roþeled (1)

v. (pp.)

(1) 'heated, broiled'; (2) 'brought together' (Modern English (2) rathel)


The identification of the obscure v. at Cl 59 ('al [the meat] is roþeled and rosted ryʒt to þe sete') is contested, and the varying interpretations depend on how its relationship with two other potentially identical verbs in Gaw and Cl is interpreted: (1) If Cl 59 is taken as a hapax legomenon, the most straightforward explanation in context is a v. related to cooking. GollCl (59n, followed by AW) interprets it as a dial variant of the N/EM dial word rozzle 'heat, warm, scorch' (see EDD; cp. similarly MED), and Anderson (59n) suggests a parallel formation based on the ON adj. represented by OIcel rjóðr 'ruddy, red' < PGmc *reuda-, only otherwise attested by OE rēod (adj.) 'red, ruddy' and Go ga-riuþs 'honourable'. The related verbs OIcel rjóða and OE rēodan both mean 'redden, smear with blood', with a possibly extended sense 'kill' (cp. OHG riuten 'exterminate, destroy')(unless this is a separate v., see Kroonen s.vv. *reudan- (1) and (2)). A verbal formation with suffix -le is then plausible (OED3 compares ME rostle 'burn slightly, scorch, singe' < roast (v.)), but entirely speculative. (2) Olsen (following Vant; similarly Morris, Moorman, Menner) identifies this v. with raþeled in Gaw and roþeled (2)(v.) at Cl 890, suggesting a common sense of 'bringing together'. This requires quite forced readings in disparate contexts, however, and it is probably better to treat each instance separately (as e.g. Anderson, OED3, GollCl etc.). See further raþeled (v.) and roþeled (2)(v.)

PGmc Ancestor

(1) *reuda-

Proposed ON Etymon (OIcel representative)

(1) rjóðr (adj.) 'ruddy, red; (2) raða ‘to set in order’
(ONP )

Other Scandinavian Reflexes

(1) Icel rjóður, Norw rjod- (2) Far raða, Icel raða, Norw rada, Sw rada

OE Cognate

(1) rēod (adj.) 'red, ruddy'

Phonological and morphological markers

[ON fricative /ð/ < PGmc */ð/] (may not be applicable)

Summary category



(1) hapax legomenon; (2) Only otherwise from Gaw poet (see etymological discussion).

Occurrences in the Gersum Corpus

Cl 59

On the varying interpretations of the sense of this v. in the context of Cl 59, see etymological discussion.


(1) MED rothelen (v.1) , OED3 rothel (v.1) , de Vries rjóðr (3), Mag. rjóður (3), Orel *reuđaz, Kroonen *reuda-; (2) See raþeled (v.).