Showing 251 to 300 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
fraward prep. 'away from' frá ‘from’  A1* *frama WA 1289 1335, 1759 View
frayn v. frayne, freyne

‘to ask, inquire (of); make trial of’

fregna ‘to ask; to hear, be informed’

CCC1c

*frexnan-

Far fregna, Icel fregna, Norw frega, fregna, ODan fregne, OSw fräghna, Sw dial frega

Gaw 359, 489, 703, etc.; Pe 129

View
frayst v.

‘to ask (for), seek; make trial of, test, examine’

freista ‘to try, test, tempt’ 

A1ac

*fraistō(j)an- 

Far freista, froysta, Icel freista, Nor freista, Dan friste, Sw fresta

Gaw 279, 324, 391 etc.; Pe 169; Cl 1736; WA 2019, 3366, 

View
freles adj.

‘flawless’

frýjulauss 'blameless'

DD1c

Pe 431

View
fro adv., prep. fro 'away from, from' frá ‘from’  A1*c *frama Far frá, Icel frá, Norw frå, ODan fran, fra, Dan fra, Sw från, Sw dial frå Gaw 138, 156, 344 etc.; Pe 10, 13, 46 etc.; Cl 31, 129, 221 etc.; Pat 31,129, 221 etc.; Erk 12, 107, 116, etc.; WA 56, 136, 139 etc. View
fro conj. fro

‘(after the time) when, after’

frá ‘from’ 

A1*c

*frama

Far frá, Icel frá, Nor frå, ODan fran, fra, Dan fra, Sw från, Sw dial frå

Gaw 8, 62; Pe 251, 375, 958; Cl 353, 833, 1069 etc.; Pat 243; WA 725*, 2437

View
froþande adj.

'frothing, festering'

froða (n., fem.) ‘froth’; frauð (n., neut.) ‘froth’ 

C1

*fruþ- or *frauþ-

Far froða, froði, Icel froðe, Norw frode, froda, Dan fråde, Sw dial fruddo, frådas; Far froyður, Icel frauð, Norw fraud, Sw dial fraud, fröda, frau

Cl 1721

View
froþe n. froth

'froth'

froða ‘froth’; frauð ‘froth’  

C1

*fruþ- or *frauþ- 

Far, froða, froði, Icel froðe, Norw frode, froda, Dan fråde, Sw dial fruddo, frådas; Far froyður, Icel frauð, Norw fraud, Sw dial fraud, fröda, frau

Gaw 1572

View
fryst v. frist

'hold back'

fresta 'defer, put up with; delay, tarry'

CC2ac

*frest- 

Icel fresta

Cl 743

View
fyked v. fike 'flinched' fíkjask ‘to desire eagerly’, fíkjum (adv.) ‘eagerly, very’, fíkinn (adj.) ‘greedy, eager’ CC3a *fik-, *fīk-  Icel fíkjast, Norw fik, Sw fik; Icel, Norw fika, Dan fige, Sw fikja, fika; Far ny-fiken, Icel fíkinn, Norw fiken, Dan ny-figen, Sw dial fiken Gaw 2274 View
fyskez v. fisk ?‘scampers’  (2a) fýsa ‘to exhort’ (2b) fýsask ‘to wish’ D1 (2) *funsa- (1) Norw dial fjaska, Sw dial fjäska, fjaska; (2) Far fýsa, Icel fýsa, Norw fŷsa, Dan fyse Gaw 1704 View
galle n. gall ‘spot of impurity, filth, impurity’ galli ‘defect, flaw’ CC3c *gall- Icel galli, Dan galle, OSw galle Pe 189, 915, 1060; Cl 1022, 1525; Pat 285 View
galt n. galt 'boar' galti (wk. masc.) ‘boar’, gǫltr (masc.st.) ‘boar; wild animal’ C5ac *galt- WA 4743 View
gareʒ v. gar 'make, cause' gǫrr (neut. gǫr-t), pp. of gera, gør(v)a  'to make, do'  A1*c *garwa- Far ger-, Icel ger, ODan gør, Dan gør-, OSw gor, gör Gaw 2460; Pe 86, 331, 1151; Cl 690, 896, 1361 etc.; WA 191, 1219, 3860 etc. View
ʒarm n. yarm 'clamour' jarmr 'bleating' C2c *erma- Far jarm(an), Icel jarmur, Norw jerm Cl 971 View
ʒarmand v. yarm, yirm, yerm 'howl' jarma 'to bleat' C2c *erma- Far jarma, Icel jarma, Norw jarma, jerma, ODan jarme, Sw dial jarma, järma WA 4745 View
garysoun n. garrison ‘keepsake, treasure’ cp. gersemi, gersimi, giersom (etc.) (or gør-) ‘costly thing, jewel, treasure (literal and figurative)’  FCC3 *warjan-  cp. Far gersemi, gersimi, Icel gersemi,  Dan gørsum, OSw gärsimi, görsum, görsim Gaw 1255, 1807, 1837 View
gate n. gate 'way, road, path; way, manner' gata ‘way, path, road’ B2abc *gatwōn  Far gata, gøta, Icel gata, Norw gate, gote, Dan gade, Sw gata Gaw 696, 709, 778, etc.; Pe 395, 526, 619, etc.; Cl 676, 767, 931; Erk 241; WA 143, 812*, 1310 etc. View
ʒaule v. yawl 'to yowl, howl' gaula ‘to low, bellow, howl’ BB2ac ?*gaul- Far geyla, Icel gaula, Norw gaula, Sw gjöla Gaw 1453 View
gayn prep. ‘opposite’ (í) gegn 'in opposition, against, in return' A1*c *gagni- Far (í)gegn, Icel gegn, Dan igen, OSw gen Pe 138 View
gayn adj. ‘direct, prompt; ready, obedient, profitable, good’ gegn ‘straight, direct, ready, serviceable, kindly’ A1*bc *gagni-  Icel gegn, Norw gjegn, ODan gjen, Dan dial gjen, Sw dial gen Gaw 178, 1241, 1973 etc.; Cl 259, 749; WA 1137, 1318, 3484 etc. View
gayn adv.

‘promptly’

gegn ‘straight, direct, ready, serviceable, kindly’

A1*c

*gagni- 

Icel gegn, Norw gjegn, ODan gjen, Dan dial gjen, Sw dial gen

Gaw 1621

View
gayn v. ‘to profit, be of use; suit' gegna ‘to meet, pay, discharge, be fitting, signify’ A1* *gagnjan- Far gegna, Icel gegna, Norw gjegna, Dan gjenne, Sw dial gena Gaw 584, 1829; Pe 343; Cl 1608; Pat 164, 348; WA 181, 2746 View
gayne n. gain

(1) ‘gain, what you obtained’; (2) ‘advantage, benefit, what has accrued’

(2) gegn (adj.) ‘straight, direct, ready, serviceable, kindly’

D2

(1) *waiþ-; (2) *gagniz

(2) Icel gegn, Norw gjegn, Dan dial gjen, Sw genast, Sw dial gen, gin

Gaw 2349

View
ʒayned v. yain

‘met, greeted’

gegna ‘to meet, pay, discharge, be fitting, signify’

CCC3a

*gagnjan-

Far gegna, Icel gegna, Norw gjegna, Dan gjenne, Sw dial gena

Gaw 1724

View
gaynly adj. gainly

'gracious'

gegn ‘straight, direct, ready, serviceable, kindly’

A1*bc

*gagni-

Icel gegn, Norw gjegn, ODan gjen, Dan dial gjen, Sw dial gen

Cl 728; Pat 83

View
gaynly adv. ‘appropriately, appositely, fitly, rightly’ gegn ‘straight, direct, ready, serviceable, kindly’, cp. gegnliga 'suitably' A1*c *gagni-  Icel gegn, Norw gjegn, ODan gjen, Dan dial gjen, Sw dial gen Gaw 476, 1297 View
ʒeʒe v.

‘cry (as wares), cry (for), shout’

geyja ‘to bark; scoff at, blaspheme’

CCC1a

*gau-jan-

Far goyggja, Icel geyja, Norw gøya, Dan , Sw

Gaw 67, 1215; Cl 846

View
gere n. gear

(1) ‘gear, apparatus, equipment’; (2) ‘doings, behaviour’

(1) gervi, gørvi ‘gear, apparel’ 

DD2

(1) *garwj-; (2) *garwj- or *ger-

(1) Icel gervi

Gaw 2205

View
gere n. gear ‘clothes, gear, armour; bedclothes; equipment, rigging; ?doings, behaviour’ gervi, gørvi ‘gear, apparel’  A1* *garwj- Icel gervi Gaw 569, 584, 1470; Cl 16, 1505, 1811, Pat 148; WA 131, 790*, 824* etc. View
gere v. gear ‘to clothe, attire; fashion, construct’ gera, gør(v)a 'to make, do'  A1*c *garwjan- Far gera, Icel gera, gjöra, Norw gjera, Dan runic kaurua, kirua, Dan gøra, Sw göra Gaw 179, 791, 957 etc.; Cl 1344, 1444, 1568 View
ʒere-ʒiftes n. gift

'New Year's gifts'

gift ‘gift’

CC3a

*geftiz

Far gift, Icel gift, Norw gift, Dan gift, Sw gift

Gaw 67

View
gerrethis n. 'hoops' gjǫrð, gerð ‘belt, girdle; waist; saddle girth; hoop (on a barrel, etc.), headband, band on a helmet’ A1c *gerđō Far gjørð, Icel gjörð, Norw gjord, Dan gjord, Sw gjord View
gesse v. guess 'conceive, form an idea, believe, suppose, imagine, intend, judge etc.' C2a *get- Norw dial gissa, Dan gisse, Sw gissa, cp. Icel gizka Pe 499; WA 577, 990, 2071 etc. View
gest n. guest 'guest' gestr ‘guest, stranger’  A1* *gastiz  PrN runic -gastiʀ, Far gestur, Icel gestur, Norw gjest, Dan gæst, Sw gäst Gaw 921, 1024, 1036 etc.; Pe 277; Cl 98, 641, 830 etc.; WA 460, 485, 497 etc. View
get n. get 'begetting; child; thing obtained, something one has got' get, geta 'guess', supposition'  A1* *get- Icel geta Gaw 1638; WA 391, 435, 473 etc. View
gete v. get ‘to get, seize, fetch, procure, capture; beget' geta 'get, engender'  A1*c *getan-  Far gita, Icel geta, Norw gita, gjeta, Dan gide, OSw gita, gæta, Sw gitta, Sw dial gäta  Gaw 1171, 1571, 1625 etc.; Pe 95; Cl 1505; Pat 212, 423; Erk 241; WA 188, 473, 756 etc. View
ʒette v. yate 'to grant' játa or játta ‘to say yes, assent, acknowledge, grant, yield’ B2ac ?*jē + -at(j)an or *jextō(j)anan  Icel játa, Norw jata, ODan jate, OSw jata, jæta; Far játta, Icel játta, Norw jatta, ODan jætte, jatte, OSw jatta Gaw 776; Pe 558 View
gif v. give ‘to give, grant; surrender; wish; show, make clear’ gefa 'to give' A1*c *geƀan- Far geva, Icel gefa, Norw giva, Dan runic gaf (past sg.), giƀu (pres. 1st sg.), Dan give, Sw giva Gaw 288, 297, 365 etc.; Pe 174, 270, 543 etc.; Cl 259, 753 1326 etc.; Pat 204, 226; Erk 276, 282; WA 181, 813, 1035 etc. View
gifte n. gift 'gift; giving' gift 'gift' A1*c *geftiz Far gift, Icel gift, Norw gift, Dan gift, Sw gift Gaw 68, 288,  1500 etc.; Pe 565, 607; Pat 335; WA 1660, 2027, 2407 etc. View
giles n. gills 'gills' gjǫlnar 'gills' A1c *gel- Dan gjælle, Sw gäl, gel Pat 269 View
gill-stremes n. gill 'streams from a gorge' gil 'deep, narrow glen with a stream at the bottom' A1bc *gil- Far gil, Icel gil, Norw gil WA 3231 View
glam n. glam

‘din, noise of merrymaking, uproar, speech’

glamm  ‘noise, tinkling sound’ 

BB1c

?*ga-xlam-, ?*glam

Icel glam, glamm, Norw glam, Dan glam, OSw glam, Sw glam

Gaw 1426, 1652; Cl 499, 830, 849; Pat 63; WA 5504

View
glauereʒ v. ?glaver

'deceives'

cp. glaðr (adj.) 'glad'

DD1

?*glaða-

Pe 688

View
glaum n. (1a) (reading glaum (ande …)) ‘noise of merrymaking’;  (1b) (reading glaumande) ‘noisy’;  (2) (reading *glamm (ande …)) ‘din, noise of merrymaking’. (1) glaumr ‘merry noise’; (2) glamm, glamr ‘noise, tinkling sound’ D2 (1) *glaumaz; (2) ?*ga-xlam-, ?*glam (1) Far gleimur, Icel glaumur, Norw gløym, OSw glømber; (2) Icel glamm, Norw glam, Dan glam, OSw glam, Sw glam Gaw 46 View
glaymande adj., v.

'slimy'

kleima 'to daub, smear, dabble'

D1

?*klaimjan-
 

Far kleima, Icel kleima, Norw kleima, Sw dial klema

Pat 269

View
glemered v. glimmer

'gleamed'

CC1a

*glim-

Dan glimre, MSw glimra

Gaw 172

View
glent v. glent ‘move quickly aside, deviate; glanced, flinched, sprang; glinted, shone; looked’ glettask ‘to banter, rail against one’ BB2ac *glent- Far glett, gletta, Icel gletta, Norw gletta, glette, glenta, glanta, Sw dial glänta, glätta, glinta  Gaw 82, 172, 476, etc.; Pe 70, 671, 1001, etc. ; Cl 218, Erk 241; WA 4817 View
glent n. glent 'glance' glettask ‘to banter, rail against one’, cp. glett(r) ‘banter’ BB2c *glant- Far glett, gletta, Icel gletta, Norw gletta, glette, glenta, glanta, Sw dial glänta, glätta, glinta  Gaw 1290; Pe 114, 1144 View
glode n. glode 'open space, patch (of sky)' sólar-glaðan ‘sunset’ DD1bc (1) *glaið- (2) Norw glott, Shetl gloderek, gloderet, glodere, glod(er); (3) Norw dial glada, Sw dial gladas, gla(d)na  Gaw 2181, 2266; Pe 79; Erk 75 View
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Etymology