Showing 1 to 50 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
taysed v. teise

'harassed, driven'

D1c

(1a) *taisjan-; (2) *taisjan- 

(2) Dan dial tǣse, tēse, Sw dial tēsa

Gaw 1169

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traunt n. trant

'(cunning) practice'

DD1c

(1) *trand-; (3) *tranata-

(2) Dan dial trante, Sw dial tranta; (3) Icel tranta, Norw tranta

Gaw 1700

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trantes v. trant

'practices cunning, dodges'

DD1c

(1) *trand-; (3) *tranata-

(2) Dan dial trante, Sw dial tranta; (3) Icel tranta, Norw tranta

Gaw 1707

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grwe n. grue

(1) ‘grain, jot’ (i.e. no grwe ‘not at all’); (2) ‘horror, dread, fear’.

DD2

(1) *grūt; (2) *grūw-

Dan gru; cp. Norw gruva, ODan gruve, grye, Dan grue, OSw grūva sik, Sw gruva sig

Gaw 2251

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bredful adj.

'brimfull'

C2

*brazd-

Norw dial bradd, ODan bræ(d)d, Dan bred, Sw brädd, Sw dial bradd; cp. Sw bräddfull

Pe 126; WA 1548, 4089, *3582 etc.

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raue v.

'to go astray'

DD1c

(1) Icel ráfa, Norw rava

Pe 665

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syt n.

'grief, sorrow, evil'

A1c

*suxt-

Norw syt

Pe 663; Cl 566, 1257; Pat 5, 517; WA 182, 546

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sulp v.

'defile, pollute'

DD1c

cp. Far søpla, Norw søpla; Norw dial sulpa

Pe 726; Cl 15, 550, 1130, etc.

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trone v.

'go, march'

B1c

Norw trine, ODan trene, trine, OSw trīna, Sw dial trina, trena

Pe 1113; Cl 132, 976; Pat 101; WA 694, 4888, 5171 etc.

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trylle v. trill

'quiver' or 'turn, spin'

BB2a

*trill-

Norw trille, Norw dial trilla, ODan trijlæ, Dan trille, Sw trilla

Pe 78; Erk 322

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balteres adj., v. balter

'roll around; hobble'

B2c

*balt- ( ~ *bult-)

Norw dial bolta, baltra, Sw bulta, bultra, ODan bolte, Dan baltre, boltre

Cl 103; Pat 459

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flaunkes n.

'sparks'

BB1

?*flank-

Sw (snö)flanka

Cl 954

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holkked v. holk, hawk

'gouged (out)'

BBB2ac

*xul-k-

Sw hålka

Cl 1222

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hurrok n. hurrock, hurrack

'hurrock, rudder-band'

DD1c

cp. Norw hork

Cl 419; Pat 185

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*scrof adj.

'rough'

A1*c

*skurfa-

Icel skurfur, Norw skurv, ODan skurf, Dan skurv, Sw skorv

Cl 1546

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syled v.

'go, pass (on)'

D1c

?*sīxwan-

Norw dial sila, Sw dial sila

Cl 131, WA 111, 161, 335 etc.

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glemered v. glimmer

'gleamed'

CC1a

*glim-

Dan glimre, MSw glimra

Gaw 172

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vmbe-torne adv., v. umbe-

‘all around’

(F)CCC1c

*umƀi + 

?Dan omtrent; Norw trinn, ODan trynd, Sw trind 

Gaw 184

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flosche n. flosh

'pool'

DD1bc

(2) Icel flaski, Norw flask, Dan flaske, Sw flask

Gaw 1430

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gryed v. grye

'shuddered'

DD1c

(1) *grū-

(1) Norw gruva, OSw grūva sik (Sw gruva sig), ODan gruve, grye (Dan grue)

Gaw 2370

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dasches adj., v. dash

'rushing'

BBB2

Dan daske, Sw daska

Pat 312; WA 3882

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type v. tip

'tip'

D1c

Sw tippa

Pat 506; WA 1303, 1418

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rottok n. rottack

'decayed, musty substance'

DD1c

(1) *rut-; (2) *xrut- or *rut-

(2) Far rot, Icel rot, Norw rot, Dan råd, Sw dial råt, rått

Erk 344

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risonis n. rissom

'stalks of corn'

C1c

*xrīs-

Sw dial resma, resme; cp. Dan rusme, rosme

WA 3060

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norne v.

'to state, speak, address, announce, propose; offer, urge, press'

BB2ac

?*ner- 

Sw dial. norna, nyrna, nörna

Gaw 1661, 1669, 1771, etc.; Cl 65, 669, 803; Erk 101, 152, 195

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enker(-grene) n. enker ‘bright (green)’   einkar ‘especially/most/very, exceptionally’ D1c (1) *ain-  Far onka-, Norw einka, OSw enka, Sw enkom  Gaw 150, 2477 View
ferly adj. ferly ‘extraordinary, unusual, marvelous; exceedingly, thoroughly’  ferligr ‘monstrous’ DD1 (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 716; Pe 1084 View
ferly n. ferly 'marvel, wonder'  ferligr ‘monstrous’ DD1c (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 23, 2414; Pe 1086; Cl 1529, 1563, 1629; Erk 145 View
ferly adv. ferly ‘wondrously, exceedingly’  ferligr ‘monstrous’; cp. ferliga 'monstrously' DD1c (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 388, 741, 1694; Cl 269, 960, 975; Erk 46 View
samen adv. samen, sam 'together'  saman ‘together’ CCC1ac *saman-  Far saman, Icel saman, Norw saman, ODan samæn, Dan sammen, Sw saman, samman Gaw 50, 363, 673, etc.; Pe 518; Cl 400, 468, 645 etc.; Pat 46; WA 162, 175, 1550 etc. View
tryst v. trist 'to believe, be sure'  traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’ BBB2 *trust- or *traust- Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Gaw 380, 2325; Pat 324 View
trystyly adv. tristily 'faithfully'  traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’; cp. traustliga 'firmly, confidently' BBB2 Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Gaw 2348 View
weterly adv. 'clearly, surely; truly'  vitr (adj.) ‘wise’, cp. vitrliga (adv.) ‘wisely, with wisdom’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter Gaw 1706; Cl 171, 1567; Pat 330; Erk 183; WA 422 View
witter adj. 'knowing'  vitr ‘wise’ CC1 *wit- Far vitur, Ice vitur, ODan witær, OSw viter, Sw vitter WA 629 View
þire adj., pron. thir 'these' (1) þeir ‘they’ DD1c (1) *þai + z  Early runic þaiʀþeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de WA 95, 167, 262 etc. View
fale adj., v. (1) 'cheap', in phrase fale of 'unconcerned about'; (2) 'descend'
 
(1) falr 'venal, to be sold' D2 (1) *fala-;  (2) *fallan- Far falur, Icel falur, Norw fal, Dan fal, Sw fal Pat 92 View
farandely adv. 'comfortably' (1) fara 'to move, go etc., to suit, befit' D1c (1) *faran- Far fara, Icel fara, Norw fara, Dan fare, Sw fara Pat 435 View
allyt adv. (1) 'back, with delay'; (2) '(even) a little' (1) hlíta ‘to rely on, trust, abide by’; (2) lítt (adv.) ‘little’ D2 (1) *hlītan-; (2) lūti- or lītilaz (1) Far líta, Icel hlíta, Norw lita, Dan lide, OSw lita, Sw lita; (2) Far lítt, Icel lítt, Dan lidt Cl 599 View
runischly adv. runish ‘fiercely’ (1) hrjónn 'rough'; (3) hrynja ‘to fall to ruin, tumble down; (metaph.) to stream, float (of garments); to stream, pour down (of fluids)’ DD1c (1) ?*hrewwa-; (2) *rūnō; (3)  *xreun- (1) Icel hrjón, Norw rjone, rjøne; (3) Icel hrynja, Norw rynja, OSw rynja, Sw dial ryni Gaw 304, *432; Pat 191 View
runisch adj. runish ?‘rough, violent’ (1) hrjónn 'rough'; (3) hrynja ‘to fall to ruin, tumble down; (metaph.) to stream, float (of garments); to stream, pour down (of fluids)’ DD1c (1) ?*hrewwa-; (2) *rūnō; (3)  *xreun- (1) Icel hrjón, Norw rjone, rjøne; (3) Icel hrynja, Norw rynja, OSw rynja, Sw dial ryni Gaw 457, Cl 1545, Erk 52 View
lithis n. (1) 'people'; (2) 'limbs'  (1) lýðr 'people, population, inhabitants, subjects, congregation, etc.' D2 (1) *leuđiz; (2) *liþuz Far -lýður, Icel lýður, Norw lyd, OSw lyþir WA 3750 View
lenge adv., v. (1) lengh; (3) long; (4) leng (1) (lenge) and (3) (*longe) adv., ‘a long while, for a long time’; (2) (lenge) adv. compar. ‘longer’; (4) (lenge) v. infin. ‘to remain’ (1) lengi ‘long, for a long time’ DD2 (1) *lang-īn-; (3) *langa- ; (4) *lanʒjan- (1) Far leingi, Icel lengi, Norw lenge, Dan længe, Sw länge Gaw 88 View
*mukkyd v. (1) mucked; (2) made (1) 'shovelled'; (2) 'made' (1) moka 'to shovel' D2 (1) *mukōn-; (2) makōjan- (1) Icel moka, Norw moka, Dan muge, Sw måka, mocka, Sw dial muka Erk 43 View
ryue adj., adv. rife ‘abundantly, much’ (1) rífr ‘munificent, abundant’ D1 (1) *rīf- or *reiba-; (2) *xrīƀ- (1) Far ríviligur, Icel rífur, Norw rîv, Sw dial riv Gaw 2046; Pe 770, 844 View
roþeled (1) v. (2) rathel (1) 'heated, broiled'; (2) 'brought together' (1) rjóðr (adj.) 'ruddy, red; (2) raða ‘to set in order’ DD2 (1) *reuda- (1) Icel rjóður, Norw rjod- (2) Far raða, Icel raða, Norw rada, Sw rada Cl 59 View
sorʒe n. 'muck, filth' (1) saurgan (n.) 'pollution, defilement', cp. saurigr (adj.) 'filthy, dirty'; (2) cp. saurr (n.) 'mud, dirt' D2 (1) *saur-; (2) *surgō- (1) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör Cl 75, 846; Pat 275 View
soerly adj., adv. (1) 'filthy, base'; (2) 'severally, individually' (1) saurligr (adj.) 'unclean'; (2) sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.), adv.; serliga (adv.) 'apart, particularly' D2 (1) *saur-; (2) *sē-z (1) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör; (2) Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, i sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär (1) Cl 117; (2) Cl 117; Pat 193 View
schunt v. shunt ‘swerved; flinched’ (1) skunda ‘to speed, hasten’ DD1c (1) *skunð-; (2)?*skunōjan-  (1) Far skunda, Icel skunda, Norw skunda, Dan skynde, OSw skunda Gaw 1902, 2280; Cl 605 View
spenne (2) n. (1) spen; (2) spinney (1) ‘fence, hedge’;  (2) (a) ‘thorn-hedge’;  (b) ‘thorn bush, thorn hedge, thorn thicket’ (1) spenni 'clasp' D2 (1) *span(n)- Far spenni, Icel spenni, Norw spenne, Sw spänne Gaw 1709, 1896
 
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stemmed v. stem (1)  ‘debated (with himself/themselves)’; (2) ‘stopped, halted; stood about, hesitated’ (1) stefna, stemna ‘to stand in a certain direction, aim at; to give notice to one, summon; cite (a case); call together (of a meeting)’; (2) stemma ‘to stem, stop, dam up (esp. of a stream or fluid)’ DD2 (1) *steƀnō or *staƀnjōn; (2) *stamm- (1) Far stevna, Icel stefna, Norw stemna, Dan stævne, Sw stämma; (2) Far stemma, Icel stemma, Norw stemma, Dan stemme, Sw stämma Gaw 230, 1117; WA 2960, 5301 View
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