Showing 101 to 150 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
brathþe n.

‘violence, impetuosity; agony, violent grief’

bráðr ‘immediate, quick; sudden, violent, harsh, fierce; rash, impetuous, impatient’

A1c

*ƀrēþa-

cp. Far bráður, Icel bráður, Norw bråd, Dan brad, Sw dial brå(d)

Pe 346, *1170; Cl 916; WA 1220, 1744, 1956 etc. 

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brayd n. braid

'sudden movement; (in/at a b.) forthwith'

bragð 'sudden motion, etc.'; cp. auga-bragð 'twinkling of an eye, instant, moment'

CC3

*ƀragða-

Far bragdbragð, Icel bragð, Norw bragd, Sw bragd, Sw dial bragd

Cl 537, 1507

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*brayþed v. (1) 'started, moved with a quick, jerky motion'; (2) 'moved' (2) bragða 'flare, sparkle, flicker; (impersonal) is seen to be in trembling motion, moves' DD2 (1) *bregðan-; (2) *bregðan- or *bragðan- Icel bragða Erk 190 View
bred n. bread 'bread'
 
brauð 'bread' CCC3a *brauðan Far breyð, Icel brauð, Norw braud, brød, Dan brød, Sw bröd Gaw 891, 1361, 1610; Cl 620, 636, 1105 View
bredful adj.

'brimfull'

C2

*brazd-

Norw dial bradd, ODan bræ(d)d, Dan bred, Sw brädd, Sw dial bradd; cp. Sw bräddfull

Pe 126; WA 1548, 4089, *3582 etc.

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brenke n. brink

'bank, edge'

brekka 'hillside, slope'

BB2c

*ƀrenk-

Far brekka, Icel brekka, Norw brekka, brekke, Dan brink, Sw dial bräkka, brikka

Cl 384; WA 669, 4377, 4741

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brenne v. burn

‘to burn; broil; (pp.) refined, bright’

brenna 'to burn (intrans. and trans.)'

C2c

*ƀrennan- or *ƀrannjan-

Far brenna, Icel brenna, Norw brenna, Dan brænde, Sw brinna; Far brenna, Icel brenna, Norw brenna, ODan brænnæ, Dan brænde, OSw bränna, Sw bränna

Gaw 2, 195, 832, etc.; Pe 989; Cl 509, 916, 1012; Pat 472, 477

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brent adj. brent 'steep' bretta ‘to turn upwards’; cp. brattr ‘steep, precipitous; arduous, hard’ CC1c *brant-  Far bretta, Icel bretta, Norw bretta, ODan brente, Dan dial brette, OSw bränta, Sw dial brätta; Far, Icel brattur, Norw bratt, Dan brat, OSw branter, Sw brant, Sw dial bratt Gaw 2165; Pe 106; Cl 379; WA 3648, 4812 View
brest n. 'calamity' brestr 'crash, crack, defect, loss' C2c *ƀrestuz Far brestur, Icel brestur, Norw brest, Dan brist, OSw bräster, braster Cl 229 View
brestes v. burst

'break; burst'

bresta ‘to crack, crash; snap, break, be split open; give way, break loose (etc.)’

C2

*brestan-

Far bresta, Icel bresta, Norw bresta, Dan briste, Sw brista

Gaw 1166; Cl 1263, 1783; Pat 148; WA 510, 728*, 789, etc.

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breþer n. brother

'brothers (in arms)'

bróðir 'brother'

CC2bc

*ƀrōþer- 

Far bróðir, Icel bróðir, Norw broder, Dan broder, Sw broder

Gaw 39

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breth n. (1) breath

(1) breath; (2) 'fury'

(2) bræði 'anger, fury'

D2

*brēþa-

(2) Far bræði, Icel bræði, Norw bræde, OSw bræþe

Cl 916

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bretted v. 'break to pieces, destroy' brytja 'chop into pieces' CC3c *ƀrut- Far brytja, Icel brytja, Norw brytja WA 2256, 2697 View
breue v. breve

‘to declare, announce; write down’

bréfa ‘to set down in writing, report, make a précis; document’

FCCC3c

Icel bréfa

Gaw 465, 1393, 1436, etc.; Pe 755; Cl 197; Erk 103

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breyþed adv. 'rushed' bregða 'to move swiftly' C2c *bregðan- Far bregða, brigða, Icel bregða, Norw bregda, ODan bre(i)de, OSw breghþa Cl 1421 View
britten v. britten ‘to break up, destroy; cut (up)’ brjóta ‘to break, damage, wreck (etc.)', brytja ‘to chop into pieces, quarter; cut into portions and serve’ CC3c *ƀrut- Far bróta, Icel brjóta, Norw brjota, Dan bryde, Sw bryta; Far brytja, Icel brytja, Norw brytja Gaw 2, 680, 1339 etc.; WA 1307, 1328, 2479 etc. View
broþe adj.

'angry, fierce, grim'

bráðr ‘immediate, sudden, harsh, fierce, rash'

A1c

*brēða- or *brēþa-

Far bráður, Icel bráður, Norw bråd, Dan brad, Sw bråd

Gaw 1909, 2233; Cl 149, 1409

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broþely adj.

'wild, vile'

bráðr ‘immediate, sudden, harsh, fierce, rash'; cp. bráðligr 'immediate, sudden, violent'

A1c

*brēða- or *brēþa-

Far bráður, Icel bráður, Norw bråd, Dan brad, Sw bråd

Cl 848, 1030

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broþely adv.

'suddenly; fiercely, wretchedly; violently'

bráðr ‘immediate, sudden, harsh, fierce, rash'; cp. bráðliga 'immediately, suddenly'

A1c

*brēða- or *brēþa-

Far bráður, Icel bráður, Nor bråd, Dan brad, Sw bråd

Gaw 2377; Cl 1030, 1256; Pat 474; WA 1214, 2211

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brunt n. brunt

'sudden movement, rush; sharp blow'

cp. bruna  (v.) ‘to move (like fire), surge, come rushing’

DD1


 

Pe 174; WA 783, 3934

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bruny n. brinie, brynie

'mailshirt'

brynja ‘cuirass, hauberk, coat of chain mail’ 

C2

*brunjon-

Far brynja, Icel brynja, Norw brynje, ODan brynje, OSw brynia, brönia

Gaw 580, 861, 2012 etc.

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bruxleʒ v. 'reproves' brigsla, brigzla 'upbraid, reproach, deride' C1c *bregđ- Far brigsla, Icel brigsla, Norw brigsla Pat 345; WA 4662 View
brynston n. brimstone

'brimstone'

cp. brenna (v.) 'to burn (intrans. and trans.)', brennusteinn 'sulphur'

C2

*ƀrennan- or *ƀrannjan-

Cl 967

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*bulk n. (1) block; (2) bulk

(1) ‘(headless) trunk (of the body)’; (3) (*blenk) 'gaze'

(2) bulki 'cargo that is secured (amidships)'; (3) blekkja ‘to deceive, betray, seduce’

D2

(3) *blankjan-

(2) Icel búlki, Norw bulk, bolk, Dan bulk, Sw bulk

Gaw 440

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bulk n. bulk

'hold (of a ship)'

bulki 'cargo that is secured (amidships)'

B1


 

Icel búlki, Norw bulk, bolk, Dan bulk, Sw bulk

Pat 292

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bullez n. bulls

'(wild) bulls'

boli 'bull'

CCC5a

*bulōn 

Icel boli, Norw bol, ODan bul

Gaw 722; Cl 55, 392, 1682

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bur n. birr ‘gale; onslaught, blow, shock; strength; violence’ byrr ‘wind strong enough to fill the sails, good breeze, favourable wind, wind (at sea)’ CC3c *ƀuriz Far byrur, Icel byr, Norw byr, Dan bør, Sw dial byr Gaw 290, 374, 548, etc.; Pe 176, 1158; Cl 32; Pat 7, 148; WA 711 View
burde v. bir ‘(it) behoved (impers.)’ byrja ‘to belong to, be (someone’s) due; (impers.) be (someone’s) due, be fitting for (someone), be appropriate for (someone)’ CCC5ac *burjan- or *buriz  Far byrja, Icel byrja, Norw byrja, OSw byria, böria, Sw börja Gaw 2278, 2428; Pe 316; Pat 117, 507; Erk 260 View
burþe n. birth

'birth'

burðr  ‘burden (on account of pregnancy), foetus, offspring, being; delivery, birth’, byrð ‘birth, ancestry’

CC2a

*burþ-

Far burður, Icel burður, Norw bur(d), Dan byrd, Sw börd

Gaw 922; Pe 1041

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busk n.

'bush'

buskr, buski ‘bush, scrub’

CC2bc

?*busk-

Icel buski, Sw buske; Icel buskr, Norw busk, Dan busk

Gaw 182, 1437 

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busk v. busk ‘to get ready, array, dress, make haste (intrans.); make (trans.); go, betake oneself, drive’ búask, 'to prepare oneself, get oneself ready (to leave), set out, dress oneself’   A2*c *ƀōwwan- + reflexive (acc.) *sek(e) Far búgva, Icel búa, Norw bu(a), Dan bo, Sw bo Gaw 509, 1128, 1136 etc.; Cl 142, 333, 351, etc.; Pat 437 Erk 112; WA 373, 774, 811* etc. View
bycalle v. becall

'call upon, summon'

kalla ‘to call, cry, shout; send for; say; claim; name’

C1a

*kall- or *kalz-

Far kalla, Icel kalla, Norw kalla, Dan kalde, Sw kalla

Pe 913, 1163
 

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bygly adj. bigly

 ‘inhabitable, pleasant’

byggiligr 'habitable'

A1*bc

*ƀewwjan- or *ƀuwwjan-

Pe 963

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bygyng n. bigging

‘dwelling, home’

bygging 'leasing, habitation, tenancy'

A1*bc

*ƀewwjan- or *ƀuwwjan-

Icel bygging

Pe 932, *935; Cl 378, 811; WA 2697, 4431

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byled v. (1) boil; (2) bellow; (3) boil

(1) ‘boiled, bubbled’; (2) ‘resounded’; (3) ‘swelled, rose’

(2) bylja ‘to resound, echo’ 

DD2

(2) *buljan-; (3) *būljō-

(2) Far bylgja, Icel bylgja, Norw bylgja, Dan bølge, Sw bölja

Gaw 2082

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bysulpeʒ v. 'defiles' DD1c cp. Far søpla, Norw søpla; Norw dial sulpa Cl 575 View
caggen v. (2) cadge

'tie up'

(1) kǫgurr (n.) ‘quilt’

DD1c

(1) *kag-

(1) Icel kögur, Sw dial kaghring, kafring

Pe 512; Cl 1254; WA 1521

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cakled v. cackle 'cackled' BBB2a Norw kakla, kagle, Dan kagle, Sw kackla Gaw 1412 View
cal n. call

'summons'

kalla (v.) ‘to call, cry, shout; send for; say; claim; name’; cp. kall 'a call, cry, shouting'

C1ac

*kall- or *kalz- 

Far kall, Icel kall, Norw kall, Dan kald, Sw kall; cp. Far kalla, Icel kalla, Norw kalla, Dan kalde, Sw kalla

Cl 61

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calle v. call ‘to call, shout, cry out (intr.), crave, beg; call, name, summon (tr.)’ kalla ‘to call, cry, shout; send for; say; claim; name’ C1a *kall- or *kalz-  Far kalla, Icel kalla, Norw kalla, Dan kalde, Sw kalla Gaw 456, 664, 807, etc.; Pe 173, 182, 273, etc.; Cl 8, 162, 258, etc.; Pat 26, 131, 281, etc.; Erk 16; WA 229, 431, 559, etc. View
callyng n. calling

'summons'

kalla (v.) ‘to call, cry, shout; send for; say; claim; name’

C1a


*kall- or *kalz-

Far kalla, Icel kalla, Norw kalla, Dan kalde, Sw kalla

Cl 1362

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campe adj.

'rough'

kampr 'beard, moustache'

C1

*kan(i)paz

Far kampur, Icel kampur, Norw kamp

Cl 1695

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caple n. caple, capul

'horse'

kapall ‘nag, hack’

FCC5b

Icel kapall

Gaw 2175; Cl 1254

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caraldes n.

'casks'
 

kerald 'cask'

B2

*kaz-

Far kerald, Icel kerald, Norw kjerald, Sw kärl, käril

Pat 159

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carle n. carl

'churl'

karl 'man, common man'

B2a

*karlaz

Far kallur, Icel karl, Norw kall, kar, Dan karl, runic Sw karilR, Sw karl

Cl 208, 876

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carp v. carp

'to speak, say, converse'

karpa 'to brag, boast'

A1c

Icel karpa, Sw dial karpa

Gaw 263, 360, 377 etc.; Pe 381, 752, 949; Cl 74, 1591; Erk 317; WA 8, 100, 108 etc.

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carp n. 'talk, conversation, discourse, speech, words; message; mention' karp 'bragging', karpa 'to brag, boast' A1c Icel karp Gaw 307, 704, 1013; Pe 883; Cl 23, 1327; Pat 118, 415, 519; WA 748, 1023, 1455, etc. View
carping n. carping

'speech, words'

karpa 'to brag, boast'

A1c

Icel karpa, Sw dial karpa

Cl 1550

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cartis n. cart 'chariot, cart' kartr 'cart' CC2 *krat- Icel kartur, Norw kart WA 3058, 3629 View
caryez v. carry 'rides, goes' keyra ‘to drive, ride, whip’ FC3 *kaurjan- or *kauzjan- Far koyra, Icel kayra, Norw køyra, Dan køre, Sw köra Gaw 734 View
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Etymology