View
ouerþwert adj., adv., prep. overthwart

'through (a line of), crosswise, horizontal, across'

þverr ‘athwart, across, transverse’

A3*b

*þwerxwa-

Far tvørur, Icel þver, Norw tver, ODan thwær, Dan tvær, OSw þvær, þvar, Sw tvär

Gaw 1438; Cl 316, 1384

View
serlepes adj., adv.

‘separately, in turn; single, individual'

sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.)

A2c

*sē-z

Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, I sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär

Gaw 501; Pe 994

View
skere adj.

'pure'

skærr ‘bright, clear, pure’

A1

*skairi- (or *skairja-)

Far skærur, Icel skær, Norw skjær, ODan skiær, Dan skær, OSw skær, Sw skär

Gaw 1261

View
skete adj., adv.

'quickly'

skjótr ‘quick’

A1*c

*skeutaz

Far skjótur, Icel skjótur, Norw skjot, ODan skiud, OSw skiuter

Gaw 19; Cl 1186; Pat 195

View
stad adj., v. stead

‘placed; put down (in writing); present; standing there’

staddr ‘placed, present’ 

A1*c

*staðaða-

Icel steðja, Norw steda, stede, Dan stede, Sw städa, städja

Gaw 33, 644, 2137;  Cl 90, 806, 983, etc.; Erk 274; WA 465, 499

View
tayt adj.

‘merry, lively, agreeable; vigorous, well-grown’

teitr ‘glad, cheerful’

A1*c

*taita-

Far teitur, Icel teitur, runic Norw tAitʀ

Gaw 988, 1377; Cl 871

View
trayst adj. traist 'sure' treysta ‘to make trusty, try the strength of a thing’ A1c *traustjan- Far troysta, Icel treysta, Norw trøysta, Dan trøyste, OSw trösta, Sw trösta Gaw 1211 View
þro adj. thro, thra ‘bold, angry, intense, steadfast; oppressive; fierce, stubborn’ þrár ‘stubborn, obstinate’  A1c *þrawa- Far tráur, Icel þrár, Norw trå, ODan trå, Sw dial trå(r)  Gaw 645, 1713, 1751 etc.; Pe 344, 868; WA 554, 1246, 1631 View
wayke adj. weak 'weak' veikr (veykr) ‘weak’  A1* *weik(w)a- Far veikur, Icel veikur, Norw veik, Dan veg, Sw vek Gaw 282; WA 1271, 2077, 3587 etc. View
wyʒt adj. wight ‘lively, loud, valiant, strong, fierce; quick’ vígr ‘in fighting state, serviceable’ A2*c *wīga- Icel vígur, Norw andvig, runic Sw wīgaʀ, Sw vig Gaw 119, 261, 1591; Pe 694; Erk 69; WA 765*, 1014, 1798 etc. View
wylsum adj. wilsome ‘bewildering, leading one astray’ villr ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’ A1*c *welþja- Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild Gaw 689 View
kay adj. kay, key 'left' ?keikr ‘bent backward’ B1c ?*kai- or *kai-k ?Icel keikur, Norw keik, Dan dial kei ‘left hand’  Gaw 422 View
ronkled adj., v. runkled 'wrinkled' hrukka ‘wrinkle’ BB1c *xrunkwōn Far rukka, Icel hrukka, Norw rukke, Dan rynke, OSw runkia, Sw rynka Gaw 953 View
þrynne adj. thrin, thrinne

'three(fold)'

þrennr ‘triple, threefold’

B1c

*þrizna-

Far trinnur, Icel þrennur, Norw trinn, ODan thrænnæ, Dan trende, OSw þrænni, þrinni, Sw trenne

Gaw 1868; Cl 606, 645, 1727

View
þryuande adj., n. thriving

‘abundant, hearty, worthy’

þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’

B1c

*þrīfan-

Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva

Gaw 1980; Cl 751

View
vnþryuande adj. unthriving

‘unworthy, ignoble’

þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’

B1c

*þrīfan-

Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva

Gaw 1499

View
þryuen adj., v. thriven

‘fair, grown, honourable, worthy'

þrifinn 'clean, orderly, in good condition'

B1c

*þrīfan-

Icel þrifinn, Norw thriven, ODan treven, MSw þriven

Gaw 1740; Pe 868, 1192; Cl 298, 1571, 1639

View
Word
Etymology