Showing 1 to 50 of 914 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
neked n. neked

'(a) little, a small amount'

nøkkurr (nekkvat) 'something, anything'

D1c

Far nakað, Icel nakkvat, nekkvat, nøkkvat, nøkkut, Dan noget, Sw nokot

Gaw 1062, 1805; WA 3935

View
raþeled v. rathel

?'entwined'

(2) raða ‘to set in order’

DD1c

(2) Far raða, Icel raða, Norw rada, Sw rada

Gaw 2294

View
scho pron. she

'she'

(1) sjá ‘this’ 

DD1c

Gaw 969, 1259, 1550 etc.; Pe 758; WA 241, 257, 268 etc.

View
messequyle n. (1) mass; (2) mess

(1) ‘time for mass’; (2) ‘dinner time’

(1) messa 'mass'

DD2

(1) Far messa, Icel messa, Norw messa, messe, Dan messe, Sw messa

Gaw 1097

View
freles adj.

‘flawless’

frýjulauss 'blameless'

DD1c

Pe 431

View
blunt adj. blunt

'stunned'
 

blunda (v.) 'to have one's eyes shut, doze'

DD1

Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, ODan blunde, Dan blunde, OSw blund(r)a

Pe 176

View
kyste n.

'chest'

kista 'chest'

A1*c

Far kista, Icel kista, Norw kista, kiste, Dan kiste, Sw kista

Pe 271; Cl 346, 449 464 etc.; Pat 159; WA 1043, 3148, 4357

View
raue v.

'to go astray'

DD1c

(1) Icel ráfa, Norw rava

Pe 665

View
sulp v.

'defile, pollute'

DD1c

cp. Far søpla, Norw søpla; Norw dial sulpa

Pe 726; Cl 15, 550, 1130, etc.

View
trone v.

'go, march'

B1c

Norw trine, ODan trene, trine, OSw trīna, Sw dial trina, trena

Pe 1113; Cl 132, 976; Pat 101; WA 694, 4888, 5171 etc.

View
carping n. carping

'speech, words'

karpa 'to brag, boast'

A1c

Icel karpa, Sw dial karpa

Cl 1550

View
hurrok n. hurrock, hurrack

'hurrock, rudder-band'

DD1c

cp. Norw hork

Cl 419; Pat 185

View
luged v. lug

'lurched'


 

B1

Norw dial lugga, lugge, Sw lugga

Cl 443; WA 3942

View
mourkne v.

'rot'

morkna 'to become rotten'

B2c

Far morkna, Icel morkna, Norw morkna, Sw murkna

Cl 407

View
ratted adj., v.

'ragged'

cp. hrati (n.) 'rubbish, trash'

D1

Icel hrati, Norw rate, Sw dial rata
 

Cl 144

View
ryg n. rigg

'storm'

hregg 'storm, strong wind'

B1c

Far reiggj, Icel hregg

Cl 354, 382

View
spakest adj., n. spack

 'cleverest (one)'

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'

B1

Far spakur, Icel spakur, Norw spak, ODan spak, Dan spag, OSw skaper, Sw spak

Pat 169

View
spak adv.

'smartly'

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'

B1

Far spakur, Icel spakur, Norw spak, ODan spak, Dan spag, OSw skaper, Sw spak

Pat 104

View
lygez v. lie

'lies'

liggja 'to lie'

CC2c

Far liggja, Icel liggja, Norw liggja, Dan ligge, Sw ligga

Gaw 1179

View
messe n. mass

'mass'

messa 'mass'

CCC2a

Far messa, Icel messa, Norw messa, messe, Dan messe, Sw messa

Gaw 1690; Pe 497, 862

View
sylkyn adj. silken

'silk'

cp. silki (n.) 'silk'

CC2

Far silki, Icel silki, Norw silke, Dan silke, Sw silke

Gaw 610; WA 236, 1520, 5295

View
tulk n.

'man, knight'

tulkr ‘interpreter, spokesman; broker’

FC2c

Far tolkur, tulkur, Icel túlkur, Nor tolk, Dan tolk, Sw tolk

Gaw 3, 41, 638, etc.; Cl 498, 687, 757; Erk 109; WA 752, 1212, 1304 etc.

View
angardez adj., n. angard

‘i.e. excessive, arrogant’

ágjarn ‘covetous, greedy; ambitious; pugnacious, belligerent, eager to fight’; gort ‘bragging’; gera, gør(v)a ‘to make, do’

FCCC3c

Icel gjarn, Sw dial gärnt; Far ger-, Icel ger, ODan gør, Dan gør-, OSw gor, gör

Gaw 681

View
baret n. barrat

‘strife, fighting; trouble, sorrow’

barátta ‘hitting, beating, violent attack; fight, battle’

FCCC3bc

Icel barátta

Gaw 21, 353, 752 etc.

View
breue v. breve

‘to declare, announce; write down’

bréfa ‘to set down in writing, report, make a précis; document’

FCCC3c

Icel bréfa

Gaw 465, 1393, 1436, etc.; Pe 755; Cl 197; Erk 103

View
caple n. caple, capul

'horse'

kapall ‘nag, hack’

FCC5b

Icel kapall

Gaw 2175; Cl 1254

View
cros n. cross

'cross'

kross 'cross'

FC5b

Far krossur, Icel, Norw kross, Dan kors, Sw kors

Gaw 762; Erk 2

View
flosche n. flosh

'pool'

DD1bc

(2) Icel flaski, Norw flask, Dan flaske, Sw flask

Gaw 1430

View
bagges n. bag

'bags'

baggi 'bag, bundle, pack'

BB2a

Far baggi, Icel baggi, Norw dial bagge, bagg, Sw dial bagge

Pat 158

View
dasches adj., v. dash

'rushing'

BBB2

Dan daske, Sw daska

Pat 312; WA 3882

View
typped adj., v. ?tipped

(1) ?'consummate'; (2) 'fallen'

(1) typpa 'to tip, top', cp. typptr (adj.) 'tipped, laced'

D2

(1) Icel typpa, Norw typpa; (2) Sw tippa

Pat 77

View
type v. tip

'tip'

D1c

Sw tippa

Pat 506; WA 1303, 1418

View
gnaistes v.

'gnashes'

cp. gnastan 'gnashing (of teeth)', gnísta 'gnash teeth, snarl'

B1

WA 5321

View
spakid v.

'became calm' (reflexive)

spakr (adj.) 'gentle, wise'; cp. spekja 'calm, soothe, keep quiet'

B1

cp. Far spekja, Icel spekja, Norw spekkja, Dan spæge, Sw späka

WA 237

View
carp v. carp

'to speak, say, converse'

karpa 'to brag, boast'

A1c

Icel karpa, Sw dial karpa

Gaw 263, 360, 377 etc.; Pe 381, 752, 949; Cl 74, 1591; Erk 317; WA 8, 100, 108 etc.

View
vgly adj. ugly

‘gruesome, threatening, evil-looking’

uggligr ‘to be feared’

B1c

Icel uggð, Norw ugg, Sw dial ugg, ygg

Gaw 441, 2079, 2190; Cl 892

View
*brayþed v. (1) 'started, moved with a quick, jerky motion'; (2) 'moved' (2) bragða 'flare, sparkle, flicker; (impersonal) is seen to be in trembling motion, moves' DD2 (1) *bregðan-; (2) *bregðan- or *bragðan- Icel bragða Erk 190 View
glaum n. (1a) (reading glaum (ande …)) ‘noise of merrymaking’;  (1b) (reading glaumande) ‘noisy’;  (2) (reading *glamm (ande …)) ‘din, noise of merrymaking’. (1) glaumr ‘merry noise’; (2) glamm, glamr ‘noise, tinkling sound’ D2 (1) *glaumaz; (2) ?*ga-xlam-, ?*glam (1) Far gleimur, Icel glaumur, Norw gløym, OSw glømber; (2) Icel glamm, Norw glam, Dan glam, OSw glam, Sw glam Gaw 46 View
kylled v. kill; strike 'killed' kolla ‘to hit in the head; (metaph.) to harm’ DD1 (1) *kull-; (2) *kwuljan- (1) Far kolla, kylla, Icel kolla, kylla, Norw kolla, kylla, Sw dial kolla, kulla Gaw 2111; Cl 876, 1252, 1267 View
stemmed v. stem (1)  ‘debated (with himself/themselves)’; (2) ‘stopped, halted; stood about, hesitated’ (1) stefna, stemna ‘to stand in a certain direction, aim at; to give notice to one, summon; cite (a case); call together (of a meeting)’; (2) stemma ‘to stem, stop, dam up (esp. of a stream or fluid)’ DD2 (1) *steƀnō or *staƀnjōn; (2) *stamm- (1) Far stevna, Icel stefna, Norw stemna, Dan stævne, Sw stämma; (2) Far stemma, Icel stemma, Norw stemma, Dan stemme, Sw stämma Gaw 230, 1117; WA 2960, 5301 View
enker(-grene) n. enker ‘bright (green)’   einkar ‘especially/most/very, exceptionally’ D1c (1) *ain-  Far onka-, Norw einka, OSw enka, Sw enkom  Gaw 150, 2477 View
bost n. boast 'outcry, clamour' (1) cp. busilkinna ?’woman with round cheeks’ DD1 (1) *bus- (1) Norw bos(s), OSw bos Gaw 1448, Cl 179, 1450, 1712 View
boster n. boaster 'boaster' (1) cp. busilkinna ?’woman with round cheeks’ DD1 (1) *bus- (1) Norw bos(s), OSw bos Cl 1499 View
beryd v. (1) 'beat, rang'; (2) 'rang out' (2) berja 'hammer, knock, strike etc.' DD2 (1) *bēr-; (2) *barjan- Far berja, Icel berja, Norw berja, ODan bæriæ, Sw dial bärga Erk 352 View
fale adj., v. (1) 'cheap', in phrase fale of 'unconcerned about'; (2) 'descend'
 
(1) falr 'venal, to be sold' D2 (1) *fala-;  (2) *fallan- Far falur, Icel falur, Norw fal, Dan fal, Sw fal Pat 92 View
farandely adv. 'comfortably' (1) fara 'to move, go etc., to suit, befit' D1c (1) *faran- Far fara, Icel fara, Norw fara, Dan fare, Sw fara Pat 435 View
ferly adj. ferly ‘extraordinary, unusual, marvelous; exceedingly, thoroughly’  ferligr ‘monstrous’ DD1 (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 716; Pe 1084 View
ferly n. ferly 'marvel, wonder'  ferligr ‘monstrous’ DD1c (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 23, 2414; Pe 1086; Cl 1529, 1563, 1629; Erk 145 View
ferly adv. ferly ‘wondrously, exceedingly’  ferligr ‘monstrous’; cp. ferliga 'monstrously' DD1c (1) *fēr-; (2) *fera; (3) *fer(e)r- Gaw 388, 741, 1694; Cl 269, 960, 975; Erk 46 View
glode n. glode 'open space, patch (of sky)' sólar-glaðan ‘sunset’ DD1bc (1) *glaið- (2) Norw glott, Shetl gloderek, gloderet, glodere, glod(er); (3) Norw dial glada, Sw dial gladas, gla(d)na  Gaw 2181, 2266; Pe 79; Erk 75 View
Word
Etymology