Showing 351 to 400 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
littel adj., adv., n. little

'little'

lítill 'little'

CCC5c

*lūt- or *līt-

Far lítil, Icel lítill, Norw liten, Dan liden, Sw liten

Gaw 30, 1183, 1250 etc.; Pe 172, 301, 387, etc.; Cl 215, 233, 451 etc.; Pat 59, 94, 256 etc.; Erk 160, 165

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layth adj. loath, loth

'loathsome, hateful; unwilling'

leiðr 'loathed, disliked'

A1*c

*laiþa-

Far leiður, Icel leiður, Norw leid, ODan leth, Dan led, OSw leþer, Sw led

Pat 401; WA 1258, 4748, 4793 etc.; WA 1258, 3866, 4748

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lockis v. lock 'locks, shuts in' loka 'lock, shut', lykja 'lock, shut, enclose' CCC1 *luk- Far loka, Icel loka; Icel lykja, Norw lykkja, ODan lykke, Dan lukke, OSw lykkia, Sw lycka WA 4956, 5495 View
lofte n. loft ‘upper room; high place; air’ loft ‘air, atmosphere, sky, heaven; space; loft, upper room; balcony’ C1b *luft-a-n Far loft, luft, Icel loft, lopt, Norw loft, luft, Dan loft, luft, Sw loft, luft Gaw 788, 1096, 1676 etc.; Cl 206, 318, 692 etc.; Pat 237, 449; Erk 81; WA 196, 221 385 etc. View
loue n. loof 'palms, hands' lófi 'palm' C1c *lōfōn Far lógvi, Icel lófi, Norw love, ODan love, Dan love, Sw love Cl 987; Erk 349; WA 2067, 2569 View
loupe n. loop

'loop'

(1) hlaup ‘leap, jump’, hlaupa ‘to leap, jump; run’  

DD1c

(1) *xlaup-

(1) Icel hlaup, Norw laup, Dan løb, Sw löp; Far leypa, Icel hlaupa, Norw laupa, Dan løbe, Sw löpa

Gaw 591 

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lausen v. loose

'to loosen, undo, break, alleviate, utter, relieve'

lauss ‘loose, free (etc.)’ 

A1*

*lausa-

Far leysur, Icel laus, Norw laus, Dan løs, Sw lös

Gaw 1784, 2376; Cl 668, 957,966 etc.; Erk 165, 178; WA 788*

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lowe adv. low 'low; lowly, humbly' lágr ‘low’  A1* *lēga- Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg Gaw 972, 2236; Pe 236, 547; Cl 798; WA 196, 495, 1012 etc.  View
loʒe adj. low 'low, low lying, below, short; in lowly condition, humble' lágr ‘low’  A1* *lēga- Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg Gaw 302, 1040, 1170 etc., Pe 547, 1001; Cl 28, 798, 1761; Erk 147, 334; WA 199, 495 etc. View
lowe n. lowe 'flame' logi 'flame' B2ac *lugōn Far logi, Icel logi, Norw loge, Dan lue, Sw låga WA 4177, 4179 View
lawid v. lowe ‘to burn (with passion), to be shining, brilliant’ loga ‘to burn with a flame’ B2ac *lug-, *lux- Far loga, Icel loga, Norw loga, Dan lue, Sw låga Gaw 679, 868; WA 226 View
lowly adj. lowly

'modest'

lágr ‘low’, cp. lágligr (adj.) 'low'

A1*

*lēga-

Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg

WA 4620

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loʒly adv. lowly

'humbly, with deference'

lágr ‘low’, cp. lágliga 'lowly'

A1*

*lēga-

Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg

Gaw 851, 1960; Cl 614, 745

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luged v. lug

'lurched'


 

B1

Norw dial lugga, lugge, Sw lugga

Cl 443; WA 3942

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mayn adj. main

'great, strong'

megn, meginn ‘strong’

CC1a

*maʒen-

Icel megn, Norw megna

Gaw 94, 187, 336 etc.

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make n. make 'mate, spouse'
 
maki 'match' CC1 *makōn Far maki, Icel maki, Norw make, Dan mage, Sw make Pe 759, Cl 248, 331, 334 etc. View
manslatir n. manslaughter 'murder' slátr 'butcher's meat, slaughter' C1 *slaxt- Far slátur, Icel slátur, Norw slåtr WA 4486 View
merke v. mark ‘to be marked out, situated; record, set down; aim (a blow) at, cut; create, make, fashion’ merkja ‘to draw; mark, sign, note, observe; beckon, show; denote, signify’ CC2 *markjan- Far merkja, Icel merkja, Norw merkja, Dan mærke, Sw märka Gaw 1592; Pe 142; Cl 558, 637, 1487 etc., Erk 154; WA 318, 1130, 2636 etc. View
merk n. mark 'boundary, mark, appointed place, point in place, point in time, inscription' merki ‘landmark, boundary; mark, token, sign, banner; significance, importance; remains, traces’ CC2 *markja- Far merki, Icel merki, Norw merke, Dan mærke, Sw märke Gaw 1073; WA 374684, 1108 etc. View
messe n. mass

'mass'

messa 'mass'

CCC2a

Far messa, Icel messa, Norw messa, messe, Dan messe, Sw messa

Gaw 1690; Pe 497, 862

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may n. may

'woman, maiden'

mær ‘maid, girl, virgin; daughter (poetic)’

CC5b

*magw- or *mēg-

Icel mær, Norw møy, Dan , Sw

Gaw 1795; Pe 435, 780, 961

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meke adj., n. meek

‘gentle, submissive, merciful, humble’

mjúkr ‘soft, agile; meek, mild’

B1

*meuk-

Far mjúkr, Icel mjúkr, Norw mjuk, Dan myg, Sw mjuk

Pe 404, 815, 832, etc.; Cl 771, 776, 815; Erk 250; WA 1747

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mekyn v. meek 'humble' mjúkr (adj.) ‘soft, agile; meek, mild’ B1 *meuk- WA 1746, 2838 View
mekned adv. meeken

'to soften'

mjúkr ‘soft, agile; meek, mild’

B1

*meuk-

Far mjúkr, Icel mjúkr, Norw mjuk, Dan myg, Sw mjuk; cp. Norw mjukne, OSw miukna, Sw mjukna

Cl 1328

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mekely adv. meekly

‘humbly, briskly; compassionately, graciously’

mjúkr ‘soft, agile; meek, mild’, cp. mjúkliga 'softly, tenderly'

B1

*meuk-

Far mjúkr, Icel mjúkr, Norw mjuk, Dan myg, Sw mjuk

Gaw 756, Cl 783; WA 816, 1686, 1947 etc.

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mekeness n. meekness

‘meekness, humility’

mjúkr ‘soft, agile; meek, mild’

B1

*meuk-

Far mjúkr, Icel mjúkr, Norw mjuk, Dan myg, Sw mjuk

Pe 406; Pat 15, 32; WA 3286

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mele v. mele 'to speak, say' mæla 'to speak' CC2c *maþljan- Far mæla, Icel mæla, Norw mæla, Dan mæle, Sw mäla Gaw 447, 543, 974, etc., Pe 497, 589, 797, etc.; Cl 51, 736, 748, etc.; Pat 10, 329; WA 147, 729, 2078 etc. View
mensk adj. mensk

'honoured'

mennskr ‘human’

C2c

*manniska-

Far menskur, Icel mennskur, OSw mænsker

Gaw 964; WA 1746

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menske n. mensk

'courtesy, honour, fame, grace'

mennska ‘humanity, generosity’ 

C2

*manniska-

Far (ó)menska, Icel mennska, ODan men(i)ske, OSw mænksa

Gaw 834, 914, 2052, etc.; Pe 162, 783; Cl 121, 522, 646 etc.; Erk 337; WA 1237, 5226

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mensked v. mensk

'honour, reverence; adorn'

cp. mennska ‘humanity, generosity’ 

C2

*manniska-

Far (ó)menska, Icel mennska, ODan men(i)ske, OSw mænksa

Gaw 153; Cl 118, 141; Erk 258, 269; WA 4492, 4591, 5342

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menskly adv. menskly

‘courteously, worthily’

mennskr ‘human’

C2c

*manniska-

Far menskur, Icel mennskur, OSw mænsker

Gaw 1312, 1983

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muckel adj., n. mickle 'large, great; size' mikill, mykill 'great, large'; cp. miklu, mikit (etc.) (n.) 'much' CC2c *mekila Far mikil, mekil, Icel mikill, ODan megel, møgel, OSw mykil Gaw 142, Cl 52, 366, 514 etc.; Pat 268, 324; Erk 27, 286; WA 69, 130, 215 etc. View
mynne v. min

‘to declare; exhort; remember, think of; record, mention’

minna ‘to remind’ 

D1c

(1) *menþ-; (2) *mun-

Far minna, minnast, Icel minna, minnast, Norw minna, minnast, Dan minde, mides, Sw minna, minnas

Gaw 141, 982, 995, etc.; Pe 583; Cl 25, 436, 771; Erk 104; WA 245, 565, 583 etc.

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myre n. mire

'mire, swamp'

mýrr ‘moor, bog, swamp’ 

A1*b

*meuziz 

Far mýri, Icel mýri, Norw myr, Dan, myr, Sw myr, myra

Gaw 749; Cl 1114; Pat 279; WA 2986

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mys n. miss 'fault; sense of loss, sorrow' missa, missir ‘loss’; (á) miss 'so as to miss' CC1a *miss- Icel missa, Norw misse; Icel missir, Norw miss; Icel mis, Norw miss Gaw 2391; Pe 262, 364; Pat 420 View
mysse v. miss 'to lose, lack' missa 'to miss, lose' C3 *missjan- Far missa, Icel missa, Norw missa Pe 329, 382; Cl  189, 551, 994 etc.; WA 149 etc. View
mosse n. moss

'moss, lichen'

mosi 'bog, moorland; moss'

CCC3ab

*musa(n)-

Far mosi, Icel mosi, Norw mose, Dan mos, mose, OSw mos, mose, Sw mossa, mosse

Gaw 745

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mokke n. muck

'filth'

mykr, myki 'manure'

B1

*mukjo-

Norw myk, Dan. møg, Sw. dial. mök

Pe 905

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muged v. mug 'drizzled, was damp' mugga ‘mugginess, soft drizzling mist’ BB1c *mug-  Icel mugga, Norw mugg, mugge, ODan mu(g)en, Dan mug, Sw mugg  Gaw 2080 View
mon v. mun

'must'

munu ‘will, shall, may, must’

C3c

*munan-

Far munna, Icel munu, Norw mun, muna, muno, Dan monne, Sw månna, månde

Gaw 1811, 2354; WA 691, 707, 1502 etc.

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mun n. mun

'mouth'

muðr, munnr 'mouth'

A1*bc

*munþaz

Far munnur, Icel munnur, Norw munn, Dan mund, Sw mun, munn

Pat 44

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merk adj., n. murk

'dark, obscure, darkness'

myrkr 'dark, murky', cp. myrkr 'darkness'

CCC2ac

*merkwa-

Far myrkur, Icel myrkur, Norw myrk, Dan mørk, Sw mörk

Cl 894, 1617; Pat 291; WA 374, 2042, 3851 etc.

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nabb n. nab

'rock'

Nabbi (dwarf name)

C1c

*naƀ-

Icel nabbi, Norw nabb, nabbe, Dan nabbe, Sw nabbe

WA 5495

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nayte v. nait

‘use; exert; name, mention, repeat, recite’

neyta ‘to use, enjoy, consume’ 

A1ac

*nautjan- 

Icel neyta, Norw nøyta, ODan nøde, OSw nøta, Sw nöta, Gotl noyta

Gaw 65; Cl 531; Erk 119; WA 2468, 2518, 2968 etc. 

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nay adv., interj. nay

'no'

nei 'no'

A1*

*ni-aiw-

Far nei, Icel nei, Norw nei, ODan ney, Dan nej, OSw , næy

Gaw 256, 279, 706, etc.; Cl 729, 743, 758; Erk 265; WA 298, 470, 1016 etc.

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nere adv., prep. near 'near, nearer, almost' nær 'near, nearer' CC3a *nēhwaz Far nær, Icel nær, Norw nær, Dan nær, Sw när Gaw 237, 322, 556, etc.; Pe *262, 286, 404; Cl 414, 1558, 1585; Pat 85, 169 View
neked n. neked

'(a) little, a small amount'

nøkkurr (nekkvat) 'something, anything'

D1c

Far nakað, Icel nakkvat, nekkvat, nøkkvat, nøkkut, Dan noget, Sw nokot

Gaw 1062, 1805; WA 3935

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nikked v. nick

'denied, refused, said no'

neka 'to deny'

CCC2c

*ne, *ni + *eka

Norw neikka, OSw neka, Sw neka; cp. Icel neka

Gaw 706, 2471 

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neue n. nieve

'fist'

hnefi, knefi 'fist'

B2c

*xneƀ-

Far nevi, Icel hnefi, Norw neve, Dan næve, Sw näve

Cl 1537

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nente adj. ninth 'ninth' niundi 'ninth' C2c *newunðō- or *newunþō- Norw niande, Dan niende, Sw nionde Pe 1012 View
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