Showing 201 to 250 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
dungen v. ding

'struck'

dengja ‘to hammer (metal), forge; urge/press, ask persistently’

C2ac

*dang(w)jan- or *dengwan-

Far deingja, Icel dengja, Norw dengja, Dan dænge, OSw dængia, Sw dial däng(j)a

Gaw 2105; Cl 1266

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dylle adj. dull

‘slow’

dul, dulr (n.) ‘delusion, concealment, disguise’; cp. dylja (v.) ‘to keep in ignorance, conceal’, údulðr ‘not unaware, knowing’

CCC5c

*dulj-

Far duli, dulur, Icel dul, Norw dul, OSw dul

Pe 680

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*dyngez v. (1) ding; (2) damn

(1) (*dyngez) ‘smites’; (2) (dymnez) ‘condemns’

(1) dengja ‘to hammer (metal), forge; urge/press, ask persistently’ 

D2

(1) *dang(w)jan- or *dengwan-

(1) Far deingja, Icel dengja, Norw dengja, Dan dænge, OSw dængia, Sw dial däng(j)a

Gaw 2105

View
egg n. egg 'egg' egg ‘egg’ A1* *ajja- Far egg, Icel egg, Norw egg, Dan eg, Sw ägg WA  507, 509, 893 View
eggyng n. egging

'urging'

OIcel eggja 'sharpen; egg on, goad, incite'

C2

*agjōjan-

Far eggja, Icel eggja, Norw eggja, Dan ægge, Sw ägge

Cl 241

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enker(-grene) n. enker ‘bright (green)’   einkar ‘especially/most/very, exceptionally’ D1c (1) *ain-  Far onka-, Norw einka, OSw enka, Sw enkom  Gaw 150, 2477 View
ernde n. errand ‘business, mission, errand’ ørendi, erendi, eyrendi ‘errand, message, business, mission; message, speech; strophe’ CCC5ac *ērundja- or *arundja- Far ørindi, Icel erindi, erendi, Norw ærend, Dan ærende, Sw ärende Gaw 257, 559, 809, etc.; Pat 52, 72, 202 View
euen v. even

‘compare, vie’

jafnask ‘to compare oneself, to be equal to, call oneself a match for another’

CCC3

*eƀn-

Pe 1073

View
fale adj., v. (1) 'cheap', in phrase fale of 'unconcerned about'; (2) 'descend'
 
(1) falr 'venal, to be sold' D2 (1) *fala-;  (2) *fallan- Far falur, Icel falur, Norw fal, Dan fal, Sw fal Pat 92 View
faltered v. falter

'staggered'

 faltra-sk ‘to be cumbered’

D1c

(1) *falþ-; (2) *faltra-

Icel faltrast

Gaw 430

View
farand adj. farrand, farrant

'fitting, seemly, splendid'

fara 'to move, go etc., to suit, befit'

D1c

(1) *faran-

Far fara, Icel fara, Norw fara, Dan fare, Sw fara

Gaw 101; Pe 865; Cl 607, 1758

View
farandely adv. 'comfortably' (1) fara 'to move, go etc., to suit, befit' D1c (1) *faran- Far fara, Icel fara, Norw fara, Dan fare, Sw fara Pat 435 View
fawne v. fawn

'to fondle, stroke'

fagna ‘to be fain, rejoice; welcome, receive with good cheer’

CCC2a

*faʒan-

Far fagna, Icel fagna, Norw fagna, ODan fagne, Sw fägne

Gaw 1919

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felaʒes n. fellow

‘companions (i.e. hounds)’

félagi ‘partner, shareholder, fellow, comrade; partner, consort’

C4

*fexu + *leg-

Far felag, felagi, Icel félag, Norw felag, ODan felge, Dan fællig, fælle, OSw fælagh

Gaw 1702

View
felaʒschyp n. fellowship

‘love of fellow men; company; couple’

félagi ‘partner, shareholder, fellow, comrade; partner, consort’

C4

*fexu + *lag- + *skapi-z

Far felag, felagi, Icel félag, Norw felag, ODan felge, Dan fællig, fælle, OSw fælagh

Gaw 652, 2151; Cl 271, 1764

View
fele v. feal

'hide'

fela 'hide, conceal; entrust'

C3c

*felxan-

Far fjala, Icel fela, ODan fiælæ, fialæ, OSw fiæla, fiala, Sw dial fjäla

Cl 914

View
felle n. fell

'fell, precipitous rock'

fjall, fell ‘mountain’

A1bc

*felz-

Far fjall, Icel fjall, Norw fjell, Dan fjeld, fjæld, Sw fjäll

Gaw 723; WA 1211, 4046

View
fere adj. (1) feer, fere; (2) fere

(1) ‘proud, bold’; (2) ‘hale, healthy’

(2) fœrr ‘able, capable, strong; fit for use, safe’

DD2

(2) *fōri-

(2) Far førur, Icel fær, Norw før, Dan før, Sw för

Gaw 103

View
*fere n.

(1) 'fortune, rank, dignity'; (2) 'company'

færi 'capacity, ability, means, possibility'

DD2

?*fōr-i-

(1) Far føri, Icel færi, Norw føre, Dan føre, Sw fōre

Pe 616

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ferly adj. ferly ‘extraordinary, unusual, marvelous; exceedingly, thoroughly’  ferligr ‘monstrous’ DD1 (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 716; Pe 1084 View
ferly n. ferly 'marvel, wonder'  ferligr ‘monstrous’ DD1c (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 23, 2414; Pe 1086; Cl 1529, 1563, 1629; Erk 145 View
ferly adv. ferly ‘wondrously, exceedingly’  ferligr ‘monstrous’; cp. ferliga 'monstrously' DD1c (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 388, 741, 1694; Cl 269, 960, 975; Erk 46 View
ferlyle adj.

'marvellous'

 ferligr ‘monstrous’

DD1c

(1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r-

Cl 1460

View
ferlyly adv. ferlily

‘wondrously, exceedingly; of marvellous things’

 ferligr ‘monstrous’

DD1c

(1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r-

Gaw 796, 2494; Cl 962

View
fest v. fast

'made fast, agreed upon'

festa ‘to fasten; hang up; fix, settle, stipulate’

CC2c

*fastjan-

Far festa, Icel festa, Norw festa, Dan fæste, Sw fästa

Gaw 2347

View
festnen v. fasten

'make firm, bind'

cp. fastna ‘to pledge’

CC2c

*fastinō(j)an-

Gaw 1783; Cl 156, 327, 1255; Pat 273

View
flaʒt n. flaught ‘stretch of turf’ flag 'sod of turf, place where the turf has been cut out'; fláttr 'flaying' CC1c *flax- or *flaʒ- Icel fláttur, Norw flått; cp. Far flag, Icel flag, Norw dial flag, Sw dial flag, flaga; Norw dial flaga, Dan dial flave, Sw flaga Pe 57 View
flake n.

(1) ‘spot, blemish’; (2) ‘fold’

(1i) flekkr ‘fleck, spot’; (1ii) flagna ‘to flake or chip off’; (2) flaki ‘hurdle’

DD2

(1i) *flekk-az; (1ii) *flak-; (2) *flak-

(1i) Far flekkur, Icel flekkur, Norw flekk, ODan flek, Sw fläck; (1ii) Icel flagna, Norw flagna, Sw flagna; (2) Far flaki, Icel flaki, fleki, Norw flake, Dan dial flage, Sw dial flake

Pe 947

View
flakerande v. flacker

'fluttering'

cp. flakka 'rove about'

CC1a

*flakkō(j)an-

cp. Far flakka, Icel flakka, Norw flakka, Dan flakke, Sw flacka

Cl 1410

View
flakes n. flakes

'flakes, lumps'

cp. flagna (v.) ‘to flake or chip off’

DD1

*flak-

Norw flak 'slice, detatched piece'; cp. Icel flagna, Norw flagna, Sw flagna

Cl 954

View
flat n. flat

'plain'

flatr ‘flat, level’

C1bc

*flat- 

Far flatur, Icel flatur, Norw flat, Dan flad, Sw flat; Icel flötur; Far fløta, Icel flöt, Norw flot, flote

Gaw 507, *Pe 127

View
flaunkes n.

'sparks'

BB1

?*flank-

Sw (snö)flanka

Cl 954

View
flitt v. flit 'move' flytja ‘cause to flit, carry, convey; recite, deliver; perform’ C1 *flutjan Far flyta, flytja, Icel flytja, Norw flytja, Dan flytte, OSw flytta, Sw flytta WA 2173, 2439, 3784 etc. View
flonc v. flung 'rush, shoot' *flinga, cp. flengja 'to throw, fling' B1 *flenga- Norw flengja Pe 1165; WA 831*, 1218, 1348, etc. View
flosche n. flosh

'pool'

DD1bc

(2) Icel flaski, Norw flask, Dan flaske, Sw flask

Gaw 1430

View
flosed v.

'fell in strands'

cp. flosna 'hang loose, wither', flosa 'slice, shell'

D1c

*flus-

Far flosna, Icel flosna, Norw flosna; Icel flosa, Norw flose, flose

Cl 1689

View
flot n.

'scum'

flot 'floating, being afloat; lard, dripping'

CC3c

*flutan

Far flot, Icel flot, Norw flot, Dan flod, flåd, Sw flott

Cl 1011

View
fnast v. fnast

‘snorted, panted’

fnasa 'to sneeze, snort, snort in rage'

CCC3c

*fnēst-

Icel fnasa, fnása, Dan fnase

Gaw 1587, 1702 

View
fogge n. fog 'coarse grass' D1c Norw fogg, fjagg, fjogg, fugg Cl 1683 View
fonge v. fang ‘to take, receive, get; welcome, entertain; derive’ fanga ‘to fetch, capture’ CCC1ac *fanxan- Far fanga, Icel fanga, Norw fanga, Dan fange, OSw fænga Gaw 391, 646, 816, etc.; Pe 439, 479, 884; Cl 457, 540 View
forbrent v.

'burned up'

brenna 'to burn (intrans. and trans.)'

C2ac

*ƀrennan- or *ƀrannjan-

Far brenna, Icel brenna, Norw brenna, Dan brænde, Sw brinna; Far brenna, Icel brenna, Norw brenna, ODan brænnæ, Dan brænde, OSw bränna, Sw bränna

Pe 1139

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fordolked adv.

(1) 'grievously wounded'; (2) 'made dull, stupified'; (3) 'despoiled, robbed'

(3) cp. dokk, dokka 'windlass'

DD2

(1) *dulʒ-; (2) *dul-; (3) *dukk-

(3) Icel dokkur, Norw dokke; Icel dokk, Norw dokka, Sw docka

Pe 11

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forʒ n. (1) force; (2) furrow

(1) ‘waterfall’; (2) ‘channel, bed’

(1) fors ‘waterfall; cascade of water, giant wave; rushing water course, turbulent stream’ 

DD2

(1) *fursa-; (2) *furxō

(1) Far forsur, Icel fors, foss, Norw fors, foss, Dan fors, fos, Sw fors

Gaw 2173

View
forgarte v. ‘forfeited, ruined, made corruptible’ gǫrr (neut. gǫr-t), pp. of gera, gør(v)a 'to make, do' A1*c *garwa- Far ger-, Icel ger, ODan gør, Dan gør-, OSw gor, gör; Pe 321; Cl 240 View
forgat v. forget 'forgot' A1*c *getan-  Gaw 2031; WA 3276 View
forgif v. forgive

'forgive'

gefa 'to give', cp. fyr-gefa, fyrir-gefa 'forgive'

A1*c

*geƀan-

Far geva, Icel gefa, Norw giva, Dan runic gaf (past sg.), giƀu (pres. 1st sg.), Dan give, Sw giva

Cl 731; Pat 404, 407

View
forlondez n. foreland

‘forelands, promontories’/‘low-lying lands’

forlendi ‘the land between the hills and sea’

CC3

*fur(a) + *lanðan 

Gaw 699

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forloteʒ v. 'overlook'
 
láta 'to put, place, suffer, grant; to leave off; to let, cause, make (etc.); cp. fyrir-láta 'let go, give up' A1*c *lētan- Far lata, láta, Icel láta, Norw låta, Dan lade, Sw låta Cl 101 View
forne adv. forne

'of old'

 forn ‘old’

CCC3b

*furna- or *fur-an-

cp. Far fornur, Icel forn, Norw forn, Dan forn, Sw forn

Gaw 2422

View
forth n. ford

'ford'

cp. fjǫrðr ‘firth, fjord, inlet’ 

CCC2bc

*furð-

Gaw 1585, 1617; Pe 150

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Etymology