Showing 51 to 100 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
at pron. at

‘which’

(1) at ‘who, that’

CC2

*þat

(1) Far at, Icel , Norw at, Dan at, OSw at, Sw att

Pe 536

View
at prep. at 'at (etc.)' at 'against, towards, at, to' CCC3 *at Far at, Icel að, Norw ad, åt, Dan ad, Sw åt Gaw 464, 1006, 1474 etc.; WA 636, 872, 1103 View
atwappe v. atwape, atwappe

'escaped'

vappa ‘to waddle’ 

DD1c

(1) *wap-

(1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp

Gaw 1167; Cl 1205

View
aghe n. awe 'awe, reverence, terror; danger' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Erk 234, WA 169, 1459, 2987 etc. View
aʒed adj., v. awed 'frightened' agi ‘(n.) dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag- WA 3763 View
aʒlez adj. aweless, awless 'without fear' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’; cp. agalauss ‘peaceful’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 2335 View
aʒefullest adj. awful 'most formidable' agi ‘(n.) dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag-
 
WA 16 View
aghlich adj., adv. awly 'terrible' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 136; Cl 874, 937 View
ay adv. ay, aye

'always, ever, in each case'

ey, ei 'always, eternally, forever'

A1*c

the acc. sg. of *aiwaz

Icel ei, e

Gaw 26, 73, 128 etc.; Pe 44, 56, 101 etc.; Cl 114, 117, 132 etc.; Pat 8, 90, 130 etc., Erk 278; WA 239, 242, 265

View
ayquere adv. aywhere 'everywhere' ey, ei 'always, eternally, forever' CC5c the acc. sg. of *aiwaz Icel ei, e Gaw 599, 629, 745, etc.; Cl 228, 965, 1403 View
bagges n. bag

'bags'

baggi 'bag, bundle, pack'

BB2a

Far baggi, Icel baggi, Norw dial bagge, bagg, Sw dial bagge

Pat 158

View
bayn adj., adv. bain 'obedient, willing; eagerly' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' A1bc *baina- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 1092, 2158; Pe 807; Cl 1511; Pat 136; Erk 181; WA 323 View
barne n. bairn 'child' barn 'child' CCC5ac *ƀarnan Far barn, Icel barn, Norw barn, Dan barn, Sw barn Gaw 2320; Pe 426, 712, 1040; Cl 329, 378, 502, etc.; Pat 510 View
bayted v. bait

'baited (by dogs), fed'

beita 'to graze, feed; cause to bite; set on; chase, etc.'

A1*

*baitjan-

Far beita, Icel beita, Norw beita, Dan bede, Sw beta

Cl 55

View
bale (1) n. bale ‘destruction, death; misery; torment; sorrow' bǫl ‘misfortune, woe, malice’ CCC5a *balwan  Far bøl, Icel böl Gaw 2041, 2419; Pe 18, 123, 373 etc.; Cl 276, 980, 1256; Pat 276, 426, 510; WA 396, 1146, 1974, etc. View
balʒ adj. balgh

‘swelling with round, smooth surface’ 

bali 'a soft grassy bank, especially sloping down to the shore’

DD1c

(1) *balg-; (2) *bal-

Icel bali, Norw bal

Gaw 967, 2032, 2172

View
balteres adj., v. balter

'roll around; hobble'

B2c

*balt- ( ~ *bult-)

Norw dial bolta, baltra, Sw bulta, bultra, ODan bolte, Dan baltre, boltre

Cl 103; Pat 459

View
banned adj., v. ban 'curse, (pp.) accursed' banna 'forbid, prevent, curse' CC3c *ƀannan- Far banna, Icel banna, Norw banna, Dan bande, Sw banna Cl 468, 885 View
bonk n. bank ‘hillside, slope; shore, bank, coast’ bakki ‘bank (of river, lake), shore; slope, escarpment; edge (etc.)’ C1abc *bank-ōn Far bakki, Icel bakki, Norw bakke, banke, ODan bakkæ, bakke, banke, Dan bakke, Sw backe, Sw dial bank Gaw 14, 511, 700, etc.; Pe 102, 106, 196 etc.; Cl 86, 363, 379 etc.; Erk 32 View
baret n. barrat

‘strife, fighting; trouble, sorrow’

barátta ‘hitting, beating, violent attack; fight, battle’

FCCC3bc

Icel barátta

Gaw 21, 353, 752 etc.

View
berʒ n. barrow

'mound'

berg, bjarg (neut.) ‘hill, cliff, prominence in the landscape, crag, cliff-face; boulder, rock; (as material) rock, stone, rocky ground, foundation of rock’

CCC5a

*ƀerʒa-

Far berg, bjarg, bjørg, Icel berg, bjarg, Norw berg, björg, ODan bjærg, Dan bjerg, OSw biärgh, Sw berg

Gaw 2172, 2178 

View
bate n. bate

(1) ‘strife, fighting’; (2) ‘baiting’

(2)  beita ‘bait’; cp. beita (v.) ‘to cause to bite’; ‘to chase (with animals), hunt (with animals), set (animals) on’ (etc.), beit, beiti 'grazing, pasture'

DD2

(2) *bait-

(2) Far beita, Icel beita, Norw beite, beita, ODan bēd, Sw bete

Gaw 1461

View
bekyr n. beaker

'beaker, (large) cup'

bikarr 'beaker'

B2c


 

Far bikar, Icel bikar, Norw bikar, OSw bikar(e)

Cl 1474

View
bycalle v. becall

'call upon, summon'

kalla ‘to call, cry, shout; send for; say; claim; name’

C1a

*kall- or *kalz-

Far kalla, Icel kalla, Norw kalla, Dan kalde, Sw kalla

Pe 913, 1163
 

View
bene adv. bein

'pleasantly, beautifully'

cp. beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating'

DD1c

(1)*baina-; (3) *bōni-

cp. Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein

Gaw 2402; Pe 198

View
bene adj. bein 'pleasing, fair' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' DD1c (1)*baina-; (3) *bōni- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 2475; Pe 110; Pat 418 View
bilooghe adv. below

'below'

lágr (adj.) ‘low’

A1*

*lēga-

Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg

Cl 116

View
biseme v. beseem ‘to befit, become, suit’ sóma ‘to beseem, become, befit’; sœma ‘to honour’ C3 *sōmi- Icel sóma; Far, søma, Icel sæma, Norw søma, ODan søme, Dan sømme, OSw söma, syma Gaw 622, 1612, 2035, etc.; Pe 310 View
bigge v. big

'to settle, found, build, make'

byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit'

A1*bc

*ƀewwjan- or *ƀuwwjan- 

Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga

Gaw 9, 20; Cl 1666; Pat 124, Erk 37, 207; WA 1366, 2215, 2256 etc.

View
big adj. big 'strong; sharp; big, great, mighty' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1c (1)*big-; (2) *bug- or *bugg- (1) Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga; (2) Norw dial bugge, bugga Gaw 554, 2101; Pe 102, 374; Cl 43, 229, 1183 etc.; Pat 302; WA 915, 1808, 1295 etc. View
bygyng n. bigging

‘dwelling, home’

bygging 'leasing, habitation, tenancy'

A1*bc

*ƀewwjan- or *ƀuwwjan-

Icel bygging

Pe 932, *935; Cl 378, 811; WA 2697, 4431

View
bygly adj. bigly

 ‘inhabitable, pleasant’

byggiligr 'habitable'

A1*bc

*ƀewwjan- or *ƀuwwjan-

Pe 963

View
bigly adv. bigly

‘mightily, strongly, firmly’

byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit'

D1c

(1)*big-; (2) *bug- or *bugg-

(1) Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga; (2) Norw dial bugge, bugga

Gaw 1141, 1162, 1584; Pat 321; WA 423, 1138, 1371

View
bignes n. bigness 'greatness, arrogance' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1 (1)*big-; (2)*bug- or *bugg- WA 105, 1018 View
benke n. bink 'bench' bekkr 'bench' CC2ac *ƀanki- Far bekkur, bonkur, Icel bekkur, Norw bekk, Dan bænk, Sw bänk  WA 2927 View
burde v. bir ‘(it) behoved (impers.)’ byrja ‘to belong to, be (someone’s) due; (impers.) be (someone’s) due, be fitting for (someone), be appropriate for (someone)’ CCC5ac *burjan- or *buriz  Far byrja, Icel byrja, Norw byrja, OSw byria, böria, Sw börja Gaw 2278, 2428; Pe 316; Pat 117, 507; Erk 260 View
bur n. birr ‘gale; onslaught, blow, shock; strength; violence’ byrr ‘wind strong enough to fill the sails, good breeze, favourable wind, wind (at sea)’ CC3c *ƀuriz Far byrur, Icel byr, Norw byr, Dan bør, Sw dial byr Gaw 290, 374, 548, etc.; Pe 176, 1158; Cl 32; Pat 7, 148; WA 711 View
burþe n. birth

'birth'

burðr  ‘burden (on account of pregnancy), foetus, offspring, being; delivery, birth’, byrð ‘birth, ancestry’

CC2a

*burþ-

Far burður, Icel burður, Norw bur(d), Dan byrd, Sw börd

Gaw 922; Pe 1041

View
bit n. bit

‘blade, cutting edge’

bit ‘biting, bit, wound after a bite, (insect) bite; grazing, pasture; (of a weapon) ability to bite/cut, sharpness’

CC3

 *ƀīt-

Far bit, Icel bit, Norw bit, ODan bid, Dan bid, Sw bett

Gaw 212, 426, 2224 etc.

View
blo adj. blae

‘dark, dusky, livid, grey’

blár ‘blue, blue-black, black’

A1*

*ƀlēwa-

Far bláur, Icel blár, Norw blå, Dan blå, Sw blå

Pe 83, 875; Cl 1017; Pat 134, 138, 221; Erk 290; WA 559

View
blande (1) v. bland 'adorned' blanda ‘to mix (together)’ CCC1c *blandan- Far blanda, Icel blanda, Norw, blanda, Dan blande, Sw blanda Gaw 1931 View
blande (2) n. bland ‘mingling’ (in the phrase 'in blande' ‘(mingled) together’) bland ‘mixture’ (literal or figurative) CC4c *bland- Icel bland Gaw 1205; Cl 885; WA 160, 2786, 3723 etc. View
blende v. blend

‘mingled; streamed together; set amidst, steep’

blanda ‘to ‘mix (together)

CCC1c

*blandan-

Far blanda, Icel blanda, Norw, blanda, Dan blande, Sw blanda

Gaw 1361, 1610, 2371; Pe 385, 1016; Cl 967, 1788; Pat 227

View
blenk v. blenk

'to look; gleam'

blekkja ‘to deceive, betray, seduce’; cp. blakkr (adj.) ‘pale, dark’ 

CC2c

*ƀlankjan-

Icel blekkja, Norw blekkja

Gaw 799, 2315; WA 5607

View
blykke v. blik, blike 'to shine' blika ‘to glisten, glint, shine’ CCC1a *blikōjan- Far blika, Icel blika, Norw blika, OSw blika, Sw bläcka Gaw 305, 429, 2485; Cl 603 View
blom n. bloom

'flower, bloom; perfection'

blómi (m.), blóm (neut.) ‘flower, flowing plant’

C3ac

*ƀlom-

Far blómi, Icel blómi, Norw blome, Dan blomme, Sw blomma; Far blóma (f.), Icel blóm, Norw blom

Pe 27, 578; Cl 1042, 1467

View
blunder n. blunder

'turmoil, trouble'

(1) blunda ‘to have/keep one’s eyes shut’; (2) blanda ‘to mix (together)’

D1c

(1) *blund- (2) *bland-

Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, Dan blunde, Sw blund(r)a; Far blanda, Icel blanda, Norw blanda, Dan blande, Sw blanda

Gaw 18

View
blunt adj. blunt

'stunned'
 

blunda (v.) 'to have one's eyes shut, doze'

DD1

Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, ODan blunde, Dan blunde, OSw blund(r)a

Pe 176

View
borde n. board

'table'

borð 'board, plank, beam'

CCC3

*bord-

Far borð, Icel borð, Norw bord, Dan bord, Sw bord

Gaw 481; Cl 1433, 1717

View
bost n. boast 'outcry, clamour' (1) cp. busilkinna ?’woman with round cheeks’ DD1 (1) *bus- (1) Norw bos(s), OSw bos Gaw 1448, Cl 179, 1450, 1712 View
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Etymology