Showing 201 to 250 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
borne n. burn 'stream' cp. brunnr, bruðr ‘well-spring, spring, stream; source, origin; well, reservoir, watering place’ CCC5 *ƀrunn- Far brunnur, Icel brunnur, Norw brunn, brynn, Dan brønd, Sw brunn Gaw 731, 1570, 2174; Pe 974; Cl 482 View
gill-stremes n. gill 'streams from a gorge' gil 'deep, narrow glen with a stream at the bottom' A1bc *gil- Far gil, Icel gil, Norw gil WA 3231 View
big adj. big 'strong; sharp; big, great, mighty' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1c (1)*big-; (2) *bug- or *bugg- (1) Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga; (2) Norw dial bugge, bugga Gaw 554, 2101; Pe 102, 374; Cl 43, 229, 1183 etc.; Pat 302; WA 915, 1808, 1295 etc. View
slik adj., pron. 'such' slíkr (adj.) 'such' A1*c *swa-līkaz Far slíkur, Icel slíkur, Norw slik, Dan slig, Sw slik WA 11, 38, 62 etc. View
ouirlaike n. 'superiority, conquest' leikr ‘game, play, sport’  A1*bc *laikaz WA 1861, 3101 View
trayst adj. traist 'sure' treysta ‘to make trusty, try the strength of a thing’ A1c *traustjan- Far troysta, Icel treysta, Norw trøysta, Dan trøyste, OSw trösta, Sw trösta Gaw 1211 View
scarreʒ v. scares 'take alarm, startle, fly' skirra 'bar, prevent', cp. skirrask 'shun, skrink from' A1c *skerr(j)an- Icel skirra, Norw skjerra, skirra, Sw skärra, Sw dial skjärra Cl 598, 838, 1784; WA 3865, 4802 View
carp n. 'talk, conversation, discourse, speech, words; message; mention' karp 'bragging', karpa 'to brag, boast' A1c Icel karp Gaw 307, 704, 1013; Pe 883; Cl 23, 1327; Pat 118, 415, 519; WA 748, 1023, 1455, etc. View
aghlich adj., adv. awly 'terrible' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 136; Cl 874, 937 View
gremly adj. 'terrible' cp. gremi (n.) ‘wrath, anger’, gremja (v.) 'to anger, provoke' CC1ac *grama- or *gramjan- WA 726* View
þayr pron. their 'their' þeira 'their' A1* *þaizō- early runic þaiʀa, þeʀa, Far teirra, Norw deira, OSw þer(r)a, þaira Gaw 1359, 1362; WA 2, 3, 5 etc. View
þethen adv. 'thence, from there' þaðan, þeðan 'thence, from there, thenceforth, since' B1c *þan- or *það-  Icel þaðan, Norw deden, ODan thæthan, Dan deden, OSw þaþan, þæþan, Sw dädandän WA 1068, 1076, 5131 etc. View
þire adj., pron. thir 'these' (1) þeir ‘they’ DD1c (1) *þai + z  Early runic þaiʀþeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de WA 95, 167, 262 etc. View
þay pron. they 'they' þeir ‘they’ A1*c *þai + z  early runic þaiʀ, þeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de Gaw 50, 69, 71, etc.; Pe 80, 94, 509, etc.; Cl 9, 10, 11 etc.; Pat 13, 15, 16 etc.; Erk 9, 43, 45 etc.; WA 1, 3, 13 etc. View
þrast n. threst, thrast 'thrust' cp. þrýsta (v.) ‘to thrust, press; compress, strain heavily; force, compel’ CC3 *þraistjan-  Far trýsta, Icel þrýsta, Norw trysta, ODan tryste, Dan tryste, OSw trysta, MSw thrysta, Sw tryste Gaw 1443; Cl 952; WA 554 View
thristis v. thrust 'thrust, pierce' þrýsta 'thrust, press, force, compel' B2 *þrūstjan- Far trýsta, Icel þrýsta, Norw trysta, ODan tryste, OSw trysta, Sw dial trysta WA 554, 773*, 1326, etc. View
twynne v. twin 'to be separated, part, depart' cp. tvennr, tvinnr ‘twofold, double’ CC1 *twizn- or *twi-n- Far tvinnur, Icel tvennur, Norw tvinn, tvenne, ODan tvinnæ, tvænnæ, Dan tvende, OSw tvænne, tvinn-, Sw tvenne, tvänne Gaw 2512; Cl 402 View
tryst v. trist 'to believe, be sure'  traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’ BBB2 *trust- or *traust- Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Gaw 380, 2325; Pat 324 View
lycken v. liken 'to compare, resemble, make like' líkr ‘like, alike’ CCC2 *(ga)līka- Far líkur, Icel líkur, Norw lik, Dan lig, Sw lik WA 438, 666, 2706 etc. View
dare v. dare 'to cower, shrink' DD1 Far darra, Norw darra, Sw darra Gaw 315, 2258; Pe 609, 839 View
deʒe v. die 'to die' deyja ‘to die’ C1a *daw-jan-  Far doggja, Icel deyja, Norw døya, Dan , Sw Gaw 996, 1163, 2460; Pe 306, 642, 705, etc.; Cl 400, 1329; Pat 488; Erk 246; WA 692, 990, 1033 etc. View
glyter v. glitter 'to glitter' glitra ‘to glitter’ CC1a *glit-  Far glitra, Icel glitra, Norw glitra, ODan glidre, Sw glittra Gaw 604, 2039 View
kayre (1) v. 'to go, ride, bring, drive, ?dither, hesitate' keyra ‘to drive, ride, whip’ A1c *kaurjan- or *kauzjan- Far koyra, Icel kayra, Norw køyra, Dan køre, Sw köra Gaw 734, 1048, 1670 etc.; Pe 1031; Cl 85, 901, 945, etc.; WA 859, 887, 889 etc. View
ʒette v. yate 'to grant' játa or játta ‘to say yes, assent, acknowledge, grant, yield’ B2ac ?*jē + -at(j)an or *jextō(j)anan  Icel játa, Norw jata, ODan jate, OSw jata, jæta; Far játta, Icel játta, Norw jatta, ODan jætte, jatte, OSw jatta Gaw 776; Pe 558 View
lyþen v. lithe 'to hear' hlýða ‘to listen, be proper (to)’ A1c *xleuþjan- or *xleuðjan-; or less likely *xlūðjan- Far lýða, Icel hlýða, Norw lyda, Dan lyde, Sw lyda Gaw 1719; WA 4, 3468, 4384 etc. View
kenne v. ken 'to know' kenna 'to know, recognize' CC3ac *kannjan- Far kenna, Icel kenna, Norw kjenna, Dan kjende, Sw känna Cl 1702; Pat 357; Erk 124; WA 278, 577, 690 etc. View
mysse v. miss 'to lose, lack' missa 'to miss, lose' C3 *missjan- Far missa, Icel missa, Norw missa Pe 329, 382; Cl  189, 551, 994 etc. View
hete v. 'to promise, assure' heita ‘to call, name, promise’ CCC2 *haitan- Far heita, Icel heita, Norw heita, runic Dan haite, haitika, Dan hede, hedde, runic Sw ha[i]teka, Sw heta, hetta
 
Gaw 2121; Pe 402; Cl 1346 View
dowelle v. dwell 'to remain; dwell; exist' dvelja ‘to keep/hold back, detain, stall, impede; delay, defer; tarry, hesitate; stay, reside, dwell (etc.)' CC3 *ðwaljan- Far dvølja, Icel dvelja, Norw dvelja, Dan dvæle, OSw dvälia Gaw 566, 1075, 1082; Cl 158, 376, 1196, etc.; Pa 69, 422; Erk 10 View
swepen v. sweep 'to rush; swoop; sweep (in)' svipa 'to swoop, flash, move swiftly' CC2c ?*swaipan-, *swipjan- or *swaipjan- Icel svipa, Norw svipa, Dan dial svippe, Sw dial svepa, svipa Pe 111; Cl 1509; Pat 260, 341 View
þynke v. think 'to seem' þykkja 'to seem' CCC2 *þunkjan- Far tykja, Icel þykja, Norw tykkja, ODan thykk(i)æ, Dan tykkes, OSw þykkia, Sw tycka(s) Gaw 348, 1111, 1241, etc.; Pe 267, 316, 552, etc.; Cl 744; Pat 8, 43, 427 etc. View
blykke v. blik, blike 'to shine' blika ‘to glisten, glint, shine’ CCC1a *blikōjan- Far blika, Icel blika, Norw blika, OSw blika, Sw bläcka Gaw 305, 429, 2485; Cl 603 View
mele v. mele 'to speak, say' mæla 'to speak' CC2c *maþljan- Far mæla, Icel mæla, Norw mæla, Dan mæle, Sw mäla Gaw 447, 543, 974, etc., Pe 497, 589, 797, etc.; Cl 51, 736, 748, etc.; Pat 10, 329; WA 147, 729, 2078 etc. View
sweʒe adj., v. sway 'to speed, sink, stoop, collapse; fall, rush, swing' (2) sveigja ‘to bow, bend’ (trans. and intrans.), sveigja-sk ‘to be swayed, sway, swerve’ DD1c (1) *swōgjan-; (2) *swaigjan-; (3) *swegan- (2) Far sveiggja, Icel sveigja, Norw sveigja, Dan sveje, Sw dial sväig', sveia  Gaw 1429, 1796; Cl 87, 420, 788, etc.; Pat 72, 151, 236; WA 2057, 3970 View
bolne v. bolne 'to swell' bolgna ‘to swell, bulge’ CC1c *belgan- Icel bólginn, Norw bolgen, Dan bullen, OSw bulghin, bulin Gaw 512; Pe 18; Cl 179, 363; WA 396, 4435 View
þryue v. thrive 'to thrive; mighty, large' þrífa-sk ‘to thrive’; cp. þrifinn (adj.) 'active, well favoured' B1 *þrīfan- Far tríva, trívast, Icel þrífa, þrívast, Norw triva, Dan trives, MSw thriva Gaw 387; Pe 851; Cl 249; Pat 521; WA 1326, 1407, 2259 etc. View
ʒaule v. yawl 'to yowl, howl' gaula ‘to low, bellow, howl’ BB2ac ?*gaul- Far geyla, Icel gaula, Norw gaula, Sw gjöla Gaw 1453 View
til conj., prep. till 'to; until' til ‘to, until etc.' C5ac *til-  Far til, Icel til, Norw til, Dan til, Sw till, til Gaw 85, 449, 532, etc.; Pe 548, 676, 976; Cl 484, 498, 548 etc.; Pat 236, 272, 377; Erk 12, 136, 313; WA 340, 463, 564 etc. View
samen adv. samen, sam 'together'  saman ‘together’ CCC1ac *saman-  Far saman, Icel saman, Norw saman, ODan samæn, Dan sammen, Sw saman, samman Gaw 50, 363, 673, etc.; Pe 518; Cl 400, 468, 645 etc.; Pat 46; WA 162, 175, 1550 etc. View
bole n. bole 'tree trunk' bolr, bulr ‘tree trunk; torso’ BB2ac ?*ƀol- Far bulur, Icel bolur, Norw bul, Dan bul, Sw bål Gaw 766; Pe 76; Cl 622; WA 2851, 4851, *4994, etc. View
trysty adj. 'true, faithful; true men' traustr ‘trusty, sure, firm, strong, safe’; traust ‘trust, protection, shelter’ BBB2 *trust- or *traust- Far treystur, Icel traustur, Norw traust, ODan trøst, MSw tröster; Far treyst, Icel traust, Norw traust, Dan trøst, Sw tröst Pe *460; Cl 763 View
connyng n. 'understanding, arts' kunnandi 'knowledge' CCC3 *kunnan- Cl 1611, 1625 View
vnsemely adj. unseemly 'unfitting, improper' sœmr ‘becoming, fit’; cp. sœmiligr ‘becoming’  C1a *sōmi- WA 99 View
vnsaʒt adj. 'unreconciled, unappeased' sáttr 'agreeing, at peace, reconciled'; cp. úsáttr 'disagreeing', sátt (n.) 'settlement, agreement, concord, peace' and sætt (n.) 'reconciliation, agreement' B1 *saxt- or *sanxt- Far sáttur, Icel sáttur, ODan sattær, OSw satter Erk 8 View
serelepy adj. 'various, separate, different' sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.) A2c *sē-z WA 605, 4305, 4440 etc. View
gunnes n. guns 'war engines' Gunnhildr (gunnr 'war' (poetic) + hildr 'battle') A1* *gunþz WA 2227 View
gate n. gate 'way, road, path; way, manner' gata ‘way, path, road’ B2abc *gatwōn  Far gata, gøta, Icel gata, Norw gate, gote, Dan gade, Sw gata Gaw 696, 709, 778, etc.; Pe 395, 526, 619, etc.; Cl 676, 767, 931; Erk 241; WA 143, 812*, 1310 etc. View
wayke adj. weak 'weak' veikr (veykr) ‘weak’  A1* *weik(w)a- Far veikur, Icel veikur, Norw veik, Dan veg, Sw vek Gaw 282; WA 1271, 2077, 3587 etc. View
wapen n. 'weapon' vápn 'weapon' A1*c *wēpnan Far vápn, Icel vopn, Norw våpen, Dan våben, Sw vapen WA 65, 958, 1400 etc. View
welcum adj. welcome 'welcome' velkominn ‘welcome (esp. in greeting)’ CCC4a *welō(n), *walō(n) + *kweman-  Icel velkominn, Norw velkomen, velkommen, Dan velkommen, OSw vælkomin, Sw välkommen Gaw 252, 814, 835, etc.; Pe 399; Cl 813 View
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Etymology