Showing 51 to 100 of 915 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
lenge adv., v. (1) lengh; (3) long; (4) leng (1) (lenge) and (3) (*longe) adv., ‘a long while, for a long time’; (2) (lenge) adv. compar. ‘longer’; (4) (lenge) v. infin. ‘to remain’ (1) lengi ‘long, for a long time’ DD2 (1) *lang-īn-; (3) *langa- ; (4) *lanʒjan- (1) Far leingi, Icel lengi, Norw lenge, Dan længe, Sw länge Gaw 88 View
lithis n. (1) 'people'; (2) 'limbs'  (1) lýðr 'people, population, inhabitants, subjects, congregation, etc.' D2 (1) *leuđiz; (2) *liþuz Far -lýður, Icel lýður, Norw lyd, OSw lyþir WA 3750 View
mynnynge n., v. 'bearing in mind, acknowledgement' minna (v.) ‘to remind’  D1c (1) *menþ-; (2) *mun- Far minna, minnast, Icel minna, minnast, Norw minna, minnast, Dan minde, mides, Sw minna, minnas Erk 269 View
*mukkyd v. (1) mucked; (2) made (1) 'shovelled'; (2) 'made' (1) moka 'to shovel' D2 (1) *mukōn-; (2) makōjan- (1) Icel moka, Norw moka, Dan muge, Sw måka, mocka, Sw dial muka Erk 43 View
ryue adj., adv. rife ‘abundantly, much’ (1) rífr ‘munificent, abundant’ D1 (1) *rīf- or *reiba-; (2) *xrīƀ- (1) Far ríviligur, Icel rífur, Norw rîv, Sw dial riv Gaw 2046; Pe 770, 844; WA 1352, 1663 View
sorʒe n. 'muck, filth' (1) saurgan (n.) 'pollution, defilement', cp. saurigr (adj.) 'filthy, dirty'; (2) cp. saurr (n.) 'mud, dirt' D2 (1) *saur-; (2) *surgō- (1) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör Cl 75, 846; Pat 275 View
schunt v. shunt ‘swerved; flinched’ (1) skunda ‘to speed, hasten’ DD1c (1) *skunð-; (2)?*skunōjan-  (1) Far skunda, Icel skunda, Norw skunda, Dan skynde, OSw skunda Gaw 1902, 2280; Cl 605 View
spenne (2) n. (1) spen; (2) spinney (1) ‘fence, hedge’;  (2) (a) ‘thorn-hedge’;  (b) ‘thorn bush, thorn hedge, thorn thicket’ (1) spenni 'clasp' D2 (1) *span(n)- Far spenni, Icel spenni, Norw spenne, Sw spänne Gaw 1709, 1896
 
View
strothe n. strothe ?'small wood' (1) storð ‘grass, green stalk’ D1bc (1) *sturðō; (2) *strōð- (1) Icel storð, OSw storþahug Gaw 1710; Pe 115 View
sweʒe adj., v. sway 'to speed, sink, stoop, collapse; fall, rush, swing' (2) sveigja ‘to bow, bend’ (trans. and intrans.), sveigja-sk ‘to be swayed, sway, swerve’ DD1c (1) *swōgjan-; (2) *swaigjan-; (3) *swegan- (2) Far sveiggja, Icel sveigja, Norw sveigja, Dan sveje, Sw dial sväig', sveia  Gaw 1429, 1796; Cl 87, 420, 788, etc.; Pat 72, 151, 236; WA 2057, 3970 View
sete n., v. (1) seat; (2) set, sit (1) 'seat, throne, place (at table)'; (2) 'to sit'; (3) 'to be seated' (1) and (3) sæti (n.) ‘seat’ D2 (1) *sētjan-; (2) *satjan- or *setjan-; (3) *sētjan- (1) and (3) Far sæti, Icel sæti, Norw sæte, ODan sæte, Dan sæde, OSw sǣte Sw säte Cl 1395 View
wapped v. wap 'rushed, blew (in gusts), flung' vappa ‘to waddle’  DD1c (1) *wap- (1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp Gaw 1161, 2004; Cl 882; WA 2226 View
wap n. wap 'blow' vappa (v.) ‘to waddle’  DD1c (1) *wap- (1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp Gaw 2249; Pat 499 View
runisch adj. runish ?‘rough, violent’ (1) hrjónn 'rough'; (3) hrynja ‘to fall to ruin, tumble down; (metaph.) to stream, float (of garments); to stream, pour down (of fluids)’ DD1c (1) ?*hrewwa-; (2) *rūnō; (3)  *xreun- (1) Icel hrjón, Norw rjone, rjøne; (3) Icel hrynja, Norw rynja, OSw rynja, Sw dial ryni Gaw 457, Cl 1545, Erk 52 View
runischly adv. runish ‘fiercely’ (1) hrjónn 'rough'; (3) hrynja ‘to fall to ruin, tumble down; (metaph.) to stream, float (of garments); to stream, pour down (of fluids)’ DD1c (1) ?*hrewwa-; (2) *rūnō; (3)  *xreun- (1) Icel hrjón, Norw rjone, rjøne; (3) Icel hrynja, Norw rynja, OSw rynja, Sw dial ryni Gaw 304, *432; Pat 191 View
þire adj., pron. thir 'these' (1) þeir ‘they’ DD1c (1) *þai + z  Early runic þaiʀþeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de WA 95, 167, 262 etc. View
stem v. stem (1) 'aim, attempt, consider' (2) 'intend, purpose, consider' (1) stefnastemna ‘to stand in a certain direction, aim at; to give notice to one, summon; cite (a case); call together (of a meeting)’.  DD2 (1) *steƀnō or *staƀnjōn (1) Far stevna, Icel stefna, Norw stemna, Dan stævne, Sw stämma WA 2480 View
wilily adv. wilily 'with guile' (4) vél (n.) ‘wile, device, trick’  DD1 (1) *wīl-; (2) wīgel-; (4) ?*wihl WA 1764 View
roþeled (1) v. (2) rathel (1) 'heated, broiled'; (2) 'brought together' (1) rjóðr (adj.) 'ruddy, red; (2) raða ‘to set in order’ DD2 (1) *reuda- (1) Icel rjóður, Norw rjod- (2) Far raða, Icel raða, Norw rada, Sw rada Cl 59 View
soerly adj., adv. (1) 'filthy, base'; (2) 'severally, individually' (1) saurligr (adj.) 'unclean'; (2) sér 3 pers. sg. reflex. pron. (dat.), adv.; serliga (adv.) 'apart, particularly' D2 (1) *saur-; (2) *sē-z (1) Far seyrur, Icel saur, Norw saur, ODan sør, OSw sör-, Sw dial sör; (2) Far sær, Icel sér, Norw sêr, Dan sær, i sær, runic Sw saʀ, Sw i sär (1) Cl 117; (2) Cl 117; Pat 193 View
wylle adj., n. will (1) 'going astray, erring, going wrong'; (2) 'wilfulness' (1a) villr (adj.) ‘wild; bewildered, erring, astray’; (1b) villa (n.) 'going astray; error, falsehood' DD2 (1) *welþjaz; (2)*weljōn, *welan (1a) Far villur, Icel villur, Norw vill, ODan willær, wild(ær), Dan vild, OSw vildær, Sw vill, vild; (1b) Far villa, Icel villa, Norw villa, Sw villa Cl 76 View
irked v. irk ‘wearied, irked (impers.)’ yrkja ‘to work, till, cultivate; make verses, compose; (reflex.) take effect’ DD1c (1) *wurkjan- runic Norw worahto, orte, runic Dan w[u]r[t]a, runic Sw wurte, urti, Far yrkja, Icel yrkja, Norw yrkja, Dan dial. ørke, OSw yrkia, Sw yrka Gaw 1573 View
rot n. rot 'decay, rottenness, corruption'
 
DD1c (1) *xrut-; (2) *rut- (2b) Far rot, Icel rot, Norw rot, Dan råd, Sw dial råt, rått Pe 26; Cl 1079; Erk 262 View
bene adj. bein 'pleasing, fair' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' DD1c (1)*baina-; (3) *bōni- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 2475; Pe 110; Pat 418 View
big adj. big 'strong; sharp; big, great, mighty' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1c (1)*big-; (2) *bug- or *bugg- (1) Far byggja, Icel byggja, Norw byggja, Dan bygge, Sw bygga; (2) Norw dial bugge, bugga Gaw 554, 2101; Pe 102, 374; Cl 43, 229, 1183 etc.; Pat 302; WA 915, 1808, 1295 etc. View
bignes n. bigness 'greatness, arrogance' byggva (byggja) 'to settle, inhabit' D1 (1)*big-; (2)*bug- or *bugg- WA 105, 1018 View
raged adj., v. ragged (1) ‘ragged, shaggy’; (2) ‘hoar-frosted’ (1a) raggaðr 'provided with tufts, shaggy', rǫgg 'tuft, shagginess, strip of fur' D2 (1a) *raww-; (1b) *rag-; (2) *hrag- (1a) Icel raggaður, Norw ragget, raggad, OSw raggotter; Icel rögg, Norw ragg, ODan, OSw rag, Sw ragg; (2) Icel hragla, Sw dial ragg, ragga, Dan ræg, Dan dial (Jutlandic) rag Gaw 745; WA 5133 View
rak n. rack (1) 'drifting clouds'; (2) 'path' (1a) cp. rekreki 'jetsom, thing drifted ashore'; (2) rák 'stripe, channel, path' (etc.) DD2 (1a) *wrak-; (1b) *rak-; (2) see rake. (1a) Norw dial rak, Dan vrag, Sw vrak, rak; (2) Far rák, Icel rák, Norw råk, Sw dial råk, Shetl rog Gaw 1695, Pat 139, 176 View
fyskez v. fisk ?‘scampers’  (2a) fýsa ‘to exhort’ (2b) fýsask ‘to wish’ D1 (2) *funsa- (1) Norw dial fjaska, Sw dial fjäska, fjaska; (2) Far fýsa, Icel fýsa, Norw fŷsa, Dan fyse Gaw 1704 View
glyʒt v. glee, gley 'glanced, looked; glinted' gljá ‘to glitter’  DD1c (2) *glīw- Far glíggja, Icel gljá, Norw glå, gljå, Sw dial glia Gaw 842, 970; Pe 114 View
gloumbes v. 'frowns, worries; becomes threatening' (1) ?cp. glámr (n.) 'moon' DD1c (2) *glūm- (1) ?Norw dial glome, glaama; (2) Norw gluma Pat 94; WA 4142 View
noke n. nook 'angle, point, part, corner' DD1c (2) *hnukk- (1) Norw dial nōk; (2) Icel hnokki, Norw nokke, Dan nokke, Sw nock Gaw 660; Pat 278; WA 506, 3144, 4831 View
blunt v. ?'stopped'
 
(1) blunda 'to have one's eyes shut, doze' DD2 (2) *linnan- (1) Far blunda, Icel blunda, Norw blund(r)a, ODan blunde, Dan blunde, OSw blund(r)a Pat 272 View
horyed v. (1) hurried; (2) harried (1) 'urged, hurried'; (2) 'dragged, pulled' (1) cp. hurr 'hurley-burley, noise' DD2 (2) *xarjōjan- cp. Icel hurr (n.); Far hurra, Icel hurra, Norw hurra, Norw dial hurra, Dan hurre 'to whir', Sw hurra, Sw dial hurra Cl 883 View
glotte n. (1) gleet (1) 'corruption' (2) ?'open mouth' (2) cp. glotta (v.) 'to grin, smile scornfully and show teeth' DD2 (2) ?*glunt- (2) cp. Far glotta, Icel glotta, Norw glotta; Norw glott Erk 297 View
lagmon n. (1) belag; (2) lag; (3) law (1) (*bi-laggid men) ‘men spattered with dirt’; (2) ‘last or hindmost person’ (lad … bi lagmon = ‘led astray’); (3) ‘lawyer’ (lad … bi lagmon = ‘cunningly led astray (as if by a lawyer)’ (2a) cp. liggja (v.) 'to lie'; (3) lǫg ‘law; law community, law-district’, cp. laga-maðr, lǫg-maðr D2 (2a) *lag(g)-; (3) *lag- (2a) cp. Norw lagga, Sw dial lagga; (3) Far lóg, Icel lög, Norw log, Dan lov, Sw lag Gaw 1729 View
donkande v. dank ‘moistening’ dǫkk ‘?hollow, pit, ?swampy tract, fen’ BB1c *ðank-  Icel dokk, dökk, Norw dokk, Sw dial dank, dakk; dänke  Gaw 519 View
droupyng n. drooping ‘torpor, troubled sleep’ drúpa ‘to droop, hang one’s head’ BBB2ac *ðrūp-  Far drýpa, Icel drúpa, Norw drupa Gaw 1748, 1750 View
dok n. dock ‘tail’ or perhaps ‘trimmed hair (of tail, etc.)’  cp. dokk, dokka 'windlass' B2 *ðukk- Icel dokkur, Norw dokke; Icel dokk, Norw dokka, Sw docka Gaw 193 View
þay pron. they 'they' þeir ‘they’ A1*c *þai + z  early runic þaiʀ, þeiʀ, etc., Far teir, Icel þeir, Norw dei, Dan de, OSw þē(r), Sw de Gaw 50, 69, 71, etc.; Pe 80, 94, 509, etc.; Cl 9, 10, 11 etc.; Pat 13, 15, 16 etc.; Erk 9, 43, 45 etc.; WA 1, 3, 13 etc. View
þayr pron. their 'their' þeira 'their' A1* *þaizō- early runic þaiʀa, þeʀa, Far teirra, Norw deira, OSw þer(r)a, þaira Gaw 1359, 1362; WA 2, 3, 5 etc. View
þethen adv. 'thence, from there' þaðan, þeðan 'thence, from there, thenceforth, since' B1c *þan- or *það-  Icel þaðan, Norw deden, ODan thæthan, Dan deden, OSw þaþan, þæþan, Sw dädandän WA 1068, 1076, 5131 etc. View
þoʒ conj. though 'even though' þó ‘though, yet’  A1*c *þauh  Far , Icel þó, Norw do, da, ODan do, thoo, OSw þó Gaw 69, 624; Pe 345; Erk 320; WA 51, 254, 471 etc. View
þro adj. thro, thra ‘bold, angry, intense, steadfast; oppressive; fierce, stubborn’ þrár ‘stubborn, obstinate’  A1c *þrawa- Far tráur, Icel þrár, Norw trå, ODan trå, Sw dial trå(r)  Gaw 645, 1713, 1751 etc.; Pe 344, 868; WA 554, 1246, 1631 View
arwes n. arrow 'arrows' ǫr 'arrow' CC1 *arx-  Far ørv, Icel ör, OSw arf Gaw 1160, 1455; WA 1066 View
bayn adj., adv. bain 'obedient, willing; eagerly' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' A1bc *baina- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 1092, 2158; Pe 807; Cl 1511; Pat 136; Erk 181; WA 323 View
bonk n. bank ‘hillside, slope; shore, bank, coast’ bakki ‘bank (of river, lake), shore; slope, escarpment; edge (etc.)’ C1abc *bank-ōn Far bakki, Icel bakki, Norw bakke, banke, ODan bakkæ, bakke, banke, Dan bakke, Sw backe, Sw dial bank Gaw 14, 511, 700, etc.; Pe 102, 106, 196 etc.; Cl 86, 363, 379 etc.; Erk 32 View
brent adj. brent 'steep' bretta ‘to turn upwards’; cp. brattr ‘steep, precipitous; arduous, hard’ CC1c *brant-  Far bretta, Icel bretta, Norw bretta, ODan brente, Dan dial brette, OSw bränta, Sw dial brätta; Far, Icel brattur, Norw bratt, Dan brat, OSw branter, Sw brant, Sw dial bratt Gaw 2165; Pe 106; Cl 379; WA 3648, 4812 View
bred n. bread 'bread'
 
brauð 'bread' CCC3a *brauðan Far breyð, Icel brauð, Norw braud, brød, Dan brød, Sw bröd Gaw 891, 1361, 1610; Cl 620, 636, 1105 View
deʒe v. die 'to die' deyja ‘to die’ C1a *daw-jan-  Far doggja, Icel deyja, Norw døya, Dan , Sw Gaw 996, 1163, 2460; Pe 306, 642, 705, etc.; Cl 400, 1329; Pat 488; Erk 246; WA 692, 990, 1033 etc. View
Word
Etymology