Showing 1 to 50 of 914 lexemes.

Lexeme Part of Speech Modern English Form Sense ON Etymon Summary Category PGmc Ancestor Other Scandinavian reflexes Occurrences  
adill v. addle 'acquire, earn (for themselves)' ǫðlask 'to win, gain as property, get for oneself' C3c *aþalōjan- Icel öðlast, Norw odla WA 3191 View
adreʒ adv. adreigh ‘away, back’ drjúgr 'abundant, sufficient, lasting; supportive staunch, persistent (etc.)' CC3ac *dreug- Far dr(j)úgvur, Icel drjúgur, Norw drjug, Sw dryg Cl 71 View
agayn adv., prep. again (adv.) 'in return'; (prep.) 'against, facing' (í) gegn 'in opposition, against, in return'  A1*c *gagni- Far ígen, Icel gegn,  Dan igen, OSw gen Gaw 384, 1638; Pe 28, 326, 1199, etc.; Cl 266, 826; WA 50, 82, 170 etc. View
agaynʒ prep. against

'against, upon'

(í) gegn 'in opposition, against, in return'

A1*c

*gagni-

Far ígen, Icel gegn, Dan igen, OSw gen

Pe 79; Cl 611, 1711

View
aʒed adj., v. awed 'frightened' agi ‘(n.) dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag- WA 3763 View
aʒefullest adj. awful 'most formidable' agi ‘(n.) dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag-
 
WA 16 View
aghe n. awe 'awe, reverence, terror; danger' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1c *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Erk 234, WA 169, 1459, 2987 etc. View
aghlich adj., adv. awly 'terrible' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 136; Cl 874, 937 View
aʒlez adj. aweless, awless 'without fear' agi ‘dread, awe; discipline; enmity’; cp. agalauss ‘peaceful’ C1 *ag- Far agi, Icel agi, Norw age, Dan ave, OSw aghi, Sw aga Gaw 2335 View
aglyʒte adv. 'slipped away' gljá ‘to glitter’ DD1c ?*glīw- Far glíggja, Icel gljá, Norw glå, gljå, Sw dial glia Pe 245 View
aʒtand num. ‘eighth’ áttandi ‘eighth’ C2c *axtu- Far áttandi, Icel áttundi, Norw åttande, ODan atændæ, ottende, OSw āttunde WA 3830, 4836 View
algate adv. algate, algates 'at any rate' gata ‘way, path, road’ B2 *gatwōn  Far gata, gøta, Icel gata, Norw gate, gote, Dan gade, Sw gata Gaw 141 View
allyt adv. (1) 'back, with delay'; (2) '(even) a little' (1) hlíta ‘to rely on, trust, abide by’; (2) lítt (adv.) ‘little’ D2 (1) *hlītan-; (2) lūti- or lītilaz (1) Far líta, Icel hlíta, Norw lita, Dan lide, OSw lita, Sw lita; (2) Far lítt, Icel lítt, Dan lidt Cl 599 View
alofte adv., prep. aloft

‘up, above, at the top, on; on horseback’

loft ‘air, atmosphere, sky, heaven; space; loft, upper room; balcony’

C1

*luft-a-n

Far loft, luft, Icel loft, lopt, Norw loft, luft, Dan loft, luft, Sw loft, luft

Gaw 194, 435, 572 etc.; Cl 1183; Pat 447; Erk 49; WA 858

View
aloʒ adv. alow

'quietly'

lágr ‘low’

A1*

*lēga-

Far lágur, Icel lágur, Norw låg, Dan lav, Sw låg

Cl 670

View
ande n.

'breath'

andi 'breath, breathing, spirit'

C3

*anđon

Far andi, Icel andi, Norw ande, Dan ånde, OSw ande, Sw ande, anda

WA 749, 4000, 4813

View
angardez adj., n. angard

‘i.e. excessive, arrogant’

ágjarn ‘covetous, greedy; ambitious; pugnacious, belligerent, eager to fight’; gort ‘bragging’; gera, gør(v)a ‘to make, do’

FCCC3c

Icel gjarn, Sw dial gärnt; Far ger-, Icel ger, ODan gør, Dan gør-, OSw gor, gör

Gaw 681

View
anger n. anger 'harm, sorrow; anger' angr ‘sorrow, resentment, distress; repentance; tribulation, injury’  C1 *angez-  Far angur, Icel angur, Norw anger, Dan, anger, Sw ånger Gaw 2344; Pe 343; Cl 572, 1602; Pat 411, 481 View
angirs v. anger 'grows angry' angra 'to distress, grieve, trouble (etc.)' C1 *angez-  Far angra, Icel angra, Norw angra, ODan angre, Dan angre, OSw angra, Sw ångra WA 837 View
angre adj. angry

'caustic'

angr (n.) ‘sorrow, resentment, distress; repentance; tribulation, injury’

C1

*angez-

Far angur, Icel angur, Norw anger, Dan anger, Sw ånger

Cl 1035

View
ar v. are 'are' cp. eru 'are' CCC5 *ar-  Gaw 207, 280, 1094, etc.; Pe 384, 402, 628 etc.; Cl 8, 15, 55, etc.; Pat 13, 15; Erk 164; WA 1, 12, 14 etc. View
are adv. ere 'before' ár 'early' CC1 *air- Far ári, Icel ár, Norw år Gaw 239, 1632, 1891; Cl 438, 1128; Erk 36; WA 246, 447, 1140 View
areþede n. ere

'people of old times' (always in phrase in ~)

ár (adv) 'early'

CC1c

*air-

Far ári, Icel ár, Norw år

Pe 711
 

View
arly adv. early

'early'

ár 'early', cp. árliga ‘annually’

CC1c

*air-

Far ári, Icel ár, Norw år

WA 350, 351

View
arwes n. arrow 'arrows' ǫr 'arrow' CC1 *arx-  Far ørv, Icel ör, OSw arf Gaw 1160, 1455; WA 1066 View
as-tit adv. astite, as tite (adv. phr.) 'at once; in a moment' tíðr ‘frequent, usual, customary’ A3*c *tīða-  Far tíð, Icel tíð, tíður, Norw tid, Dan tid, Sw tid Gaw 31, 1210; Pe 645; WA 693 View
askez n. ash

'ashes'

aska ‘ashes’

CC2

*askōn

Far øska, Icel aska, Norw oske, Dan aske, ask, Sw aska

Gaw 2; Cl 626, 736, 1010 etc.; Pat 380; WA 4180

View
at pron. at

‘which’

(1) at ‘who, that’

CC2

*þat

(1) Far at, Icel , Norw at, Dan at, OSw at, Sw att

Pe 536

View
at prep. at 'at (etc.)' at 'against, towards, at, to' CCC3 *at Far at, Icel að, Norw ad, åt, Dan ad, Sw åt Gaw 464, 1006, 1474 etc.; WA 636, 872, 1103 View
atlyng n. ettling

'intention'

ætla 'to think, intend'

A1*c

*ahtilō(j)an-

Far ætla, Icel ætla, Norw etla, atla, Sw dial ättla, ässla

Cl 688

View
attle v. ettle

'to intend; prepare; address'

ætla 'to think,  intend' 

A1*c

*ahtilō(j)an-

Far, Icel ætla, Norw etla, atla, Sw dial ättla, ässla

Gaw 27, 2263; Cl 207; WA 15, 1157, 1819, etc.

View
atwappe v. atwape, atwappe

'escaped'

vappa ‘to waddle’ 

DD1c

(1) *wap-

(1) Far vappa, Icel vappa, Dan dial vappe, Sw dial vapp

Gaw 1167; Cl 1205

View
*aucly adj., n.

'amiss, blemish'

ǫfugr 'backwards, turned the wrong way'

D1ac

*aƀug-

Far øvugurøvigur, Icel öfugur, Norw ovug, avug, Dan avet, Sw avig, avog

Cl 795

View
autly adj., adv.

(1) 'courageously, manfully'; (2) 'lacking'

(2) auðr 'empty, void, desolate'

DD2

(1) *aiwin + *wextiz; (2) *auþaz

(2) Far eyður, Icel auður, Norw aud

Cl 795

View
ay adv. ay, aye

'always, ever, in each case'

ey, ei 'always, eternally, forever'

A1*c

the acc. sg. of *aiwaz

Icel ei, e

Gaw 26, 73, 128 etc.; Pe 44, 56, 101 etc.; Cl 114, 117, 132 etc.; Pat 8, 90, 130 etc., Erk 278; WA 239, 242, 265

View
ayquere adv. aywhere 'everywhere' ey, ei 'always, eternally, forever' CC5c the acc. sg. of *aiwaz Icel ei, e Gaw 599, 629, 745, etc.; Cl 228, 965, 1403 View
bagges n. bag

'bags'

baggi 'bag, bundle, pack'

BB2a

Far baggi, Icel baggi, Norw dial bagge, bagg, Sw dial bagge

Pat 158

View
bale (1) n. bale ‘destruction, death; misery; torment; sorrow' bǫl ‘misfortune, woe, malice’ CCC5a *balwan  Far bøl, Icel böl Gaw 2041, 2419; Pe 18, 123, 373 etc.; Cl 276, 980, 1256; Pat 276, 426, 510; WA 396, 1146, 1974, etc. View
bale (2) n.

(1) 'disaster'; (2) 'conflagration'

(1) bǫl ‘misfortune, woe, malice’; (2) bál ‘fire, funeral pyre, blaze’

D2

(1) *ƀalwan; (2) ƀēlan

(1) Far bøl, Icel böl; (2) Far bál, Icel bál, Norw bål, Dan bål, Sw bål

Cl 980

View
bale (3) n.

'blaze, fire'

bál ‘fire, funeral pyre, blaze’

A1*c

ƀēlan

Far bál, Icel bál, Norw bål, Dan bål, Sw bål

WA 562, 2231, 2658

View
balʒ adj. balgh

‘swelling with round, smooth surface’ 

bali 'a soft grassy bank, especially sloping down to the shore’

DD1c

(1) *balg-; (2) *bal-

Icel bali, Norw bal

Gaw 967, 2032, 2172

View
balteres adj., v. balter

'roll around; hobble'

B2c

*balt- ( ~ *bult-)

Norw dial bolta, baltra, Sw bulta, bultra, ODan bolte, Dan baltre, boltre

Cl 103; Pat 459

View
banned adj., v. ban 'curse, (pp.) accursed' banna 'forbid, prevent, curse' CC3c *ƀannan- Far banna, Icel banna, Norw banna, Dan bande, Sw banna Cl 468, 885 View
baret n. barrat

‘strife, fighting; trouble, sorrow’

barátta ‘hitting, beating, violent attack; fight, battle’

FCCC3bc

Icel barátta

Gaw 21, 353, 752 etc.

View
barme n. 'edge, brim' barmr 'brim, rim' CC3 *ƀarm- Icel barmur, Norw barm, Dan barm WA 4812 View
barne n. bairn 'child' barn 'child' CCC5ac *ƀarnan Far barn, Icel barn, Norw barn, Dan barn, Sw barn Gaw 2320; Pe 426, 712, 1040; Cl 329, 378, 502, etc.; Pat 510 View
*barne n. (1) bairn

(1) ‘child’; (2) ‘warrior, knight, man’.

(1) barn 'child'

DD2

(1)*ƀarnan; (2) *ƀernuz

(1) Far barn, Icel barn, Norw barn, Dan barn, Sw barn

Gaw 2320

View
bate n. bate

(1) ‘strife, fighting’; (2) ‘baiting’

(2)  beita ‘bait’; cp. beita (v.) ‘to cause to bite’; ‘to chase (with animals), hunt (with animals), set (animals) on’ (etc.), beit, beiti 'grazing, pasture'

DD2

(2) *bait-

(2) Far beita, Icel beita, Norw beite, beita, ODan bēd, Sw bete

Gaw 1461

View
bawelyne n. bowline

'bowline'

bóglína

CCC3c

*ƀōg-

Cl 417; Pat 104

View
bayn adj., adv. bain 'obedient, willing; eagerly' beinn 'straight, direct; hospitable, helpful, accommodating' A1bc *baina- Far beinur, Icel beinn, Norw bein Gaw 1092, 2158; Pe 807; Cl 1511; Pat 136; Erk 181; WA 323 View
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