Showing 251 to 300 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
glyʒt v. glee, gley 'glanced, looked; glinted' gljá ‘to glitter’  DD1c (2) *glīw- Far glíggja, Icel gljá, Norw glå, gljå, Sw dial glia Gaw 842, 970; Pe 114 View
glent v. glent ‘move quickly aside, deviate; glanced, flinched, sprang; glinted, shone; looked’ glettask ‘to banter, rail against one’ BB2ac *glent- Far glett, gletta, Icel gletta, Norw gletta, glette, glenta, glanta, Sw dial glänta, glätta, glinta  Gaw 82, 172, 476, etc.; Pe 70, 671, 1001, etc. ; Cl 218, Erk 241; WA 4817 View
glent n. glent 'glance' glettask ‘to banter, rail against one’, cp. glett(r) ‘banter’ BB2c *glant- Far glett, gletta, Icel gletta, Norw gletta, glette, glenta, glanta, Sw dial glänta, glätta, glinta  Gaw 1290; Pe 114, 1144 View
glyfte v. gliff ‘glanced (sidelong)’ DD1c (1) *gliƀ-  (2) ?Sw gliff Gaw 2265; Cl 849 View
glemered v. glimmer

'gleamed'

CC1a

*glim-

Dan glimre, MSw glimra

Gaw 172

View
glyter v. glitter 'to glitter' glitra ‘to glitter’ CC1a *glit-  Far glitra, Icel glitra, Norw glitra, ODan glidre, Sw glittra Gaw 604, 2039 View
glode n. glode 'open space, patch (of sky)' sólar-glaðan ‘sunset’ DD1bc (1) *glaið- (2) Norw glott, Shetl gloderek, gloderet, glodere, glod(er); (3) Norw dial glada, Sw dial gladas, gla(d)na  Gaw 2181, 2266; Pe 79; Erk 75 View
gloue n. glove 'gauntlet, glove' glófi ‘glove’  CCC1 *glōf- Far glógvi, Icel glófi, Sw dial glovatang Gaw 583, 1799, 1807; WA 1984 View
grayþely adv. gradely ‘readily, promptly, at once; truly; aptly; duly, as was right; pleasantly’ greiðr ‘ready, free’, cp. greiðiliga, greiðliga, 'readily, promptly'  A1*c *ga-raið-a Far greiður, Icel greiður, Norw greid, Sw dial grei, gre Gaw 417, 876, 1006 etc.; Pe 499; Cl 341; Pat 240, 286; WA 201, 756 View
grayn n. grain ‘arm or valley of the sea; blade (of axe)/spike?’ grein 'branch, division' A1b *grainō  Far grein, Icel grein, Norw grein, Dan grēn, OSw grēn, Sw gren Gaw 211; WA 2451, 3375 View
grayþe v. graith ‘get ready (reflex.); arrayed, prepared, set (pp.); achieve’ greiða ‘to arrange, make ready, pay, interpret’ A1*c *ga-raiðjan- Far greiða, Icel greiða, Norw greida, Sw greja, Sw dial greda Gaw 74, 109, 151 etc.; Cl 343, 1485; Pat 53; WA 790*, 812*, 1453 etc. View
gres n. grass

'grass, plant of grass or corn'

-gresi (e.g. illgresi ‘weed’)

CC1ac

*grasa- 

 ODan græs, OSw græs, Sw gräs

Gaw 235, 527, 2181; Pe 10, 31, 245; Cl 1028

View
greme n. greme

‘wrath, resentment; grief; mortification; hurt’

gremi ‘wrath, anger’

CC1ac

*grama- or *gramjan-

Far gremi, Icel gremi, Norw gremme

Gaw 312, 1507, 2251, etc.; Pe 465; Cl 16, 947; WA 4157

View
gre-houndez n. greyhound 'greyhounds' grey 'bitch', grey-hundr 'greyhound' BBB1 *grawja- or *grauja- Icel grey Gaw 1171  View
gryndel adj. grindel

'fierce, angry'

(1) grindill 'destroyer'; (2) grim(m)ð ‘vehemence, malice, ferocity, fierceness, violence’

DD1c

(1) *grend-; (2) *gremmiþō

Far grimd, Icel grimmd

Gaw 2338; Pat 524

View
*gryndellayk n. grindel

'fierceness'

(1) grindill 'destroyer'; (2) grim(m)ð ‘vehemence, malice, ferocity, fierceness, violence’

DD1c

(1) *grend-; (2) *gremmiþō

Far grimd, Icel grimmd

Gaw 312 

View
gryndelly adv. grindel

‘fiercely, wrathfully’

(1) grindill 'destroyer'; (2) grim(m)ð ‘vehemence, malice, ferocity, fierceness, violence’

DD1c

(1) *grend-; (2) *gremmiþō

Far grimd, Icel grimmd

Gaw 2299

View
grome n. groom

‘lackey, servant; man’

?grómr ‘man’

DD1

(1) *grem- (gram-, grum-); (3) *grō-

Far gróma, grómutur, Icel gróm

Gaw 1006, 1127 

View
grouelyng adv. grovelling

‘prostrate’

grúfa (n.) ‘position of being face-downwards’, in phrase á grúfu 'bent over, in a grovelling position’

B2

*grūƀ-

Far á grúgva, Norw gruv

Pe 1120

View
grwe n. grue

(1) ‘grain, jot’ (i.e. no grwe ‘not at all’); (2) ‘horror, dread, fear’.

DD2

(1) *grūt; (2) *grūw-

Dan gru; cp. Norw gruva, ODan gruve, grye, Dan grue, OSw grūva sik, Sw gruva sig

Gaw 2251

View
gryed v. grye

'shuddered'

DD1c

(1) *grū-

(1) Norw gruva, OSw grūva sik (Sw gruva sig), ODan gruve, grye (Dan grue)

Gaw 2370

View
gesse v. guess 'conceive, form an idea, believe, suppose, imagine, intend, judge etc.' C2a *get- Norw dial gissa, Dan gisse, Sw gissa, cp. Icel gizka Pe 499; WA 577, 990, 2071 etc. View
gest n. guest 'guest' gestr ‘guest, stranger’  A1* *gastiz  PrN runic -gastiʀ, Far gestur, Icel gestur, Norw gjest, Dan gæst, Sw gäst Gaw 921, 1024, 1036 etc.; Pe 277; Cl 98, 641, 830 etc.; WA 460, 485, 497 etc. View
gunnes n. guns 'war engines' Gunnhildr (gunnr 'war' (poetic) + hildr 'battle') A1* *gunþz WA 2227 View
haile interj. hail 'hail' heill (adj.) 'whole, healed' A1* *xaila-
 
Far heilur, Icel heill, Norw heil, Dan hel, Sw hel WA 228, 235, 4929 etc. View
hores n. hairs

'hairs, (eye)lashes'

hár 'hair'

A1*c

*xēran

Far hár, Icel hár, Norw hår, Dan hår, Sw hår

Cl 1695; WA 227, 320, 854, etc.

View
hale v. hale ‘to draw; loose (from bow); rise, come, go, pass; take a drink (from)’ hala ‘to haul, pull’  BBB2a *xalōjan- Far hála, Icel hala, Norw hala, Dan hale Gaw 136, 458, 788, etc.; Cl 380, 1520; Pat 219 View
half-suster n. half-sister

'half-sister'

systir ‘sister’

CC2

*swestēr, *swestōr

Far systir, Icel systir, runic Norw swestar, Norw syster, ODan runic systiʀ, ODan systir, systær, Dan søster, Sw syster

Gaw 2464

View
hondeselle n. handsel, hansel

‘gift (at New Year)’

hand(s)-sal (neut.), ‘the transference of a right, bargain, duty to another by joining hands’

CC4

*xanðuz + *saljan-

Icel handsal, OSw handsal

Gaw 66, 491 

View
henge v. hang ‘to hang (trans. and intrans.), weigh’ hengja  ‘to hang’ CC1ac *xang- Far heingja, Icel hengja, Norw hengja, Dan hænga, Sw hänga Gaw 117, 182, 477, etc.; Cl 1584, 1734; WA 27, 779, 3260 etc. View
hap n. hap

'happiness, good fortune'

happ ‘good luck, chance’

C1

*xap(p)- 

Far happ, Icel happ, Norw happ, Sw dial happ

Gaw 48; Pe 16, 713, 1195; Cl 24; Pat 11, 29, 212; WA 3272, 4346, 4937

View
happe v. hap ‘to cover; to wrap, clasp, fasten’ (2) cp. hespa 'fastening'; (3) hefta, hepta 'to bind, fetter, hold back, restrain'  DD1c (1) *haf-; (2) *hasp-; (3) *haft- (1) Dan happe, hjappe, Sw happe, hjappe; (3) Far hefta, Icel hefta, Norw hefta, Dan hefte, Sw häfta  Gaw 655, 864, 1224; Cl 626; Pat 450 View
hapeneʒ v. happens

'befalls'

happ (n.) ‘good luck, chance’; cp. heppnast (v.) 'to have good luck'

C1

*xap(p)-

Far happ, Icel happ, Norw happ, Sw dial happ

Cl 27

View
herber n. harbour, habor

'lodging'

herbergi ‘inn; closet, room’, 

CCC4a

*xarjaz + *ƀerʒō 

Far herbergi, Icel herbergi, Norw herbyrgi, Dan herberg(e), Sw härberge

Gaw 755, 812

View
herber v. harbour, habor

'to lodge'

cp. herbergja ‘to harbour a person; lodge, take in’

CCC4a

*xarjaz + *ƀerʒō 

Far herbergi, Icel herbergi, Norw herbyrgi, Dan herberg(e), Sw härberge

Gaw 805, 2481 

View
herneʒ n. harn

'brains'

hjarni 'brain'

B2c

*xerznan

Norw hjerne, Dan hjerne, Sw hjärna, hjärne

Pe 58; WA 839, 2545

View
haspe n. hasp

‘clasp, i.e. door-pin’

hespa ‘wisp or skein of wool; hasp, fastening’

CCC2

*xasp-

Far hespa, Icel hespa, Norw hespe, hespa, Dan haspe, Sw hasp

Gaw 1233

View
haspe v. hasp ‘to clasp, fasten’ cp. hespa (n.) ‘wisp or skein of wool; hasp, fastening’ CCC2 *xasp- Far hespa, Icel hespa, Norw hespe, hespa, Dan haspe, Sw hasp Gaw 281, 590, 607, etc.; Cl 419; Pat 381 View
hate n. hate

'hatred, anger, punishment'

hatr (masc. or neut.) 'hate, enmity'

CC2

*xat- or *xat-iz-

Far hatur, Icel hatur, Norw hat, Dan had, Sw hat

Pe 463; Cl 714, 915

View
hauen n. haven

'harbour'

hǫfn 'haven, harbour'

BB2a

*xaƀanō

Far havn, høvn, Icel höfn, Norw hamn, ODan hafn, Dan havn, OSw hamn, Sw hamn

Cl 420; Pat 108; WA 1160

View
*heuydsman n. headsman

'leader'

hǫfuðsmaðr 'chief, leader'

CC4c

*xaƀuđa- + *mannz

WA 441

View
helder adv. helder 'rather, more' heldr ‘more, rather; very; but, on the contrary; soonest, especially’ C1c *xalð-iz- Far heldur, Icel heldri, heldur, Norw helder, Dan heller(e), Sw heller, hellre Gaw 376, 430; WA 1016, 1140, 1633* etc. View
hellid v. hell

'poured'

hella 'to pour out'

A1*c

*xalþjan-

Far hella, Icel hella, Norw hella, Dan helde, hælde, Sw hälla

WA 3813

View
heþen adv. hethen 'hence, away' heðan ‘hence; henceforth’ B1c *xin- or *xið-  Far heðan(i), hiðan, Icel héðan, Norw hedan, Dan heden, Sw hädan Gaw 1794, 1879; Pe 271; WA 4487, 4565, 4650, etc. View
hilen v. hill

'covered, concealed'

hylja 'to hide, cover'

C1a

*xuljan-

Far hylja, Icel hylja, Norw hylja, Dan hylle, Sw hölja

Cl 1397; WA 146, 1010, 3450 etc.

View
hitte v. hit ‘to hit, smite; fall, drop to; to chance, attain as a result; come upon, find' hitta ‘to hit upon, meet; hit, strike’ B2 ?*hit-atjan or *hiþþijan Far hitta, Icel hitta, Norw hitta, Dan hitte, Sw hitta Gaw 427, 1455, 1459, etc.; Pe 132; Cl 479; Pat 289, 380; WA 445, 512, 839 etc. View
holkked v. holk, hawk

'gouged (out)'

BBB2ac

*xul-k-

Sw hålka

Cl 1222

View
homly adj. homely

'belonging to the household'

heimuligr 'private, belonging to the household'

CCC3a

*xaim-

Norw heimeleg, ODan hemmelig , hiemmelig, Dan hemmelig, OSw hemeliker , hemelikin , hemelig, Sw hemelig

Pe 1211

View
hoo interj. hoo 'stop!' ‘ho!’  BBB2a Icel , ho, Norw ho, hu  Gaw 2330 View
howis n. how, howe 'mounds' haugr 'mound, burial mound' C3bc *xauga- Far heyggjur, heygur, Icel haugur, Norw haug, Dan høi, høj, Sw hög WA 3486 View
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Etymology